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Overview

Xilia 2 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Emcure Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Medicine composition: Glimepiride
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Xilia 2 MG Tablet is a drug that is used on treating patients suffering from type 2 Diabetes, who cant control blood sugar levels through diet and exercise alone. Hence this drug is used to enhance the positive effects of diet and exercise with respect to blood sugar. It is also used in combination with other anti-diabetic medicines. It is a type of sulfonylurea anti diabetic medicine, that helps the pancreas in releasing insulin thus helping reduce the blood sugar level. It belongs to a class of drugs known as sulfonylureas.

Xilia 2 MG Tablet is a drug that is used on treating patients suffering from type 2 Diabetes,who can’t control sugar levels through diet and exercise alone. Hence this drug is used to enhance the effects of diet and exercise. It is also used along with other anti-diabetic medicines. It is a type of sulfonylurea anti diabetic medicine which helps the pancreas in releasing insulin thus helping reduce the blood sugar level.It belongs to a class of drugs known as sulfonylureas. Xilia 2 MG Tablet is available in oral tablet form.

Before starting a course of the medication, there are certain precautions that need to be taken. Firstly, any form of allergy must be mentioned to the the consulting doctor. Also, if you have any history of kidney or liver diseases, it should be mentioned to the doctor.

Xilia 2 MG Tablet makes the skin much more sensitive to the sun. Hence, if you are using this medication, use sunscreen to avoid skin problems. Limit the intake of alcohol during medication. Also inform the doctor if you are currently using any prescribed drugs or diet supplement. This drug shouldn’t be used by pregnant women. If you had a surgery recently, it is advisable not to take this medicine. The starting dose for Xilia 2 MG Tablet is a 1mg tablet once every day.

Xilia 2 MG Tablet might cause certain side effects as well. The common side effects arising due to the intake of Xilia 2 MG Tablet are: anxiety, irritability, sweating, dizziness, headache, fatigue, weakness etc. Generally these side effects are mild and go away on their own after a few days. If it doesn’t, then it’s important to seek medical care immediately. There might be some severe side effects too in rare cases. It might cause severe low blood sugar in some cases. It might also result in symptoms such as seizures, weakness, blurred vision etc. It can also cause allergic reactions like anaphylaxis which causes swelling of tongue or throat and causes difficulty in breathing. Some other side effects are stomach swelling, vomiting, nausea etc. Such severe side effects must be treated immediately.

Xilia 2 MG Tablet should be stored at a temperature between 20 to 25 degree celcius. It should be kept away from heat, moisture and direct sunlight. Keep the drug away from the reach of the children and pets.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Diabetologist before using this medicine.

Primary Hypercholesterolemia (high levels of cholesterol in the blood)
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is used in the lowering of abnormally high levels of lipids in the blood.
Mixed Dyslipidemia
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is used to reduce high levels of LDL cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood (main constituents of body fat in humans and other animals, as well as vegetable fat). It also increases the levels of high density cholesterol.
Hypertriglyceridemia
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is used in the lowering of triglycerides in the blood.
Homozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is also used in the management of blood cholesterol and lipid levels in cases where the condition is inherited.
Prevention of cardiovascular diseases
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is used in the prevention of stroke and heart attack if you are at risk due to conditions like Diabetes, Hypertension, Coronary Heart Disease etc. It is also used in people who don't have an active disease but are exposed to multiple risk factors like smoking, age, family history of occurrence etc.
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is not recommended if you have an active liver disease indicated by high levels of Transaminase levels in the body.
Xilia 2 MG Tablet is not recommended if you have a known history of allergy to it.
In addition to its intended effect, Xilia 2 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Cough Major Less Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause severe cough as a side effect. It should be promptly reported to the doctor
Difficulty in swallowing Major Less Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause difficulty while swallowing food. It should be promptly reported to the doctor.
Diarrhea Major Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause diarrhea along with stomach discomfort, nausea, and vomiting.
Impaired liver function Moderate Less Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause an increase in serum Transaminase and other components indicating an impaired liver function.
Joint pain Major Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause pain in the joints.
Muscle pain Major Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause pain in muscles along with cramps and twitches.
Running Nose Moderate Common
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause running nose and difficulty in breathing.
Difficulty in breathing Moderate Common
Insomnia Minor Rare
Xilia 2 MG Tablet can cause lack of sleep in some patients.
How long is the duration of effect?
The medicine remains active in the body for 3 to 4 days after onset of action.
What is the onset of action?
The effect can be observed within 3 to 5 days of administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for women who are or may become pregnant.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding due to a risk of severe adverse effect to the infant.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Xilia 2 MG Tablet , and hence can be used as its substitute.
Usv Ltd
Micro Labs Ltd
Alembic Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Biocon Ltd
Are there any missed dose instructions?
The missed dose can be taken as soon as you remember. If it is time for the next dosage then the missed dose can be skipped.
Are there any overdose instructions?
It is recommended to discontinue the medication and contact your doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Liver Disease Major
Xilia 2 MG Tablet should be given with extreme caution if you have an active liver disease. The dosage has to be suitably adjusted and clinical monitoring of liver function is necessary. The medicine should be discontinued if the liver function is abnormal even after reducing the dosage.
Rhabdomyolysis Major
Any incidence of a muscle disorder either active or historic should be reported to the doctor. The dosage needs to be very carefully adjusted in such cases. Clinical monitoring may be required in some cases. Any symptoms like muscle pain, weakness should be reported especially if it is accompanied by fever and unease.
Cognitive Impairment Moderate
Xilia 2 MG Tablet should be given with caution if you have any symptoms of memory loss, forgetfulness or confusion. The effects tend to go away once the use of statin is discontinued.
Diabetes Moderate
The doctor should be informed if you suffer from Diabetes. Xilia 2 MG Tablet should be taken with caution and close monitoring is required in such cases.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Grapefruit Juice Moderate
Consumption of grapefruit juice should be avoided while you are on Xilia 2 MG Tablet. Signs and symptoms like muscle pain and weakness, fever, and chills, swelling of joints, skin rash, nausea, vomiting should be reported to the doctor.
Interaction with Medicine
Clarithromycin Major
The liver may be damaged if these medicines are taken together. Consult your doctor before taking Xilia 2 MG Tablet with a medicine containing Clarithromycin. Report the historic use of either of the drugs to your doctor without fail. The doctor can make suitable adjustments to the dosage with close monitoring of lipid levels and liver function.
Atazanavir Major
The liver may be damaged if these medicines are taken together. Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor so that suitable adjustment in dosage and constant monitoring of liver function can be done.
Cyclosporine Major
The liver may be damaged if these medicines are taken together. Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor so that suitable adjustment in dosage and constant monitoring of liver function can be done.
Erythromycin Major
The liver may be damaged if these medicines are taken together. Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor so that suitable adjustment in dosage and constant monitoring of liver function can be done.
Azithromycin Moderate
The liver may be damaged if these medicines are taken together. Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor so that suitable adjustment in dosage can be done. Safety parameters need to be monitored at regular intervals. Any symptoms like muscle pain, weakness and dark colored urine should be reported immediately.
Xilia 2 MG Tablet lowers the blood glucose by stimulating the release of insulin from pancreatic beta cells.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am a diabetic patient for last 20 years, my age 50 Presently my reading below 200 after food I do regular exercise/no smoking/drinking habit Presently my medicine is Xilia trio 2 (morning 1tab after lunch 1 tab) I want to know about this medicine, some my sugar level increase /some time down. I do not have weakness/or any other problem.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Hubli-Dharwad
I am a diabetic patient for last 20 years, my age 50
Presently my reading below 200 after food
I do regular exercise/...
Mr. Lybrate-user, if one has well controlled diabetes then fasting sugar should be closer to 100mg and pp should be 150 to 160 mg/100 ml and hba1c% <7. If you have maintained these readings consistently then diabetes is in control. With that one is able to prevent or postpone the long term complications of diabetes, which are very serious. You have not given all the details to give any suggestions. Plus there is no mention about fasting, pp sugar levels, hba1c%, dietary pattern and extent of daily exercise. Without these details it is difficult to give any suggestions. As regards the combination drug that you are taking, voglibose in that is supposed to be taken with the food. Glimepiride before food and metformin is ideally after food but can be taken earlier too. I prefer to give voglibose separately along with food.

I am 49 yrs old. I am diebetic since last 10 years. Presently I am taking one tab xilia m2forte at morning and at night before food xilia m2 from emcure. Now I workout everymorning for 1, 1/2 hours. Now my diebetis under control. I want to change my drugs to a new generation drugs so that side effects can be minimised.

Certified Diabetes Educator, Registered Dietitian (RD), PGDD, Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (B.U.M.S), General Physician
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
I am a registered dietitian, certified diabetes educator and a doctor who will help you in your diabetes problem. You need to provide me your daily food intake details. There are many lifestyle and dietary guidelines that can be followed: take high fiber prescribed diet. Maintain a healthy body weight Eat a balanced diet as prescribed by a registered dietitian, I being a registered dietitian and doctor have been successfully helping patients with their diabetes problem. I will also prescribe medicines that will speed up the time to achieve your weight management goals. Do reply back for private consultation.
1 person found this helpful

Respected sir, I am suffering from type 2 diabetes suggest me ways to control, I am using gemer 0.5 mg as prescribed by my family doctor, but I want to know other precautions and daily measures to control.

MBBS, CCEBDM, Diploma in Diabetology, Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics, Cetificate Course In Thyroid Disorders Management (CCMTD)
Endocrinologist, Dharwad
Respected sir,
I am suffering from type 2 diabetes suggest me ways to control, I am using gemer 0.5 mg as prescribed ...
Mr. lybrate-user, Thanks for the query. There is no mention about blood glucose levels, so no idea whether diabetes is well controlled or not with 0.5 mg Glimepiride, When treatment is adequate fasting glucose should be < 100 mg, PP 150 to 160 mg & HbA1c% <6.8. Usual precautions are: Avoid sweets, deep fried foods, junk foods, pastries, bakery items, foods made from maida and colas. Refrain from alcohol & smoking. Increase the intake of green leafy vegetables, salads and fruits. Always use whole grain flour for roti and chapati. Exercise regularly for over 1 hour a day and maintain normal weight. If you have any doubts please come back. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

My age is 38 years I am using tablet telvas h since 3 months now my bp is 80/120 can I discontinue or reduce dose, I am taking Metformin 500 mg, Glimepiride 1 mg since 2 months, now my Sugar levels are 75/112 shall I stop now?

MBBS, Diploma in Diabetology, Certificate Course in Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (CCGDM), Post Graduate Course in Diabetology
Diabetologist, Mumbai
My age is 38 years I am using tablet telvas h since 3 months now my bp is 80/120 can I discontinue or reduce dose, I ...
I would suggest you not to stop the medicines. Reduction of the dose can definitely be attempted, however let the doctor decide on it. Stopping meds altogether will cause both blood pressure and sugar to shoot up.
5 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Avoid The Ban Medicines To Be Safe

BHMS
Homeopath, Singrauli
Avoid The Ban Medicines To Be Safe

Govt bans 344 drugs, including phensedyl, corex
Sr. No. Product name (irrational fdc) 
1 aceclofenac + paracetamol + rabeprazole
2 nimesulide + diclofenac
3 nimesulide + cetirizine + caffeine
4 nimesulide + tizanidine
5 paracetamol + cetirizine + caffeine
6 diclofenac + tramadol + chlorzoxazone
7 dicyclomine + paracetamol + domperidone
8 nimesulide + paracetamol
9 paracetamol + phenylephrine + caffeine
10 diclofenac+ tramadol + paracetamol
11 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorzoxazone + famotidine
12 naproxen + paracetamol
13 nimesulide + serratiopeptidase
14 paracetamol + diclofenac + famotidine
15 nimesulide + pifofenone + fenpiverinium + benzyl alcohol
16 omeprazole + paracetamol + diclofenac
17 nimesulide + paracetamol injection
18 tamsulosin + diclofenac
19 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
20 diclofenac + zinc carnosine
21 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine maleate + magnesium trisillicate
22 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + cetrizine
23 phenylbutazone + sodium salicylate
24 lornoxicam + paracetamol + trypsin
25 paracetamol + mefenamic acid + ranitidine + dicylomine
26 nimesulide + dicyclomine
27 heparin + diclofenac
28 glucosamine + methyl sulfonyl methane + vitamini d3 + maganese + boron + copper + zinc
29 paracetamol + tapentadol
30 tranexamic acid + proanthocyanidin
31 benzoxonium chloride + lidocaine
32 lornoxicam + paracetamol + tramadol
33 lornoxicam + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
34 diclofenac + paracetamol + magnesium trisilicate
35 paracetamol + domperidone + caffeine
36 ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
37 paracetamol + prochlorperazine maleate
38 serratiopeptidase (enteric coated 20000 units) + diclofenac potassium &amp; 2 tablets of doxycycline
39 nimesulide + paracetamol suspension
40 aceclofenac + paracetamol + famotidine
41 aceclofenac + zinc carnosine
42 paracetamol + disodium hydrogen citrate + caffeine
43 paracetamol + dl methionine
44 disodium hydrogen citrate + paracetamol
45 paracetamol + caffeine + codeine
46 aceclofenac (sr) + paracetamol
47 diclofenac + paracetamol injection
48 azithromycin + cefixime
49 amoxicillin + dicloxacillin
50 amoxicillin 250 mg + potassium clavulanate diluted 62.5 mg
51 azithromycin + levofloxacin
52 cefixime + linezolid
53 amoxicillin + cefixime + potassium clavulanic acid
54 ofloxacin + nitazoxanide
55 cefpodoxime proxetil + levofloxacin
56 azithromycin, secnidazole and fluconazole kit
57 levofloxacin + ornidazole + alpha tocopherol acetate
58 nimorazole + ofloxacin
59 azithromycin + ofloxacin
60 amoxycillin + tinidazole
61 doxycycline + serratiopeptidase
62 cefixime + levofloxacin
63 ofloxacin + metronidazole + zinc acetate
64 diphenoxylate + atropine + furazolidonee
65 fluconazole tablet, azithromycin tablet and ornidazole tablets
66 ciprofloxacin + phenazopyridine
67 amoxycillin + dicloxacillin + serratiopeptidase
68 azithromycin + cefpodoxime
69 lignocaine + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + beclomethasone
70 cefuroxime + linezolid
71 ofloxacin + ornidazole + zinc bisglycinate
72 metronidazole + norfloxacin
73 amoxicillin + bromhexine
74 ciprofloxacin + fluticasone + clotrimazole + neomycin is
75 metronidazole + tetracycline
76 cephalexin + neomycin + prednisolone
77 azithromycin + ambroxol
78 cilnidipine + metoprolol succinate + metoprolol tartrate
79 l-arginine + sildenafil
80 atorvastatin + vitamin d3 + folic acid + vitamin b12 + pyridoxine
81 metformin + atorvastatin
82 clindamycin + telmisartan
83 olmesartan + hydrochlorothiazide + chlorthalidone
84 l-5-methyltetrahydrofolate calcium + escitalopram
85 pholcodine + promethazine
86 paracetamol + promethazine
87 betahistine + ginkgo biloba extract + vinpocetine + piracetam
88 cetirizine + diethyl carbamazine
89 doxylamine + pyridoxine + mefenamic acid + paracetamol
90 drotaverine + clidinium + chlordiazepoxide
91 imipramine + diazepam
92 flupentixol + escitalopram
93 paracetamol + prochloperazine
94 gabapentin + mecobalamin + pyridoxine + thiamine
95 imipramine + chlordiazepoxide + trifluoperazine + trihexyphenidyl
96 chlorpromazine + trihexyphenidyl
97 ursodeoxycholic acid + silymarin
98 metformin 1000/1000/500/500mg + pioglitazone 7.5/7.5/7.5/7.5mg + glimepiride
99 gliclazide 80 mg + metformin 325 mg
100 voglibose+ metformin + chromium picolinate
101 pioglitazone 7.5/7.5mg + metformin 500/1000mg
102 glimepiride 1mg/2mg/3mg + pioglitazone 15mg/15mg/15mg + metformin 1000mg/1000mg/1000mg
103 glimepiride 1mg/2mg+ pioglitazone 15mg/15mg + metformin 850mg/850mg
104 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 2mg
105 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 1mg
106 metformin 500mg/500mg+gliclazide sr 30mg/60mg + pioglitazone 7.5mg/7.5mg
107 voglibose + pioglitazone + metformin
108 metformin + bromocriptine
109 metformin + glimepiride + methylcobalamin
110 pioglitazone 30 mg + metformin 500 mg
111 glimepiride + pioglitazone + metformin
112 glipizide 2.5mg + metformin 400 mg
113 pioglitazone 15mg + metformin 850 mg
114 metformin er + gliclazide Mr. + voglibose
115 chromium polynicotinate + metformin
116 metformin + gliclazide + piogllitazone + chromium polynicotinate
117 metformin + gliclazide + chromium polynicotinate
118 glibenclamide + metformin (sr)+ pioglitazone
119 metformin (sustainded release) 500mg + pioglitazone 15 mg + glimepiride 3mg
120 metformin (sr) 500mg + pioglitazone 5mg
121 chloramphenicol + beclomethasone + clomitrimazole + lignocaine
122 of clotrimazole + ofloxaxin + lignocaine + glycerine and propylene glycol
123 chloramphennicol + lignocaine + betamethasone + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + antipyrine
124 ofloxacin + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
125 gentamicin sulphate + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
126 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + ofloxacin + lignocaine
127 becloemthasone + clotrimazole + chloramphenicol + gentamycin + lignocaine ear
128 flunarizine + paracetamole + domperidone
129 rabeprazole + zinc carnosine
130 magaldrate + famotidine + simethicone
131 cyproheptadine + thiamine
132 magaldrate + ranitidine + pancreatin + domperidone
133 ranitidine + magaldrate + simethicone
134 magaldrate + papain + fungul diastase + simethicone
135 rabeprazole + zinc + domperidone
136 famotidine + oxytacaine + magaldrate
137 ranitidine + domperidone + simethicone
138 alginic acid + sodium bicarbonate + dried aluminium hydroxide + magnesium hydroxide
139 clidinium + paracetamol + dicyclomine + activated dimethicone
140 furazolidone + metronidazole + loperamide
141 rabeprazole + diclofenac + paracetamol
142 ranitidine + magaldrate
143 norfloxacin+ metronidazole + zinc acetate
144 zinc carnosine + oxetacaine
145 oxetacaine + magaldrate + famotidine
146 pantoprazole (as enteric coated tablet) + zinc carnosine (as film coated tablets)
147 zinc carnosine + magnesium hydroxide + dried aluminium hydroxide + simethicone
148 zinc carnosine + sucralfate
149 mebeverine &amp; inner hpmc capsule (streptococcus faecalis + clostridium butyricum + bacillus
Mesentricus + lactic acid bacillus)
150 clindamycin + clotrimazole + lactic acid bacillus

151 sildenafil + estradiol valerate
152 clomifene citrate + ubidecarenone + zinc + folic acid + methylcobalamin + pyridoxine + lycopene
+ selenium + levocarnitine tartrate + l-arginine
153 thyroxine + pyridoxine + folic acid
154 gentamycin + dexamethasone + chloramphenicol + tobramycin + ofloxacin
155 dextromethorphan + levocetirizine + phenylephrine + zinc
156 nimesulide + loratadine + phenylephrine + ambroxol
157 bromhexine + phenylephrine + chlorepheniramine maleate
158 dextromethorphan + bromhexine + guaiphenesin
159 paracetamol + loratadine + phenylephrine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
160 nimesulide + phenylephrine + caffeine + levocetirizine
161 azithromycin + acebrophylline
162 diphenhydramine + terpine + ammonium chloride + sodium chloride + menthol
163 nimesulide + paracetamol + cetirizine + phenylephrine
164 paracetamol + loratadine + dextromethophan + pseudoepheridine + caffeine
165 chlorpheniramine maleate + dextromethorphan + dextromethophan + guaiphenesin + ammonium
Chloride + menthol
166 chlorpheniramine maleate + ammonium chloride + sodium citrate
167 cetirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + zinc gluconate
168 ambroxol
+ guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
169 dextromethorphen + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine maleate + guaiphenesin
170 levocetirizine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + guaiphenesin
171 dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine + chlorpheniramine maleate 
172 cetirizine + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + phenylephrine +
Menthol
173 hlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + caffeine
174 dextromethorphan + triprolidine + phenylephrine
175 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + zinc gluconate + menthol
176 chlorpheniramine + codeine + sodium citrate + menthol syrup
177 enrofloxacin + bromhexin
178 bromhexine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + menthol
179 levofloxacin + bromhexine
180 levocetirizine + phenylephrine + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + paracetamol
181 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + zinc gluconate + paracetamol + menthol
182 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + dextromethorphan+cetirizine
183 diphenhydramine + guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + bromhexine
184 chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + paracetamol
185 dextromethorphen + promethazine
186 diethylcabamazine citrate + cetirizine + guaiphenesin
187 chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + dextromethophan + menthol
188 ambroxol + terbutaline + dextromethorphan
189 dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine + guaiphenesin
190 terbutaline + bromhexine + guaiphenesin + dextromethorphan
191 dextromethorphan + tripolidine + phenylephirine
192 paracetamol + dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine
193 codeine + levocetirizine + menthol
194 dextromethorphan + ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
195 cetirizine + phenylephrine + dextromethorphan + menthol
196 roxithromycin + serratiopeptidase
197 paracetamol + phenylephrine + triprolidine
198 cetirizine + acetaminophen + dextromethorphan + phenyephrine + zinc gluconate 
199 diphenhydramine + guaifenesin + bromhexine + ammonium chloride + menthol
200 chlopheniramine maleate + codeine syrup
201 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + zinc gluconate + menthol
202 paracetamol + phenylephrine + desloratadine + zinc gluconate + ambroxol
203 levocetirizine + montelukast + acebrophylline
204 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + ammonium chloride + menthol
205 acrivastine + paracetamol + caffeine + phenylephrine
206 naphazoline + carboxy methyl cellulose + menthol + camphor + phenylephrine
207 dextromethorphan + cetirizine
208 nimesulide + paracetamol + levocetirizine + phenylephrine + caffeine
209 terbutaline + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + zinc + menthol
210 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + guaifenesin + triprolidine
211 ammomium chloride + bromhexine + dextromethorphan 
212 diethylcarbamazine + cetirizine + ambroxol
213 ethylmorphine + noscapine + chlorpheniramine
214 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + ambroxol
215 ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
216 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + zinc gluconate
217 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + cetirizine + paracetamol + caffeine
218 dextromethophan + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
219 levocetirizine + dextromethorphan + zinc
220 paracetamol + phenylephrine + levocetirizine + caffeine
221 chlorphaniramine + ammonium chloride + sodium chloride
222 paracetamol + dextromethorphan + bromhexine + phenylephrine + diphenhydramine
223 salbutamol + bromhexine + guaiphenesin + menthol
224 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + bromhexine + guaifenesin
225 diethyl carbamazine + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin
226 ketotifen + cetirizine
227 terbutaline + bromhexine + etofylline
228 ketotifen + theophylline
229 ambroxol + salbutamol + theophylline
230 cetririzine + nimesulide + phenylephrine
231 chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + zink gluconate
232 acetaminophen + guaifenesin + dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine
233 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + tulsi
234 cetirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + ambroxol + caffeine
235 guaifenesin + dextromethorphan
236 levocetirizine + paracetamol + phenylephirine + caffeine
237 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
238 levocetirizine + paracetamol + phenylephirine + caffeine
239 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
240 ketotifen + levocetrizine
241 paracetamol + levocetirizine + phenylephirine + zink gluconate
242 paracetamol + phenylephrine + triprolidine + caffeine
243 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + cetirizine
244 caffeine + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine
245 ammonium chloride + dextromethorphan + cetirizine + menthol
246 dextromethorphan + paracetamol + cetirizine + phenylephrine
247 chlorpheniramine + terpin + antimony potassium tartrate + ammonium chloride + sodium
Citrate + menthol
248 terbutaline + etofylline + ambroxol
249 paracetamol + codeine + chlorpheniramine
250 paracetamol+pseudoephedrine+certirizine+caffeine
251 chlorpheniramine+ammonium chloride + menthol
252 n-acetyl cysteine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + levocertirizine
253 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + tripolidine + menthol
254 salbutamol + certirizine + ambroxol
255 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + bromhexine + guaifenesin + chlorpheniramine
256 nimesulide + certirizine + phenylephrine
257 naphazoline + chlorpheniramine + zinc sulphate + boric acid + sodium chloride + chlorobutol
258 paracetamol + bromhexine + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin
259 salbutamol + bromhexine
260 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + guaifenesin + certirizine + acetaminophen
261 guaifenesin + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamo
262 chlorpheniramine + ammonium chloride + chloroform + menthol
263 salbutamol + choline theophylinate + ambroxol
264 chlorpheniramine + codeine phosphate + menthol syrup
265 pseudoephedrine + bromhexine
266 certirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + caffeine + nimesulide
267 dextromethorphan + cetirizine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
268 dextromethorphan + cetirizine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
269 ambroxol + salbutamol + choline theophyllinate + menthol
270 paracetamol + chlorpheniramine + ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine
271 chlorpheniramine + vasaka + tolubalsm + ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + menthol
272 bromhexine + cetrizine + phenylephrine ip+guaifenesin + menthol
273 dextromethorphan + ambroxol + ammonium chloride + chlorpheniramine + menthol
274 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + cetirizine + zinc + menthol
275 terbutaline + n-acetyl l-cysteine + guaifenesin
276 calcium gluconate + levocetirizine
277 paracetamol + levocetirizine + pseudoephedrine
278 salbutamol + choline theophylinate + carbocisteine
279 chlorpheniramine + vitamin c
280 calcium gluconate + chlorpheniramine + vitamin c
281 chlorpheniramine + paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + caffeine
282 guaifenesin + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
(as enteric coated granules) 10000 sp units
283 paracetamol + pheniramine
284 betamethasone + fusidic acid + gentamycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline (ichq
285 clobetasol + ofloxacin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
286 clobetasole + gentamicin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
287 levocetirizine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + paracetamol
288 permethrin + cetrimide + menthol
289 beclomethasone + clotimazole + neomycin + lodochlorohydroxyquinone
290 neomycin + doxycycline
291 ciprofloxacin + fluocinolone + clotrimazole + neomycin + chlorocresol
292 clobetasol + ofloxacin + ketoconazol + zinc sulphate
293 betamethasone + gentamicin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline
294 clobetasol + gentamicin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinone + ketoconazole
295 allantoin + dimethieone + urea + propylene + glycerin + liquid paraffin
296 acriflavine + thymol + cetrimide
297 betamethasone + neomycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorohydroxyquinoline + cholorocresol
298 clobetasol + neomycin + miconazole + clotrimazole
299 ketoconazole + tea tree oil + allantion + zinc oxide + aloe vera + jojoba oil +
Lavander oil + soa noodels
300 clobetasol propionate + ofloxacin + ornidazole + terbinafine
301 clobetasol + neomycin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
302 beclomethasone diproprionate + neomycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline +
Chlorocresol
303 betamethasone + gentamycin + zinc sulphate + clotrimoazole + chlorocresol
304 borax + boric acid + naphazoline + menthol + camphor + methyl hydroxy benzoate
305 bromhexine + dextromethorphan
306 dextromethophan + chlopheniramine + bromhexine
307 menthol + anesthetic ether
308 dextrometharphan + chlopheniramine + ammonium + sodium citrate + menthol
309 ergotamine tartrate + belladona dry extarct+caffeine + paracetamol
310 phenytoin + phenobarbitone
311 gliclazide 40mg + metformin 400mg
312 paracetamol + ambroxol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
313 oflaxacin + ornidazole suspension
314 albuterol + etofylline + bromhexine + menthol
315 albuterol + bromhexine + theophylline
316 salbutamol+hydroxyethyltheophylline (etofylline) + bromhexine
317 paracetamol+phenylephrine+levocetirizine+sodium citrate
318 paracetamol + propyphenazone + caffeine
319 guaifenesin + diphenhydramine + bromhexine + phenylephrine
320 dried alumnium hydroxie gel + prophantheline + diazepam
321 bromhenxine + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamol
322 beclomethasone + clotrimazole + gentamicin + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline
323 telmisartan + metformin
324 ammonium citrate + vitamin b 12 + folic acid + zinc sulphate
325 levothyroxine + phyridoxine + nicotinamide
326 benfotiamine + metformin
327 thyroid + thiamine + riboflavin + phyridoxine + calcium pantothenate + tocopheryl acetate +
Nicotinamide
328 ascorbic acid + manadione sodium bisulphate + rutin + dibasic calcium phosphate +
Adrenochrome mono semicarbazone
329 phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamol + bromhexine + caffeine
330 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + lignocaine + ofloxacin + acetic aicd + sodium methyl paraben +
Propyl paraben

Avoid this combinations and be safe.

175 people found this helpful

diabetic double risk of parkinsonism

MBBS, MD - Internal Medicine
Internal Medicine Specialist, Faridabad
diabetic double risk  of parkinsonism
Diabetes more than doubles the risk of developing Parkinson's disease while metformin therapy protects against that risk, according to research published in the publication Parkinsonism and Related Disorders.

Parkinson's disease is a disorder of the brain that leads to tremors and difficulty with walking, movement and coordination. It most often develops in people age 50 or older and is one of the most common nervous system disorders of the elderly, according to the National Institutes of Health. There is no known cure.

The major 12-year study in Taiwan found that while diabetes increases the risk of Parkinson's 2.2 fold, including metformin in the therapy negates that risk.

“An exciting aspect of the finding is that metformin seems to be working to protect the brain against neurodegeneration which contributes to Parkinsonism. This means it may also be considered a relevant therapy for the prevention of dementia as well,” said Mark Wahlqvist, professor at the National Health Research Institutes in Taiwan and lead author of the study.

Metformin is the first-line medication for patients with type 2 diabetes. This affordable and commonly prescribed oral drug lowers blood glucose levels by decreasing the amount of glucose produced by the liver and enhancing insulin action. It's a type of biguanide drug used since the 1950s with a relatively safe record.

Researchers also found that use of sulfonylurea drugs, a common treatment for diabetes, further increases the risk by about 57 percent.

Sylfonylureas are a category of oral medications that stimulate the beta cells of the pancreas to release more insulin, according to the American Diabetes Association. Sylfonylurea drugs have been in use since the 1950s and include glipizide, glyburide, glimepiride and chlorpropamide.

Researchers theorize that metformin may re-set the regulation of energy metabolism in the brain cells. They suspect that exercise and diet may have the same energy regulating effect.

The study does not examine the mechanism behind metformin's protective effect on the brain. Researchers say that additional research is needed in this area.

Past research has shown that metformin reduces cardiovascular mortality and several cancers, including those of the large bowel, liver and pancreas.
45 people found this helpful

Fertility And Infertility

MS Human Sexuality, M.Phil Clinical Psychology, PhD (Behaviour Modification), Certified In Treatment of Resistant Depression, Certificate course to be Sexuality Educator
Sexologist, Hyderabad
Fertility And Infertility

Fertility is the ability to conceive and have children. Most of us take our fertility for granted but the process of reproduction is complex and sometimes couples experience difficulties when they try to have a baby.

If you are planning to have a baby there are some things you and your partner can do to improve your chance of conceiving and having a healthy baby.

Infertility is defined as the inability to conceive after 12 months or more of unprotected intercourse. About one in nine couples experience fertility difficulties. There are many reasons for this, some relating to the male partner and some to the female partner. If you suspect an infertility problem , talk to your Sexologist, infertility specialist who will guide you through the steps of an infertility investigation.

For people who have been diagnosed with cancer, fertility preservation is an important consideration if there is a chance that their cancer treatment may affect their fertility. 

Increasingly, fertility preservation is now also being used for non-medical purposes. Egg freezing for social reasons has seen a rise in demand in recent years.

Suspecting infertility

Most people take their fertility for granted and do not expect to have problems conceiving. However, one in nine couples experience fertility difficulties.

What to do if you suspect a problem

If you have been trying to conceive for a year or more, it is time to seek medical advice. If you are over 35, you should see a doctor if you have been trying to conceive for six months or more.

The first point of contact should be your general practitioner (GP) who will start an infertility investigation. This involves a detailed medical history and a physical examination of both partners and some basic tests to make sure that the woman is ovulating and that the man produces sperm. If everything seems in order, your GP may advise you to keep trying for a little longer before consulting a fertility specialist. However, if your test results indicate a problem, your doctor will refer you to a fertility specialist without delay. The fertility specialist will do more tests to establish the cause of infertility and determine the type of treatment  you may need. 

Causes of infertility

There are many reasons why pregnancy does not occur. About one third of infertility cases are due to male factors and one third due to female factors. Sometimes both partners have a fertility problem. In about 20 per cent of cases, there is no apparent cause of infertility, so called unexplained or idiopathic infertility. As more couples delay childbearing age-related infertility is becoming more common.

Dealing with infertility

A diagnosis of infertility often comes as a shock. It is unexpected and unwelcome and emotionally challenging. Unlike other adverse life events, which may have a clear resolution, infertility is uniquely distressing because it can last for many years and the outcome is uncertain. Some people find it helpful to discuss their feelings with a psychologist or counsellor. Others feel better if they take action by starting treatment.

What to do next

Once the cause of infertility has been pin-pointed, your doctor will discuss treatment options with you. These will vary depending on the cause of infertility but will most likely involve some form of assisted reproductive treatment . You need a referral from your GP to see a fertility specialist. Your GP may recommend a fertility specialist, unless you have a preference for a particular ART clinics or individual fertility specialist.

The chance of ART treatment working has greatly improved since the late seventies when the first IVF baby was born. Although your chance of having a baby with ART depends largely on factors that are beyond your control, there are some things that you can do to improve the odds. The lifestyle factors that influence the chance of natural conception for both men and women also affect your chance of ART success.

Understanding reproduction

It is useful to understand how eggs and sperm are normally formed, and how conception occurs to understand the causes of infertility and how they are targeted in ART.

The hormones which control the production of sperm and eggs are called gonadotrophins. There are two types of gonadotrophins: follicle-stimulating hormone (FSA) and luteinising hormone (LH). In men, they stimulate the testicles to produce sperm and testosterone. In women, they act on the ovaries, where the eggs develop. The female sex hormones, oestrogen and progesterone, are produced by the ovaries when eggs mature and are released (ovulation).

The production of sex hormones and the release of an egg is known as the menstrual cycle. It is counted from the first day of the period until the day before the start of the next period. In an average cycle of 28 days, ovulation happens on day 14. However, 

And it is important to note that ovulation occurs earlier in women with shorter cycles and later in women with longer cycles.

Your fertility and timing 

  • Sperm are produced at the rate of about 300 million per day. They take some 80 days to mature. Each sperm has a head, which contains the genetic material, and a tail, which propels it up through the vagina, uterus, and Fallopian tubes where the
  • Conception occurs when an egg and a sperm come together. At ovulation, an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube. If sperm is present at that time, the egg can be fertilised. The fertilised egg then starts to divide and becomes an embryo. After ovulation, the ovary produces progesterone which prepares the lining of the uterus - the endometrium - for the growing embryo. If an embryo does not form or attach to the endometrium (implantation), the level of progesterone drops and the next period starts.
  • A few days after implantation, the embryo starts to produce Human Chorionic Gonadotrophins (HCG) - the hormone that gives a positive pregnancy test reading.
  • Conception occurs when an egg and a sperm come together. At ovulation, an egg is released from the ovary into the fallopian tube. If sperm is present at that time, the egg can be fertilised. The fertilised egg then starts to divide and becomes an embryo. After ovulation, the ovary produces progesterone which prepares the lining of the uterus - the endometrium - for the growing embryo. If an embryo does not form or attach to the endometrium (implantation), the level of progesterone drops and the next period starts.
  • A few days after implantation, the embryo starts to produce Human Chorionic Gonadotrophins (HCG) - the hormone that gives a positive pregnancy test reading.
10 people found this helpful

Urinary Incontinence: Types, Causes and Treatment

FMAS, M.Ch - Urology, MS - General Surgery, MBBS
Urologist, Ernakulam
Urinary Incontinence: Types, Causes and Treatment

Urinary incontinence is the unintentional passing of urine. It's a common problem thought to affect millions of people. There are several types of urinary incontinence, including:

  1. Stress Incontinence– when urine leaks out at times when your bladder is under pressure; for example, when you cough or laugh.
  2. Urge Incontinence– when urine leaks as you feel a sudden, intense urge to pass urine, or soon afterwards.
  3. Overflow Incontinence (chronic urinary retention)– when you're unable to fully empty your bladder, which causes frequent leaking.
  4. Total Incontinence– when your bladder can't store any urine at all, which causes you to pass urine constantly or have frequent leaking.

It's also possible to have a mixture of both stress and urge urinary incontinence.

What causes urinary incontinence in men?

Urinary incontinence in men results when the brain does not properly signal the bladder, the sphincters do not squeeze strongly enough, or both. The bladder muscle may contract too much or not enough because of a problem with the muscle itself or the nerves controlling the bladder muscle. Damage to the sphincter muscles themselves or the nerves controlling these muscles can result in poor sphincter function. These problems can range from simple to complex.

A man may have factors that increase his chances of developing UI, including

  1. birth defects—problems with development of the urinary tract
  2. a history of prostate cancer—surgery or radiation treatment for prostate cancer can lead to temporary or permanent UI in men

UI is not a disease. Instead, it can be a symptom of certain conditions or the result of particular events during a man’s life. Conditions or events that may increase a man’s chance of developing UI include

  1. benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)—a condition in which the prostate is enlarged yet not cancerous. In men with BPH, the enlarged prostate presses against and pinches the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Eventually, the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty, leaving some urine in the bladder. The narrowing of the urethra and incomplete emptying of the bladder can lead to UI.
  2. chronic coughinglong-lasting coughing increases pressure on the bladder and pelvic floor muscles.
  3. neurological problems—men with diseases or conditions that affect the brain and spine may have trouble controlling urination.
  4. physical inactivity—decreased activity can increase a man’s weight and contribute to muscle weakness.
  5. obesity—extra weight can put pressure on the bladder, causing a need to urinate before the bladder is full.
  6. older age—bladder muscles can weaken over time, leading to a decrease in the bladder’s capacity to store urine.

Treating Urinary Incontinence

Initially, your GP may suggest some simple measures to see if they help improve your symptoms. These may include:

  1. lifestyle changes – such as losing weight and cutting down on caffeine and alcohol
  2. pelvic floor exercises – exercising your pelvic floor muscles by squeezing them, taught by a specialist 
  3. bladder training – where you learn ways to wait longer between needing to urinate and passing urine, guided by a specialist
  4. You may also benefit from the use of incontinence products, such as absorbent pads and handheld urinals.
  5. Medication may be recommended if you're still unable to manage your symptoms.
  6. Surgery may also be considered. The specific procedures suitable for you will depend on the type of incontinence you have.
  7. Surgical treatments for stress incontinence, such as tape or sling procedures, are used to reduce pressure on the bladder or strengthen the muscles that control urination.
  8. Operations to treat urge incontinence include enlarging the bladder or implanting a device that stimulates the nerve that controls the detrusor muscles.
3 people found this helpful

3 Ways To Diagnose Breast Cancer!

GYNAE ONCOLOGY
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
3 Ways To Diagnose Breast Cancer!

Breast cancer is a form of cancer which develops from the breast tissue. Breast cancer is indicated by signs such as a lump in the breast, changes in breast shape, fluid flowing from the nipple, dimpling of skin, or the development of red scaly patches. Breast cancer is a fatal form of cancer in women and immediate diagnosis is required on observing the symptoms.

Diagnosis of breast cancer
Other than the regular breast screening, the diagnosis of breast cancer involves the following steps and methods:

  1. Seeing your general practitioner (GP): It is very important to visit your GP soon after noticing the symptoms of breast cancer. Your GP will examine you properly and in case your symptoms need more assessment, he/she will refer you to a breast cancer clinic.
  2. Mammogram and breast ultrasoundYou will be required to have a mammogram, as recommended by a specialist breast unit. This is an X-ray of the breasts. An ultrasound scan may also be required. Breast ultrasound should be undertaken only if you are less than 35 years of age. This is because, young women have denser breasts and a mammogram is not as effective as ultrasound in the diagnosis of breast cancer. In ultrasound, high frequency sound waves are used for obtaining an image of your breasts. It is observed to notice any abnormality or lumps. A breast ultrasound is also important for determining whether a lump is solid or contains liquid.
  3. BiopsyIn this diagnosis process, a sample of the tissue cells is taken from the breasts and tested under a microscope to find out if it is cancerous. A scan and needle test for the lymph nodes present in your armpit is also done to check whether they have also been affected. A biopsy is undertaken in several ways, depending upon the condition and severity. A needle aspiration biopsy is used for testing a sample of your breast cells without the removal of the tissues. This is the most common form of biopsy and it is also used for draining a small fluid-filled lump or benign cyst. During the process, you will be given a local anesthetic. Usually, a needle biopsy is carried out guided by an X-ray, ultrasound and an MRI scan as well. This helps in distinguishing it from non-invasive changes such as ductal carcinoma in situ.

Another form of biopsy used for the diagnosis of breast cancer is called vacuum assisted biopsy or mammotome biopsy. In this process, a needle gets attached to a suction tube, which helps in obtaining the sample and for clearing the bleeding

Table of Content

About Xilia 2 MG Tablet
When is Xilia 2 MG Tablet prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Xilia 2 MG Tablet ?
What are the side effects of Xilia 2 MG Tablet ?
Key highlights of Xilia 2 MG Tablet
What are the substitutes for Xilia 2 MG Tablet ?
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Xilia 2 MG Tablet approved?
What are the interactions for Xilia 2 MG Tablet ?