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Overview

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet

Manufacturer: Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Medicine composition: Olanzapine
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used to treat certain mood disorders like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. It can also be used in combination with other medications to treat depression. It is an antipsychotic drug that helps improve the mental condition of patients suffering from hallucinations too. All these symptoms occur due an imbalance of chemicals in the brain. This medication is prescribed only to adults and children above the age of 13. Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is available in the form of oral tablets.

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used to treat certain mood conditions like schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. It can also be used in combination with other medications to treat depression. It is an antipsychotic drug that helps improve the mental condition of patients suffering from hallucinations too. All these symptoms occur due certain chemical imbalances in the brain. This medication is prescribed to adults and children above the age of 18.

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is available in the form of oral tablets. They come in four quantities: 5 mg, 10 mg, 15 mg and 20 mg. This medication should be always taken under the supervision of a doctor. Never take it without the approval of your doctor. Also, it is important to take the recommended doses regularly. If you have missed a dose, take it as quickly as possible. However if it’s already near the time for the next dose, skip it. Don’t take two doses as it will result in undesirable effects on your body.

Certain precautions must be observed before taking Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet. Elderly patients suffering from dementia shouldn’t use this medication. Also, people suffering from high blood sugar should take a doctor’s opinion before using this medication. Any history of blood clotting issues, liver disease or kidney issues should be mentioned to the doctor. Any form of allergies must be mentioned to the doctor as well. Also, it is advisable to avoid alcohol during the treatment period.

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet might also cause certain side effects. Common side effects are: weight gain (especially among young adults), headache, dizziness, problems with speech or memory, tremors or shaking, dry mouth, stomach pain, constipation etc. These conditions usually go away on their own. However if the symptoms are severe, it is advisable to consult with your doctor. Some rare but serious side effects also occur due to this medication. These symptoms are: uncontrolled muscle moments, swelling of hands or feet, hallucinations, fever, swollen gums, painful mouth sores, liver problem, yellowing eyes and skin, stiff muscles etc. If any of these symptoms arise, immediately take medical help.

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet should be stored at room temperature. It should be kept away from the reach of children or pets.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Psychiatrist before using this medicine.

Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of bronchitis, an inflammation of the lungs caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and some Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
Cystitis
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of cystitis, a bladder infection caused by E.coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterococci and Klebsiella pneumoniae.
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of gonococcal infection, a sexually transmitted bacterial infection caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae.
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of community-acquired pneumonia, which is a most common type of lung infection caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus Influenza.
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of Sinusitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae.
Pharyngitis/Tonsilitis
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is used in the treatment of Tonsilitis/Pharyngitis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae.
Avoid if you have a known allergy to Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet or any other Beta-lactam antibiotics.
In addition to its intended effect, Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Diarrhea Major Common
Abdominal pain Major Rare
Dark or Clay colored stools Major Rare
Decreased appetite Major Rare
Blurred vision Major Rare
Acid or sour stomach Minor Rare
Excessive gas in stomach Minor Rare
Joint pain Minor Rare
Change in taste Minor Rare
Change in color/odor of vaginal discharge Major Less Common
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect lasts for an average duration of 2 to 3 hours after onset of action.
What is the onset of action?
The effect can be observed within 2 to 3 hours of oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Insufficient data is available for the use of this medicine in pregnant women. Use this medicine only if clearly needed under the supervision of the doctor.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendency has been reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Avoid breastfeeding if you are taking this medicine. Take this medicine only if clearly needed. However, monitoring of undesired effects is necessary.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet , and hence can be used as its substitute.
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Intas Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Mayflower India
Are there any missed dose instructions?
Take the missed dose as soon as possible. If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the dose and follow the regular schedule.
Are there any overdose instructions?
Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Colitis Moderate
Avoid using Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet if you experience severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, and blood in the stools. Consult your doctor is you are suffering from any gastrointestinal disease.
Impaired kidney function Moderate
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet is eliminated from the body by the kidney. Hence, if you are suffering from a kidney disease, you should avoid taking this medicine or make appropriate dosage adjustments after consulting your doctor.
Impaired liver function Moderate
Avoid using Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet if you have any liver disease. Appropriate dose adjustments are to be made under doctor supervision.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
N/A Moderate
You should take Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet before food. If you are advised to take this medicine after food, then sufficient time gap should be maintained in order to avoid undesired effects.
Interaction with Medicine
Cholera Vaccine Major
Taking {Cefpodoxime}} may reduce the therapeutic effect of Cholera Vaccine. Hence, this combination should be avoided.
Ethinyl Estradiol Moderate
Taking Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet may reduce the efficacy of the oral contraceptive pill. Hence, altern ative means of contraception should be considered.
Furosemide Moderate
If these medicines are taken together, you may experience nausea, vomiting, increased or decreased urination, sudden weight gain, fluid retention, and weakness. Regular kidney function tests should be performed regularly.
Moderate
Avoid using any preparation containing Aluminium hydroxide/Magnesium hydroxide at least two hours before and after taking Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet.
Esomeprazole Moderate
If taken together, the efficacy of Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet will be reduced and a dose adjustment may be required.
Entecavir Moderate
Avoid using these drugs together if you experience any undesired effect.
Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet efficacy in schizophrenia is mediated through a combination of Dopamine and Serotonin type 2 receptor site antagonism. The mechanism of action of olanzapine in the treatment of acute manic or mixed episodes associated with bipolar I disorder is unknown.
What are you using Oleanz 2.5 MG Tablet for?
Other
Pneumonia
Sinusitis
Pharyngitis/Tonsilitis
Cystitis
Bronchitis
Gonococcal Infection
How much was the improvement?
Excellent
Average
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
More than 2 days
Within 2 hours
Within 6 hours
Within a day
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Once a day
Not taking on daily level
Twice a day
Thrice a day
How did you take this medicine?
With Food
With or without food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Other
Decreased appetite
Acid or sour stomach
Abdominal Pain
Blurred vision
Excessive gas in stomach
Joint Pain
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

My mom is 38, she is taking three type of medicines for her Mental problems, she is taking them for 3 years, the medicines are oleanz 10 mg, lithic-300, thp 2 mg. She's gaining her weight fast, the so called medicines above making her weak, she is sleeping almost 14 -16 hours, she is not going out every day, especially her weight making me worry about her, she is saying she is happy with medicines, But she get addicted to it, she didn't consult doctor for the last six months, I'm worried So help my mother out of this situation, I was worried, at last she never went through mental illness after taking this medicines, is there any problem for her weight and sleep. Please let me know I want her to be happy.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Hyderabad
My mom is 38, she is taking three type of medicines for her Mental problems, she is taking them for 3 years, the medi...
You did not mention what was the diagnsis, I guess it could be Bipolar disorder, Weight gain is commonly seen in patients while on Olanzepine and to some extent Lithium also (Lithic). When she is showing good response it is advisable not to change medication. To counter weight gain ask her to reduce or avoid fatty foods, and do exercise to the extent. Get her evaluated for possible reduction or change certain medication.
1 person found this helpful

I have suffering from depression and anxiety. I am taking one oleanz plus and one risdone plus for 45 days. I feel slight improvement. Will I get full benefits after eight weeks?

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
I have suffering from depression and anxiety. I am taking one oleanz plus and one risdone plus for 45 days. I feel sl...
You are not likely to get all the benefits if you do not parallel go for counseling too. Depression and anxiety do go hand-in-hand often times. You must go and meet with a counselor immediately and you must cooperate to your utmost with both. Please visit these professionals along with your parents. In the meantime please do the following sincerely because you could resolve the problem better with good cooperation: Have a good night’s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber, nuts, avocado, exercise regularly, eat dark chocolate, do Yoga meditation exercises, etc. I suggest you do the opposite of what this depression makes you feel like doing (actually, not doing): you will need to fight this condition. You must become active; stay upright during the daylight time; meet people; never sleep during the day, wake up by 6 am every day, play some active games, especially contact games, do physical exercises, talk to people and join some social clubs, attend Yoga classes etc. Watch sitcoms on TV or comedies and cheer yourself up. Go for excursions in groups, for outings, camps, conferences, and religious conventions. Get a pet dog and spend time training it, exercising it and relating to it. Expose yourself to some sunlight every day, at least, 30 minutes but not in the scorching heat. Whatever happens, please incorporate these three important adaptations in your life: always be responsible, be respectful, and be functional. If you did these three, lots of things will go well in life. Please pray and have faith in God to alleviate your sufferings. Don’t wait for others to help. Use your own motivation, which might be at its lowest, but persevere and win this battle. Above all to be really happy, you need to live in love and for love. Learn all about emotions and how to handle them and that will get you out of the depression rather easily and quickly. A counselor is there only to facilitate you, all the hard word must come from you, and your cooperation with that person is very critical for your success. Be positive every day and learn to be contented with what you have. Do some left brain exercises: it is the happy brain. Here are a few suggestions: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do calisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. Whatever happens please cooperate with the therapy and do not discontinue until the condition is completely resolved.
24 people found this helpful

I have been taking oleanz plus for 12 days for depression. No result is found. Will I get benefits after four weeks?

Master of Science/M.S. (Psychotherapy & Counselling), Ph.D.Neuropsychology, BA, Master of Arts (Clinical Psychology )
Psychologist, Udaipur
I have been taking oleanz plus for 12 days for depression. No result is found. Will I get benefits after four weeks?
Dear Lybrate User, Psychiatric medicines take some time to have effect as it is aimed to create a balance in brain chemicals. The medicines works well when a threshold level is achieved in blood. So if after a month you feel it's not working then you shd see your Psychiatrist once again for regulation of dosage or salt. Hope this helps. Divine Blessings!
2 people found this helpful

Sir now a days I used to get into aggression from inside so when I drink mineral water I feel the water is somehow sour or bitter which is unusual to past. Sir is it due to frustration or any acid secreted by my body against anger.

MBBS, DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist, Thrissur
Ya you r having a temporary rise in anger that has to be treated Stress patients worry too much. No need to do so. Relax Nothing is going to happen to you. Take regular exercise daily Stop alcohol and smoke No need to worry. Take Oleanz 2.5 mg daily at night Yoga and breathing exercise All the best.
2 people found this helpful

I'm suffering from depression and anxiety. I met a psychiatrist and she prescribed me one risdone plus and one oleanz 5 per night for six weeks. I have been taking medicines as prescribed for thirty days though I don't feel any improvement. Will I get result within the period of time as prescribed by doctor?

Ph.D Psychology, M.Phil - Psychology
Psychologist, Jaipur
I'm suffering from depression and anxiety. I met a psychiatrist and she prescribed me one risdone plus and one oleanz...
Dear lybrate-user, if you are only taking medicines you will not improve completely. And if you are feeling well due to medicines this wellness stays as long as you continue to take medicines, but short after you stop the medicines the synonyms will return. If you want to get rid from anxiety and depression you have to work on your thought process, you require regular counselling sessions which will help you to stop medicines and improve your physical and mental health.
4 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Bipolar Affective Disorder - Know Its Phases!

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Bipolar Affective Disorder - Know Its Phases!

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. A person’s mood and emotions can be altered drastically due to bipolar disorder, but they do not have more than one personality. Split personalities problem is more commonly seen in those with personality/dissociative disorders. 

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

  1. Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
  2. Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
  3. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
  4. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders— defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.

The disorder has two strong phases: 1) Bipolar Mania and 2) Depression.

Mania

Mania is a state of heightened energy and euphoria - an elevation of mood. It is in direct contrast to depression. Mania can vary in severity from hypomania, where, in addition to mood and energy elevation, the person shows mild impairment of judgement and insight, to severe mania with delusions and a level of manic excitement that can be so exhausting that hospitalisation is required to control the episode.

The mood, energy and other related symptoms define both mania and hypomania, with psychotic features being an 'add on' component experienced by a sub-set of individuals. 

You have an intense sense of well-being, energy and optimism. It can be so strong that it affects your thinking and judgement. You may believe strange things about yourself, make bad decisions, and behave in embarrassing, harmful and - occasionally - dangerous ways.
 
Like depression, it can make it difficult or impossible to deal with day-to-day life. Mania can badly affect both your relationships and your work. When it isn't so extreme, it is called 'hypomania'.
 
If you become manic, you may notice that you are:

Emotional:

  • Very happy and excited
  • Irritated with other people who don't share your optimistic outlook
  • Feeling more important than usual. 

Thinking:

  • Full of new and exciting ideas
  • Moving quickly from one idea to another
  • Hearing voices that other people can't hear.

Physical:

  • Full of energy
  • Unable or unwilling to sleep
  • More interested in sex.  

Behaviour:

  • Making plans that are grandiose and unrealistic
  • Very active, moving around very quickly
  • Behaving unusually
  • Talking very quickly - other people may find it hard to understand what you are talking about
  • Making odd decisions on the spur of the moment, sometimes with disastrous consequences
  • Recklessly spending your money
  • Over-familiar or recklessly critical with other people
  • Less inhibited in general.

If you are in the middle of a manic episode for the first time, you may not realise that there is anything wrong – although your friends, family or colleagues will. You may even feel annoyed if someone tries to point this out to you. You increasingly lose touch with day-to-day issues – and with other people's feelings. 

Depression

The feeling of depression is something we all experience from time to time. It can even help us to recognise and deal with problems in our lives. In clinical depression or bipolar disorder, the feeling of depression is much worse. It goes on for longer and makes it difficult or impossible to deal with the normal things of life. If you become depressed, you will notice some of these changes:

Emotional:

  • Feelings of unhappiness that don't go away
  • Feeling that you want to burst into tears for no reason
  • Losing interest in things
  • Being unable to enjoy things
  • Feeling restless and agitated
  • Losing self-confidence
  • Feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless
  • Feeling more irritable than usual
  • Thinking of suicide.  

Thinking:

  • Can’t think positively or hopefully
  • Finding it hard to make even simple decisions
  • Difficulty in concentrating. 

Physical:

  • Losing appetite and weight
  • Difficulty in getting to sleep
  • Waking earlier than usual
  • Feeling utterly tired
  • Constipation
  • Going off sex. 

Behaviour:

  • Difficulty in starting or completing things – even everyday chores
  • Crying a lot – or feeling like you want to cry, but not being able to
  • Avoiding contact with other people.

Causes:

  1. Biological Causes: Experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes lead to the disorder.
  2. Genetic Traits: Researchers are involved in finding out whether or not the causes of bipolar disorder arise out of genes and other hereditary factors. If you have a first-degree relative or a sibling who is/was affected by this condition, you would probably have it too.
  3. Neurotransmitters: Mood swing disorder is caused by an imbalance in brain chemicals known as ‘neurotransmitters’.

Treatment Methods:

  1. Initial Treatment: The initial treatment method is to take medications to balance and control the mood swings. After the symptoms are in control, one has to start working with his/her trusted doctor for chalking out an effective and practical long-term treatment procedure.

  2. Recovery from substance abuse: Problems related to excessive alcohol and drug abuse are solved by this therapy. Failing this step, this disorder can be unmanageable.

  3. Day care treatment: Day care treatment programs can be recommended by your doctor. This treatment method includes counseling and support which keep the bipolar traits under control.

  4. Hospitalization: Hospitalization or immediate medical support is recommended in case of suicidal thoughts or when a person starts exhibiting erratic behavior (being psychotic).

  5. Medications: Medications include the administration of antipsychotics (such as ziprasidone, olanzapine), antidepressants (usually in combination with a mood stabilizer or an anti-psychotic), mood stabilizers (such as valproic acid, lithium, divalproex sodium) and anti-anxiety medications.

2676 people found this helpful

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia - Know The Different Types & Ways Of Treatment!

Schizophrenia affects over 1% of the world’s population and affects the way a person thinks, feels and behaves. In most cases, it is diagnosed when a person is between the ages of 16 to 25. This condition can be hereditary and is said to affect men more often than women. Schizophrenia is characterized by an inability to distinguish between real and imaginary which can lead to delusions, social withdrawal, hallucinations and other forms of social and occupational dysfunction.

Schizophrenia affects different people in different ways. On the basis of the type of symptoms exhibited, this disease has been categorized into 5 sub types. These are:

  1. PARANOID SCHIZOPHRENIA: This type of schizophrenia is characterized by delusions and hallucinations that may make the person exhibit paranoid behaviour. These people often feel like they are being watched or followed and may have delusions of grandeur. They may also get angry quickly on minor issues and show signs of anxiety and hostility.
  2. DISORGANIZED SCHIZOPHRENIA: In such cases, the person may behave in ways that are difficult to understand or speak in broken sentences and have difficulty structuring a sentence. They may also display inappropriate behaviour and react in ways not suitable to the occasion. People suffering from disorganized schizophrenia may also neglect their personal hygiene.
  3. CATATONIC SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from catatonic schizophrenia may swing between immobility and periods of rapid movement. They may stay quiet for hours or talk rapidly repeating everything they hear. These people have a high risk of harming themselves as they are usually unable to look after themselves and complete daily activities.
  4. UNDIFFERENTIATED SCHIZOPHRENIA: People suffering from this type of schizophrenia exhibit behaviour that fits into more than one type of schizophrenia. From time to time they may have hallucinations, suffer from delusions or display catatonic behaviour and disorganized behaviour or speech.
  5. RESIDUAL SCHIZOPHRENIA: Even though a person may not be currently showcasing any signs of schizophrenia, they are said to have residual schizophrenia. Such people need to have had at least one schizophrenic episode. These people may exhibit symptoms later or be in complete remission.

With schizophrenia, an early diagnosis can make treatment easier and hence if you notice anyone exhibiting signs of schizophrenia, you must advise them to seek medical help immediately.

Typical and Atypical Antipsychotic Agents

Commonly prescribed typical antipsychotics include:

Commonly prescribed atypical antipsychotics include:

Most psychotropic medications produce the best results when paired with some type of psychotherapy. Medication can be of great service in helping a person treat and overcome debilitating symptoms, but pills by themselves cannot address behaviors, emotions, and root causes of mental health issues. If you are prescribed an antipsychotic medication, please consider finding a therapist you trust to help you learn more about what you are experiencing and to help you develop coping strategies to improve the quality of your life.

Schizophrenia cannot be cured but it can be managed with a combination of typical or atypical medication and cognitive therapy. The latter can be in the form of self-help groups, housing and employment programs, counselling and therapy.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

4168 people found this helpful

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Bipolar Affective Disorder

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Mumbai
Causes, Symptoms and Treatment for Bipolar Affective Disorder

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. A person’s mood and emotions can be altered drastically due to bipolar disorder, but they do not have more than one personality. Split personalities problem is more commonly seen in those with personality/dissociative disorders. 

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

  1. Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
  2. Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
  3. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
  4. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders— defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.

The disorder has two strong phases: 1) Bipolar Mania and 2) Depression.

Mania-

Mania is a state of heightened energy and euphoria - an elevation of mood. It is in direct contrast to depression. Mania can vary in severity from hypomania, where, in addition to mood and energy elevation, the person shows mild impairment of judgement and insight, to severe mania with delusions and a level of manic excitement that can be so exhausting that hospitalisation is required to control the episode.

The mood, energy and other related symptoms define both mania and hypomania, with psychotic features being an 'add on' component experienced by a sub-set of individuals. 

You have an intense sense of well-being, energy and optimism. It can be so strong that it affects your thinking and judgement. You may believe strange things about yourself, make bad decisions, and behave in embarrassing, harmful and - occasionally - dangerous ways.
 
Like depression, it can make it difficult or impossible to deal with day-to-day life. Mania can badly affect both your relationships and your work. When it isn't so extreme, it is called 'hypomania'.
 
If you become manic, you may notice that you are:

Emotional:

  • very happy and excited
  • irritated with other people who don't share your optimistic outlook
  • feeling more important than usual. 

Thinking:

  • full of new and exciting ideas
  • moving quickly from one idea to another
  • hearing voices that other people can't hear.

Physical:

  • full of energy
  • unable or unwilling to sleep
  • more interested in sex.  

Behaviour:

  • making plans that are grandiose and unrealistic
  • very active, moving around very quickly
  • behaving unusually
  • talking very quickly - other people may find it hard to understand what you are talking about
  • making odd decisions on the spur of the moment, sometimes with disastrous consequences
  • recklessly spending your money
  • over-familiar or recklessly critical with other people
  • less inhibited in general.

If you are in the middle of a manic episode for the first time, you may not realise that there is anything wrong – although your friends, family or colleagues will. You may even feel annoyed if someone tries to point this out to you. You increasingly lose touch with day-to-day issues – and with other people's feelings. 

Depression- 

The feeling of depression is something we all experience from time to time. It can even help us to recognise and deal with problems in our lives. In clinical depression or bipolar disorder, the feeling of depression is much worse. It goes on for longer and makes it difficult or impossible to deal with the normal things of life. If you become depressed, you will notice some of these changes:

Emotional:

  • feelings of unhappiness that don't go away
  • feeling that you want to burst into tears for no reason
  • losing interest in things
  • being unable to enjoy things
  • feeling restless and agitated
  • losing self-confidence
  • feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless
  • feeling more irritable than usual
  • thinking of suicide.  

Thinking:

  • can’t think positively or hopefully
  • finding it hard to make even simple decisions
  • difficulty in concentrating. 

Physical:

  • losing appetite and weight
  • difficulty in getting to sleep
  • waking earlier than usual
  • feeling utterly tired
  • constipation
  • going off sex. 

Behaviour:

  • difficulty in starting or completing things – even everyday chores
  • crying a lot – or feeling like you want to cry, but not being able to
  • avoiding contact with other people.

Causes:

  1. Biological Causes: Experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes lead to the disorder.
  2. Genetic Traits: Researchers are involved in finding out whether or not the causes of bipolar disorder arise out of genes and other hereditary factors. If you have a first-degree relative or a sibling who is/was affected by this condition, you would probably have it too.
  3. Neurotransmitters: Mood swing disorder is caused by an imbalance in brain chemicals known as ‘neurotransmitters’.

Treatment Methods:

  1. Initial Treatment: The initial treatment method is to take medications to balance and control the mood swings. After the symptoms are in control, one has to start working with his/her trusted doctor for chalking out an effective and practical long-term treatment procedure.

  2. Recovery from substance abuse: Problems related to excessive alcohol and drug abuse are solved by this therapy. Failing this step, this disorder can be unmanageable.

  3. Day care treatment: Day care treatment programs can be recommended by your doctor. This treatment method includes counseling and support which keep the bipolar traits under control.

  4. Hospitalization: Hospitalization or immediate medical support is recommended in case of suicidal thoughts or when a person starts exhibiting erratic behavior (being psychotic).

  5. Medications: Medications include the administration of antipsychotics (such as ziprasidone, olanzapine), antidepressants (usually in combination with a mood stabilizer or an anti-psychotic), mood stabilizers (such as valproic acid, lithium, divalproex sodium) and anti-anxiety medications. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a Psychiatrist.

3711 people found this helpful

Bipolar Affective Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bhopal
Bipolar Affective Disorder: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Bipolar disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a brain disorder that causes unusual shifts in mood, energy, activity levels, and the ability to carry out day-to-day tasks. A person’s mood and emotions can be altered drastically due to bipolar disorder, but they do not have more than one personality. Split personalities problem is more commonly seen in those with personality/dissociative disorders. 

There are four basic types of bipolar disorder; all of them involve clear changes in mood, energy, and activity levels. These moods range from periods of extremely “up,” elated, and energized behavior (known as manic episodes) to very sad, “down,” or hopeless periods (known as depressive episodes). Less severe manic periods are known as hypomanic episodes.

  1. Bipolar I Disorder— defined by manic episodes that last at least 7 days, or by manic symptoms that are so severe that the person needs immediate hospital care. Usually, depressive episodes occur as well, typically lasting at least 2 weeks. Episodes of depression with mixed features (having depression and manic symptoms at the same time) are also possible.
  2. Bipolar II Disorder— defined by a pattern of depressive episodes and hypomanic episodes, but not the full-blown manic episodes described above.
  3. Cyclothymic Disorder (also called cyclothymia)— defined by numerous periods of hypomanic symptoms as well numerous periods of depressive symptoms lasting for at least 2 years (1 year in children and adolescents). However, the symptoms do not meet the diagnostic requirements for a hypomanic episode and a depressive episode.
  4. Other Specified and Unspecified Bipolar and Related Disorders— defined by bipolar disorder symptoms that do not match the three categories listed above.

The disorder has two strong phases: 1) Bipolar Mania and 2) Depression.

Mania-

Mania is a state of heightened energy and euphoria - an elevation of mood. It is in direct contrast to depression. Mania can vary in severity from hypomania, where, in addition to mood and energy elevation, the person shows mild impairment of judgement and insight, to severe mania with delusions and a level of manic excitement that can be so exhausting that hospitalisation is required to control the episode.

The mood, energy and other related symptoms define both mania and hypomania, with psychotic features being an 'add on' component experienced by a sub-set of individuals. 

You have an intense sense of well-being, energy and optimism. It can be so strong that it affects your thinking and judgement. You may believe strange things about yourself, make bad decisions, and behave in embarrassing, harmful and - occasionally - dangerous ways.
 
Like depression, it can make it difficult or impossible to deal with day-to-day life. Mania can badly affect both your relationships and your work. When it isn't so extreme, it is called 'hypomania'.
 
If you become manic, you may notice that you are:

Emotional:

  • very happy and excited
  • irritated with other people who don't share your optimistic outlook
  • feeling more important than usual. 

Thinking:

  • full of new and exciting ideas
  • moving quickly from one idea to another
  • hearing voices that other people can't hear.

Physical:

  • full of energy
  • unable or unwilling to sleep
  • more interested in sex.  

Behaviour:

  • making plans that are grandiose and unrealistic
  • very active, moving around very quickly
  • behaving unusually
  • talking very quickly - other people may find it hard to understand what you are talking about
  • making odd decisions on the spur of the moment, sometimes with disastrous consequences
  • recklessly spending your money
  • over-familiar or recklessly critical with other people
  • less inhibited in general.

If you are in the middle of a manic episode for the first time, you may not realise that there is anything wrong – although your friends, family or colleagues will. You may even feel annoyed if someone tries to point this out to you. You increasingly lose touch with day-to-day issues – and with other people's feelings. 

Depression- 

The feeling of depression is something we all experience from time to time. It can even help us to recognise and deal with problems in our lives. In clinical depression or bipolar disorder, the feeling of depression is much worse. It goes on for longer and makes it difficult or impossible to deal with the normal things of life. If you become depressed, you will notice some of these changes:

Emotional:

  • feelings of unhappiness that don't go away
  • feeling that you want to burst into tears for no reason
  • losing interest in things
  • being unable to enjoy things
  • feeling restless and agitated
  • losing self-confidence
  • feeling useless, inadequate and hopeless
  • feeling more irritable than usual
  • thinking of suicide.  

Thinking:

  • can’t think positively or hopefully
  • finding it hard to make even simple decisions
  • difficulty in concentrating. 

Physical:

  • losing appetite and weight
  • difficulty in getting to sleep
  • waking earlier than usual
  • feeling utterly tired
  • constipation
  • going off sex. 

Behaviour:

  • difficulty in starting or completing things – even everyday chores
  • crying a lot – or feeling like you want to cry, but not being able to
  • avoiding contact with other people.

Causes:

  1. Biological Causes: Experts say that patients with bipolar disorder often show physical changes in their brains. Nobody is sure why the changes lead to the disorder.
  2. Genetic Traits: Researchers are involved in finding out whether or not the causes of bipolar disorder arise out of genes and other hereditary factors. If you have a first-degree relative or a sibling who is/was affected by this condition, you would probably have it too.
  3. Neurotransmitters: Mood swing disorder is caused by an imbalance in brain chemicals known as ‘neurotransmitters’.

Treatment Methods:

  1. Initial Treatment: The initial treatment method is to take medications to balance and control the mood swings. After the symptoms are in control, one has to start working with his/her trusted doctor for chalking out an effective and practical long-term treatment procedure.

  2. Recovery from substance abuse: Problems related to excessive alcohol and drug abuse are solved by this therapy. Failing this step, this disorder can be unmanageable.

  3. Day care treatment: Day care treatment programs can be recommended by your doctor. This treatment method includes counseling and support which keep the bipolar traits under control.

  4. Hospitalization: Hospitalization or immediate medical support is recommended in case of suicidal thoughts or when a person starts exhibiting erratic behavior (being psychotic).

  5. Medications: Medications include the administration of antipsychotics (such as ziprasidone, olanzapine), antidepressants (usually in combination with a mood stabilizer or an anti-psychotic), mood stabilizers (such as valproic acid, lithium, divalproex sodium) and anti-anxiety medications. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a psychiatrist.

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Bipolar Disorder - Symptoms And Diagnosis

MS - Counselling and Psychotherapy, Diploma in Psychological Medicine , MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
Bipolar Disorder - Symptoms And Diagnosis

Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression. This usually sets in low and high moods in a person along with changes in energy and sleep.

People with bipolar disorder tend to have periodical changes; sometimes they are over happy and other times they might feel sad, depressed and hopeless. Between these changes they are normal. The highs and lows are considered as extreme poles of moods, thus the name bipolar disorder.

Manic term is used when a person with bipolar disorder is highly excited and feels confident. Also, feelings of irritability and recklessness along with irrationality might occur. Some people with mania might have a hallucinations that is they see and hear things that are not there, along with delusions.

The term hypomania is used to describe mild symptoms of mania, in which a person does not have hallucinations and delusions and the symptoms do not interfere with their daily life. Similarly, the term depressive is used to describe a person's time when they feel depressed or sad.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

  • The highs and lows in a bipolar disorder do not follow any set pattern. One might feel manic or depressed for hours or days or weeks, months and even years together, before they actually switch to a happy mood. The severity depends from person to person and also changes with time by becoming less or more severe.
  • Symptoms of mania or the high are extreme excitement, change from being happy to angry and irritable along with restlessness, speech is rapid with low concentration, less sleep and increased energy, grand plans, alcohol and drug abuse and impulsiveness.
  • Symptoms of low or depressive phase are lethargy, worthlessness, feeling of sadness and hopelessness, lowered concentration, irritability, loss of sleep or excessive sleeping, loss of appetite and suicidal tendencies.

Diagnosis of Bipolar Disorder

  • In case someone exhibits symptoms of bipolar disorder, then talking to a psychiatrist or a doctor helps. Doctors ask questions related to the mental illness and the associated concerns. Diagnosis is basically recognizing the symptoms of the person, whether they are due to some underlying cause or mood swings because of excessive alcohol. The symptoms have to be noted and the duration, for which they last along with the severity should all be noted. The most obvious symptoms are that of lows and highs in mood and changes in behavior, energy, sleep and thoughts.
  • Consulting a doctor or talking to family and friends helps to differentiate the symptoms of bipolar disorder from unipolar disorder.

Treatment

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