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Acarbose

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required
Last Updated: December 14, 2018

Acarbose essentially treats type 2 diabetes. The medicine should be accompanied with a proper diet plan and plenty of exercise so as to have the required effect on the body. The drug is either prescribed with a combination of other antibiotic drugs, or on its own depending on the severity of the condition. Known to be a glucosidase inhibitor, Acarbose slows down the function of the enzyme responsible for converting carbohydrate to glucose. Thus, blood sugar levels do not rise drastically after a meal. But certain precautions should be taken before the consumption of Acarbose. For instance the drug should be avoided if –

  • You are allergic to it or any ingredients that it has.
  • You suffer from blocked stomach or bowel.
  • You suffer from colon ulcers, chronic bowel or stomach conditions or inflamed bowels.
  • You suffer from liver cirrhosis, or kidney problems.

Also inform your doctor about any medications that you are currently taking, as they may interfere with the action of Acarbose. Example of such medicines are- anticoagulants like warfarin, calcium channel blockers like verapamil, insulin, digoxin etc.

Patients should be aware of some side effects which can occur as a result of taking Acarbose, which include gas, pain in the stomach, bloating and diarrhea. The side effects may be minor or may not occur at all depending from individual to individual.

When it comes to consumption of the drug, instructions on the prescription should be followed. Generally it is taken orally just before a meal. In case you happen to miss taking a dose of the drug, avoid taking two doses. Follow your normal dosing schedule only. The dosage of Acarbose may range from 25 mg, 50 mg and 100 mg.

type diabetes

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Diabetologist before using this medicine.

  • Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Acarbose is used to control blood sugar levels in adults with Type II Diabetes Mellitus.
  • Allergy

    Acarbose is not recommended in the patients with known allergy.
  • Gastrointestinal Disease

    Acarbose is not recommended in the patients with any history of gastrointestinal disease like inflammatory bowel disease, colonic ulceration or any intestinal obstruction.
  • How long is the duration of effect?

    The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 4 to 6 hours.
  • What is the onset of action?

    The peak effect of this medicine can be observed in 1 hour.
  • Are there any pregnancy warnings?

    This medicine is not recommended for pregnant women.
  • Is it habit forming?

    No habit forming tendencies were reported
  • Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

    This medicine is not recommended in breastfeeding women.
  • Missed Dose instructions

    Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. Skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next scheduled dose. Do not take extra medicine to make up for the missed dose.
  • Overdose instructions

    Seek emergency medical treatment or contact the doctor in case of an overdose.
  • India

  • United States

  • Japan

Below is the list of medicines, which contains Acarbose as ingredient

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Acarbose belongs to the class alpha-glucosidase inhibitors. It works by inhibiting the Pancreatic alpha-amylase enzyme which converts the starches to oligosaccharides in the small intestine and by inhibiting the intestinal alpha-glucosidase enzyme which converts oligosaccharides, trisaccharides, and disaccharides to glucose and other monosaccharides. Thus, delaying the absorption of glucose and helps in lowering the blood glucose levels.

Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

  • Interaction with Disease

    Impaired Liver Function

    Acarbose is not recommended in the patients with primary cirrhosis. Inform the doctor if you have a history of liver injury. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.

    Diabetic Ketoacidosis

    Acarbose is not recommended in the patients with diabetic ketoacidosis. Inform the doctor if you have a history of diabetic ketoacidosis. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.

    Gastro-Intestinal Disease

    Acarbose is not recommended in the patients with inflammatory bowel disease or any chronic intestinal disease. Inform the doctor if you are suffering from any gastrointestinal disease. An alternate medicine should be considered based on the clinical condition.
  • Interaction with Alcohol

    Alcohol

    Consumption of alcohol is not recommended in the patients with diabetes due to increase in the risk of altered blood glucose levels. Frequent monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary and proper diet should be maintained for better diabetic control.
  • Interaction with Lab Test

    Lab

    Information not available.
  • Interaction with Food

    Food

    Information not available.
  • Interaction with Medicine

    Aripiprazole

    Antipsychotic medicines like aripiprazole may increase the blood glucose levels by decreasing the effect of Acarbose. Any symptoms of increased urination, thirst should be reported to the doctor. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.

    Gatifloxacin

    Fluoroquinolones (especially gatifloxacin) are not recommended in the patients with diabetes due to the risk of low blood glucose levels and also high blood glucose levels. Inform the doctor if you are receiving these antibiotics. Any symptoms of increased urination, dizziness, weakness, confusion should be reported to the doctor.

    Furosemide

    Diuretics like furosemide may increase the blood glucose levels by decreasing the effect of Acarbose. Any symptoms of increased urination, thirst should be reported to the doctor. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.

    Corticosteroids

    Corticosteroids like dexamethasone, betamethasone may increase the blood glucose levels by decreasing the effect of Acarbose. Any symptoms of increased urination, thirst should be reported to the doctor. Close monitoring of blood glucose levels is necessary. Dose adjustments are to be made based on the clinical condition.
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

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Table of Content
About Acarbose
What are the uses of Acarbose
What are the contraindications of Acarbose ?
What are the side effects of Acarbose ?
Key highlights of Acarbose
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Acarbose approved?
Medicines containing Acarbose
How does this medication work?
What are the interactions of Acarbose ?