Urology is the branch of medicine which deals with the urinary tract in both males and females. However, it is worth note that urologists also deal with the male reproductive system. Even though some may call the specialists who treat problems in the male reproductive system as andrologists, it is worth note that andrologists are generally considered just a type of urologist. Many people also have the misconception that urology is a surgical specialty. This is not true because urologists also have to be trained in other fields such as internal medicine, pediatrics and even gynecology. Urology was once categorized as general surgery but after new treatments, obstructive uropathy was established and as such urologists and general surgeons became separate specialties. The organs associated with the male reproductive system as well as the urinary system tends to be very complicated and thus only a specialist is able to manage them. Due to this, there are many types of urologists. Urologists work alongside oncologists, urologists, gynecologists and other specialties to make sure that the best treatment is given to the patient. This is why there are various sub-specialties including endo-urologists, urological oncologists, neuroradiologists and many more. Common diseases which an urologist treats include BPH which stands for benign prostate hyperplasia, prostatitis, interstitial cystitis also known as painful bladder syndrome, an overactive bladder, erectile dysfunction, hematuria, urinary incontinence and more. Lybrate helps you connect with urologists in the vicinity of madurai, Chennai. Lybrate helps you access its storehouse of medical resources so that you can seek effective treatments near madurai, Chennai. So subscribe to Lybrate today to find urologists near madurai, Chennai. Listed above are the top urologists in madurai, Chennai.
A physician who specializes in treating the diseases of the urinary tract in female and urinary and sex organs in male.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT UROLOGIST?
Pyuria, caused by infections can be treated by a urologist.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF UROLOGIST?
A urologist uses the method of cryotherapy (minimally invasive method) to treat renal tumors.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE UROLOGIST FOR
A urologist also specializes in treating prostate and bladder cancer.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pomegranate juice can help prevent prostate cancer.
Kidney Stones- Should It Be Removed
A kidney stone may not be as big as the stones in your garden, but can be quite a pain. Kidney stones are actually mineral crystals that are usually a combination of calcium and phosphates. The size of a kidney stone ranges from the size of a sugar crystal to a ping pong ball. While some kidney stones pass out of the body along with urine, others can block the urethra and become painful. In addition to being painful, a kidney stone can cause permanent damage to your kidneys. Since large kidney stones are usually painful, they rarely go undiagnosed. However, if a kidney stone is left untreated, it could cause the kidney to atrophy and lower the functionality of the kidney. Kidney stones that are related to an infection can also lead to chronic urinary tract infections and damage the kidney through scarring and inflammation. This could eventually lead to kidney failure. Not all kidney stones need to be treated with surgery. If the kidney stone is very small, your doctor may prescribe plenty of water and medication to treat the pain. With plenty of water, you should be able to pass the stone in your urine. Ideally, you should take plenty of rest until the stone is passed. Larger kidney stones may need you to be hospitalized for treatment. These are: - extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (eswl) To begin this of treatment, a painkiller is administered. Ultrasonic waves are used to determine the location of the kidney stone. Shock waves are then passed through the kidney stone to break it into smaller pieces, which can then pass out of the body through urine. - ureteroscopy This is also called retrograde intrarenal surgery and is performed when the kidney stone is stuck in the ureter. A ureteroscope is passed through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. Laser energy may then be used to break the stone into smaller pieces to unblock the ureter. - percutaneous nephrolithotomy (pcnl) This surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It involves a small incision being made in the back and a nephroscope passed into the kidney through it. Laser or pneumatic energy is then used to break up the stone into smaller pieces and pull them out. - open surgery Open surgery is performed only in the case of an abnormally large stone or abnormal anatomy of the person. An incision is made in the back that allows the doctor to access the kidney and manually remove the stone.