A person suffering from kidney failure and needing kidney transplant must consult a medical professional or kidney specialist to receive a new kidney. Most people choose kidney transplant over dialysis for the reason that it may grant a person greater freedom, lesser dietary constraints and more energy. But before coming to a decision it is highly recommended to take a person's advice who has already undergone a kidney transplant. However, most importantly one needs to consult a nephrologist. Secondly, two different kinds of transplant surgery exist. They are:
Deceased Donor Kidney Transplant – A deceased donor is somebody who decides to donate the organs upon death. However, there are times when the deceased donor wishes might not be known, in such cases the family members may give their consent on donating the organ.
Living Donor Kidney Transplant – A living donor could be someone from the patient's immediate or extended family or could be one's close friend or spouse. However, in a few cases, it could even be a complete stranger who is willing to donate his/her kidney to the patient in need of a transplant.
Usually, the surgery takes 3 to 5 hours. The new kidney is placed either on the left or right side of the lower abdomen through a surgical opening wherein the new kidney is connected to the blood vessels and urinary tube is linked to the bladder.
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