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The common cold, including chest cold and head cold, and seasonal flu are caused by viruses. It is a common viral infection of the nose and throat. One can get a cold by touching the eyes or nose after touching surfaces with cold germs on them. The germs can also infect by inhaling them. Symptoms usually begin 2 or 3 days after infection and last 2 to 14 days.
HOW IS COLDS DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner can easily detect cold by the symptoms of the infection. The most common cold symptoms are:
• Nasal congestion
• Runny nose
• Scratchy and sore throat
• Body temperature more than normal.
• Decreased appetite
• A headache and body ache
HOW IS COLDS TREATED?
There is no cure for the common cold and it lasts for 7-10 days and subsides on its own without treatment. There are various ways to help recover easily which are:
• Getting plenty of rest
• Drinking fluids
• Gargling with warm salt water
• Using cough drops or throat sprays
• Taking over-the-counter pain or cold medicines
DID YOU KNOW?
Colds are the most common trigger of wheezing in children with asthma. It may lead to many complications which are:
• Ear infection