A cardiologist can be defined as a doctor whose area of expertise lies in the field of cardiology, which is concerned with the proper functioning of the heart and the circulatory system. A cardiologist’s duties include diagnosing, managing, treating and preventing diseases and disorders that affect the cardiovascular health of a patient. Cardiologists have to go through an extensive period of education to come out as certified cardiologists and this includes attending medical school for four years and then going through a three year training period in internal medicine. A certified cardiologist then can either choose to pursue a private practice or work in a private or a government hospital. Their basic job is to analyse the medical history and present symptoms of their patients and recommend tests in order to come up with a definite diagnosis and then proceed with the treatment accordingly. A cardiologist can also check your blood pressure, your pulse rate and your weight to determine if you suffer from a heart disease or not. Although quite a few heart diseases can be diagnosed on the basis of the symptoms you experience, some of them may require additional tests such as an ECG, a blood test or an X-ray. Medicines and lifestyle modifications are usually the treatment methods advocated by cardiologists.
You can go to a cardiologist if you observe any symptoms of a heart disease or suffer from any pre-existing heart disease such as heart failure, cardiac arrest, congenital heart disease, aneurysm, hypertension, coronary artery disease, cardiomyopathy etc.
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A cardiologist can be specialized in various branches of the field, such as pediatric cardiology, adult clinical cardiology, interventional cardiology, electrophysiology, etc.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT CARDIOLOGIST?
If you suffer from CHF or Congestive Heart Failure, you need to visit a cardiologist in order to get diagnosed.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CARDIOLOGIST?
Additional medical testing might be required after which the cardiologist makes an individualized diagnosis of the case and prescribes medication, lifestyle changes and/or surgery.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE CARDIOLOGIST FOR
Cardiologists are also adept at recognizing cerebral disorders that originate from the vascular system.
DID YOU KNOW?
The heart has its own electrical impulses and can function outside the body if it has a sufficient blood supply.
Heart Care In Your Hands: World Heart Day Special Tips
A heart patient has to always live with caution. This World Heart Day, let us understand what it takes to keep our heart in good health. In fact, by following certain rules, one can lead a smooth life despite being a heart patient. The major risk factors of heart diseases are smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes, physical inactivity, obesity, and high cholesterol. In addition to these, there are factors which add to the heart condition. They are stress, alcohol, sleep apnea and C - reactive protein. Food and exercise play a major role in the well-being of a heart patient. It is important to engage in exercises as prescribed by your heart specialist. Follow these dos and don’ts with respect to food. Say YES To: 1. Poultry and fish for the requirement Omega 3 and Protein 2. Raw nuts, flax seeds, avocados, olive oil, fish oils etc which make up the body's need of healthy fats. 3. Fruits and vegetables for the body's nutrient needs. 4. Whole grains and legumes which provide energy and fiber to the body. 5. Protein and calcium which come from unsweetened yoghurt, egg whites, low-fat/non-fat cheese and skimmed or double toned milk. Say NO To: 1. Fried foods, cakes and pastries, since they have trans-fats or other harmful fats. 2. Foods high in sodium and sugar, especially packaged goods. 3. Rice, pasta, white breads, sugary foods. 4. Sausage, bacon and red meat. 5. Full cream milk, whole milk cheese and sweetened yoghurt.