Lactation or breastfeeding is a joyous experience for new mothers. Providing breast milk to infants is the best nutrition a mother can provide her child. Lactation is extremely vital as it provides nourishment to the baby. A woman can face common lactation problems. The baby might not latch onto the breast while breastfeeding and might just fall asleep while drinking milk. In such cases, the baby's nourishment might cease and he might not get the necessary nutrients required for growth. Many times women also complain that they experience excruciating pain while releasing milk from their breasts. In such cases the breasts can get sore and hurt. This can be cured by proper medications and massage therapy.
A lot of complications can arise during lactating such as soreness, plugged ducts, pain during lactation and breast infection. Soreness is very common and can be very uncomfortable at first, though it can be controlled by applying lotions and consuming proper medication prescribed by your doctor. Some women tend to get engorged breasts due to prolonged breastfeeding. Plugged duct is another complication of breastfeeding which generally arises when the milk doesn't drain properly due to inflammation. Wearing tight bras or trauma to the breast can constrict the milk duct and cause plugged ducts. An infection called mastitis is also faced by a lot of lactating women. In this condition the area of the breast develops an infection which becomes painful, red and swollen. Discharge from the nipples is also very common during mastitis. An obstetrics or gynecologist should be consulted as soon as possible if you face problems during breastfeeding.