I am Dr. Pawan Gupta, Pulmonologist. Me apko aaj asthma ke bare me btaunga. Ye bhut hi common hai pure world me. Airway tract me swelling aa jane se tract narrow ho jata hai. Islia oxygen ki kami ho jati hai and carbondioxide ka badhne ka khtra rehta hai. Asthma curable nhi hai but treatable hai. Iske symptoms hain chest tightness, coughing, breathing difficulty. Asthma can happen at any age group. Asthma causes are air pollution, indoor allergens. Indoor pollution ke causes hain pets, dust, smoking. Diagnosis of asthma basically depends on the clinical history along with the clinical examination and spirometry. It is a lung function test.
You should avoid smoking. How to manage the asthma? Consult the doctor timely as he will prescribe the medications. Myth hai ki medications lene se adat paad jati hai but aisa nhi hai. Inhaler medications are safe than the oral medications. Agar patient ke symptoms medications se control nhi ho rhen hai to immunotherapy di jati hai. Asthma is generally associated with allergic rhinitis. Nasal allergy ko control krna jruri hai. Iske lia nasal spray use kia jata hai. Next allergy jo asthma ke sath associated hai vo hai skin allergy. You should know that what are the risk factors of the asthma and how to manage and how to prevent. Inhalers are very useful and not addictive. They have very minimal side-effects and can be used for long term. Asthma is long term disease. So, basically knowledge and awareness of the asthma and well educated asthma plan is the most essential part of the asthma management.