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Osteoporosis - How To Avert It?

Reviewed by
Dr. Vimal Kumar Dakour 85% (10 ratings)
MBBS, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), DNB - Orthopedics/Orthopedic Surgery
Orthopedist, Delhi  •  15 years experience
Osteoporosis - How To Avert It?

When the density of the bone decreases, it is known as osteoporosis. The bones also start to get weak and fragile and their strength decreases. It causes the bones to become porous, more like a sponge. This can also lead to frequent fractures in the bone. Here are some of the factors that might increase your risk of getting osteoporosis:

  • Thin and small body frame
  • Family history of osteoporosis
  • Smoking
  • Excessive alcohol consumption
  • Lack of exercise
  • Calcium deficiency
  • Poor nutrition
  • Lack of certain vitamins
  • Bowel diseases
  • Low estrogen in women
  • Low testosterone in men
  • Chemotherapy because of the toxic effect it has on the ovaries
  • Menstrual cycle complications in women
  • Chronic swelling due to rheumatoid arthritis or any liver disease.

Osteoporosis can be treated in a number of ways. The main goal is to prevent the bones from getting fractured or becoming weaker. Timely treatment can surely decrease the risk of fractures in the future. It is very difficult to completely cure or rebuild the bones however one can easily prevent it from happening further. Following are some of the treatments that can help in preventing osteoporosis and make a person fit to a certain extent:

  1. Changes in the lifestyle of a person are very important. These include, not smoking and refraining from alcohol is very important for a person with osteoporosis to exercise regularly and take a healthy and balanced diet.
  2. A good amount of Vitamin D and calcium is required in the body. These can be consumed straight from certain foods or in the form of supplements.
  3. Medicines like alendronate, calcitonin, ibandronate and relaxofine can turn out to be extremely helpful if other conventional home cures do not pan out well.
  4. Exercising has a huge impact on the bones. It helps strengthen the muscles that support the bones in your body. Although exercise cannot bring back the bone’s density, however, it decreases your risk of falling since it improves the muscle balance.

What type of exercise might be best for osteoporosis has not been determined yet, however, your physiotherapist can help by assigning you certain exercises that can help you with your problem. Be careful of what you eat and drink and what activities you do. If you are sure that your muscles are too weak for you to be playing any kind of sport that might make it easier for you to get injured, you need to avoid them.

Consult a doctor to chalk out a good diet plan and an exercise or workout routine that is neither too exhausting nor very lenient. Other forms of therapy like yoga and stretching or even pilates if you are flexible enough, are great ways to treat osteoporosis.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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