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Hypothyroidism - All You Must Know!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Anchal Jain 88% (86 ratings)
MS - ENT, MBBS, FAGE
ENT Specialist, Jhansi  •  10 years experience
Hypothyroidism - All You Must Know!

Hypothyroidism refers to the underproduction of hormones in the thyroid gland. It has a wide range of symptoms. Thyroid hormones affect multiple organ systems, so the symptoms of hypothyroidism are wide-ranging and diverse.

The thyroid creates two thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (t3) and thyroxine (t4). These regulate metabolism, and they also affect the following functions:

  • Brain development
  • Breathing
  • Heart and nervous system functions
  • Body temperature
  • Muscle strength
  • Skin dryness
  • Menstrual cycles
  • Weight
  • Cholesterol levels

Symptoms of hypothyroidism commonly include, but are not limited to:

  • Fatigue
  • Weight gain
  • Cold intolerance
  • Slowed heart rate, movements, and speech
  • Joint and muscle pain, cramps, and weakness
  • Constipation
  • Dry skin
  • Thin, brittle hair or fingernails
  • Decreased sweating
  • Pins and needles
  • Heavy periods, or menorrhagia
  • Weakness
  • High cholesterol
  • Puffy face, feet, and hands
  • Insomnia
  • Balance and co-ordination issues
  • Loss of libido
  • Recurrent urinary and respiratory tract infections
  • Anemia
  • Depression

If left untreated, the following symptoms can manifest:

  • Hoarseness
  • Puffiness in the face
  • Thinned or missing eyebrows
  • Slow heart rate
  • Hearing loss

If it develops in children or teenagers, the signs and symptoms are generally the same as adults.

However, they may also experience:

  • Poor growth
  • Delayed development of teeth
  • Poor mental development
  • Delayed puberty

Hypothyroidism develops slowly. Symptoms may go unnoticed for a long time, and they may be vague and general.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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