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Amniocentesis: Its Importance And Why You Should Opt For It!

Written and reviewed by
Dr. Meenu Bansal 87% (10 ratings)
DGO, MBBS, FOGSI
Gynaecologist, Ahmedabad  •  23 years experience
Amniocentesis: Its Importance And Why You Should Opt For It!

With the advancements in medical science and technology, detecting abnormalities in fetus has become possible, which is indeed a boon for soon-to-be parents. During pregnancy, the fetus develops in an environment surrounded by a water-based fluid called the amniotic fluid. This fluid contains some substances such as live fetal cells and nutrients.

A medical analysis of this fluid can reveal valuable information regarding the health of the baby. This prenatal test is called amniocentesis. This process entails a trained medical professional inserting a needle into the uterus through the belly. The action allows the needle to collect a minimal amount of the amniotic fluid. In case you are wondering, whether the process is ideal for you or not, continue reading this article.

Who can benefit from this test?
Amniocentesis is ideal for women that already have a child with congenital disabilities such as Spina bifida or Down’s syndrome. The test can also be applied to women that are of 37 years or above in age and face risks of pregnancy complications. Apart from this, amniocentesis can be performed for other reasons. For instance, when the parents wish to know if their baby is with any metabolism or genetic abnormalities.

Are there any complications involved?
Amniocentesis is mostly a safe medical test, and the risk of any complications associated with it remain little. However, it is true that specific risks persist. For example, undergoing amniocentesis may cause a miscarriage or leakage of the amniotic fluid or an infection of the amniotic fluid. However, one must remember that these risks are infrequent and mostly depend on the health conditions of the patient.

What are the benefits?
Amniocentesis has some benefits to offer. This procedure is widely used in determining the presence of any genetic disorders or abnormalities. It is also used for fetal lung testing. This test also helps doctors to diagnose any fetal infections or any other illness. Sometimes, when too much of the amniotic fluid is accumulated during pregnancy, this test is performed to drain the excess liquid from the uterus.

Why should one opt for it?
This test is capable of identifying hundreds of genetic disorders. Therefore, mothers that stand at high risk of delivering babies with genetic abnormalities can benefit from this test. Also, this test is extremely helpful in finding whether the lungs of the baby have grown enough or the baby may require medical assistance after birth. Further, amniocentesis becomes a significant test when the delivery is performed on an emergency basis.
The test results can ensure that a baby does not have any chromosomal or genetic abnormalities. Abnormal results may mean that that the baby has a severe congenital deficiency or a genetic problem. No matter the outcome, women are advised to consult with their gynecologists. The doctors can guide the patients regarding the next best health practices and available treatments. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

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