Glaucoma is a group of eye diseases which result in damage to the optic nerve and vision loss. The most common type is open-angle glaucoma with less common types including closed-angle glaucoma and normal-tension glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma develops slowly over time and there is no pain. Side vision may begin to decrease followed by central vision resulting in blindness if not treated. Closed-angle glaucoma can present gradually or suddenly. The sudden presentation may involve severe eye pain, blurred vision, mid-dilated pupil, redness of the eye, and nausea. Vision loss from glaucoma, once it has occurred, is permanent.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Glaucoma is manned by checking the nerves of the eyes and a process called tonometry is done to check this progression.
HOW IS GLAUCOMA TREATED?
The treatment involves use of special eye drops or a laser surgery. There can also be a microsurgery for glaucoma.
DID YOU KNOW?
If an infant is born with this problem it can be corrected through surgery because the very cause of it is distorted drainage system.