The branch of dentistry that deals with the kids' dental care from the birth through adolescence is pediatric dentistry. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry and the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that the child should be taken for a dental checkup within six months after the child gets its first tooth or by the child's first birthday. This could help in the early detection of tooth decay that can be addressed to maintain oral health of the child. The dentists who are specialized in providing primary and comprehensive dental care treatment for infants, children, and adolescents are called pediatric dentists. These dentists have specialized equipment to treat children. The pediatric dental clinic's ambiance is designed keeping children in their mind. Pediatric dentistry treatment includes tooth extractions to remove decayed tooth, pulp therapy for infected blood vessels and nerves in teeth, treatment of cavities, dental cleaning, treatment of the fluoride effect on the teeth, and fitting stainless steel crowns to prevent further damage to the decayed back teeth. Orthodontics is dentofacial orthopedics, which deals with aligning improperly positioned teeth and jaw. These alignment problems, also called malocclusions, could lead to difficulty in speech, premature wear of enamel and the teeth. This may also increase the chances of injury to the jaw joints and teeth.Pediatric orthodontists are specialized dentists who treat several malocclusions in children. The dental orthodontists address and correct issues such as thumb sucking and tongue pushing which could affect the growth and development of the child's permanent teeth. They also try to reduce possible damage to the protruding teeth and improve the child's oral habits.
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