Urology is the branch of medicine which deals with the urinary tract in both males and females. However, it is worth note that urologists also deal with the male reproductive system. Even though some may call the specialists who treat problems in the male reproductive system as andrologists, it is worth note that andrologists are generally considered just a type of urologist. Many people also have the misconception that urology is a surgical specialty. This is not true because urologists also have to be trained in other fields such as internal medicine, pediatrics and even gynecology. Urology was once categorized as general surgery but after new treatments, obstructive uropathy was established and as such urologists and general surgeons became separate specialties. The organs associated with the male reproductive system as well as the urinary system tends to be very complicated and thus only a specialist is able to manage them. Due to this, there are many types of urologists. Urologists work alongside oncologists, urologists, gynecologists and other specialties to make sure that the best treatment is given to the patient. This is why there are various sub-specialties including endo-urologists, urological oncologists, neuroradiologists and many more. Common diseases which an urologist treats include BPH which stands for benign prostate hyperplasia, prostatitis, interstitial cystitis also known as painful bladder syndrome, an overactive bladder, erectile dysfunction, hematuria, urinary incontinence and more. Lybrate helps you connect with urologists in the vicinity of Pune. Lybrate helps you access its storehouse of medical resources so that you can seek effective treatments near Pune. So subscribe to Lybrate today to find urologists near Pune. Listed above are the top urologists in Pune.
A doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of kidney, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT UROLOGIST?
A urologist can be effective in treating bladder pain.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF UROLOGIST?
A urologist uses the method of cryotherapy (minimally invasive method) to treat renal tumors.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE UROLOGIST FOR
A urologist also specializes in treating prostate and bladder cancer.
DID YOU KNOW?
Smoking is associated with advanced kidney cancer.
Treatments For Kidney Stones
Treatment for Kidney stones varies depending on the size and type of the stone or the symptoms caused by it. In case of small stones, medication and simple changes in lifestyle can be enough to treat it, but surgeries and extensive treatments are required if symptoms are severe. Following are treatment options for kidney stones: Small stones with minimal symptoms 1. Drinking water Drinking around 3 liters of water a day will regulate your urinary system and can effectively eliminate small stones. Unless your doctor advices otherwise, drinking ample amount of fluids, usually water, is one of the commonest way to get rid of small kidney stones. 2. Pain relievers There might be a considerable amount of pain and discomfort associated with passing the stone through urine. Your doctor may recommend pain killers like Ibuprofen, Naproxen sodium or acetaminophen. 3. Medical therapy In order to eliminate the kidney stone, your doctor may administer medical therapy. Medication like alpha blocker helps in passing the kidney stone with least pain and more quickly. It relaxes the muscles in the ureter and makes the process relatively easy. Large stones with severe symptoms 1. Using sound waves to break up stones In this technique, a procedure called Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL), is employed. ESWL uses the help of sound waves to create vibrations which breaks the stones in smaller pieces. This procedure takes about an hour and can cause mild pain and discomfort. Your doctor may administer sedatives to reduce your sensitivity. ESWL has side effects like blood in urine or bruising in the abdomen. 2. Surgical removal of kidney stones Surgical removal of stones is done with the help of a procedure called nephrolithotomy. It uses small telescopes and other instruments which are inserted in your back through a small incision. It is generally done in case of large stones and when ESWL fails. 3. Ureteric Calculi (Using a scope to remove stones) A thin illuminated tube called ureteroscope is used to remove a comparatively smaller stone in the kidney or ureter. The ureteroscope is equipped with a tiny camera which determines the location of the stone which is then broken into pieces with the help of other instruments. It may require general or regional anesthesia.