Pediatrics is the division of medicine that is concerned with the care of young babies, children and adolescents. A medical professional who specialises in such a branch is called a pediatrician. The smaller and far more fragile body of an infant grows and matures very differently from that of an adult and therefore needs special, focused care. Genetic defects, congenital variance, developmental issues of infants and adolescents require greater attention from pediatrics than adult medical practitioners. All medicine and therapy that is suggested is all done by keeping the delicate physiology of the infant in mind.
A pediatrician is the first to examine your baby’s health status soon after it is discharged after its birth. If they feel that it needs specialised care, then they will coordinate with other specialised healthcare providers to do the same. A general pediatrician would treat all the typical infectious diseases that infants and children suffer from such as chicken pox, mumps, and measles. They could be treating from something as commonplace as a flu to a complicated condition such as cerebral palsy. Since children lack any communicative skills initially, pediatricians diagnose their problems based on visual and auditory cues. Apart from the basic medical care provided, pediatricians are in charge of monitoring the growth and development of the baby as it matures to an infant, adolescent and then a teenager. Therefore, they go a long way in making an impact on the future health of a child, and also to instill a sense of parental responsibility within parents.
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Pediatricians are medical professionals who specialize in treating health issues faced by babies and children.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT PEDIATRICIAN?
Diseases like asthma, cerebral palsy, down syndrome in a child are few of the problems treated by a pediatrician.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF PEDIATRICIAN?
A pediatrician is also in a position to collaborate and refer a child's case to a specialist if he sees the need to do so.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE PEDIATRICIAN FOR
Pediatricians are also capable of handling pediatric dermatological issues.
DID YOU KNOW?
A person on an average has to do undergo 11 years of medical schooling to be a certified pediatrician.
What Causes Whooping Cough in Children?
Whooping cough, also known as pertussis, is a highly communicable respiratory disease, which particularly affects babies younger than 6 months and who haven't been vaccinated yet. It can also affect children of 11 to 18 years of age who suffer from low immunity. If the diagnosis of a whooping cough is done at an early stage, antibiotics of suitable dosage could help cut down coughing and few other symptoms. Doing so will also help prevent the infection from spreading to others. What causes a whooping cough? 1. Bordetella pertussis bacteria A whooping cough, characterised by a 'whooping sound', is caused by a bacterial infection called bordetella pertussis. The bacteria when inhaled get attached to the lining of the airways in your child's upper respiratory system, wherein they release toxins to cause swelling and inflammation. It's mostly transmitted to you from your infant, especially when he/she is in the early stages of the infection and hasn't been diagnosed yet. It can last about three weeks, this duration is reducible to five days, by antibiotic treatment. 2. Transmission from an infected person When anyone infected with the disease sneezes or coughs, the droplets in the surrounding become infected. Young children who come in contact with the contaminated surrounding may get infected by the same bacteria. How to recognise the signs of whooping cough? The symptoms tend to worsen gradually and become worse at night, there are bouts of a cough as the airway gets irritated by the bacterial toxin leading to swelling and inflammation and mucus production with airway spasm. You know that your child has this condition if he/she displays the following symptoms: mild coughing low fever sneezing runny nose Moreover, children under 18 months of age affected with whooping cough should be watched at carefully as persistent coughing can disrupt their breathing process. Young babies with severe conditions may even need hospital care.