Prosthetics is the art and science of developing artificial replacements for body parts. Depending on the type of prosthesis, prosthetics may be built and fitted/implanted in a hospital (as in the case of an artificial knee joint) or by an outside specialist. Prosthetic amputee rehabilitation is primarily coordinated by a prosthetics and an inter-disciplinary team of health care professionals including dentists, psychiatrists, surgeons, physical therapists, and occupational therapists. Prosthesis is designed for functional or cosmetic reasons or both. Typical prostheses for joints are the hip, knee, elbow, ankle, and finger joints. Prosthetic implants can be parts of the joint such as a unilateral knee. Joint replacement and arthroplasty mean the same thing. Prosthesis may be removable, as in the case of most prosthetic legs or a prosthetic breast form used after mastectomy. A person who uses a removable prosthesis, for example, an artificial hand, may want to have more than one available for different types of tasks. Other types of prosthetic devices are permanently implanted, like an artificial hip, testicle or prosthetic teeth. A transradial prosthesis treatment is an artificial limb that replaces an arm missing below the elbow. Two main types of prosthetic limbs that are available are cable operated limbs that work by attaching a harness and cable around the opposite shoulder of the damaged arm. The other form of prosthetics available is myoelectric arms.
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