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SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES
Swollen Lymph Nodes usually occur due to exposure to bacteria or virus. Swollen lymph nodes caused by an infection are called lymphadenitis. Lymphatic system is made up of a network or organs, vessels and numerous lymph nodes. Most of the lymph nodes are located in neck and head region. Symptoms of Swollen Lymph Nodes are:
• Tender and painful lymph nodes
• Runny nose, sore throat, fever
• Hardened, fixed and rapidly growing nodes
• Night sweats
HOW IS SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a physical examination and ask about medical history and symptoms. The following tests may be done:
• Blood tests, including liver function tests, kidney function tests, and CBC with differential
• Lymph node biopsy
• Chest x-ray
• Liver-spleen scan
HOW IS SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES TREATED?
Swollen Lymph Nodes that are due to a virus usually return back to normal after the infection goes off. If the swelling is due to an immune system disorder, then the underlying condition needs to be treated
DID YOU KNOW?
If infection is the cause of swollen lymph nodes and isn't treated, these complications might occur:
Abscess formation. An abscess is a localized collection of pus caused by an infection. Pus contains fluid, white blood cells, dead tissue and bacteria or other invaders. An abscess may require drainage and antibiotic treatment. An abscess may cause significant damage if it involves a vital organ.
Bloodstream infection (bacteremia). A bacterial infection anywhere in your body can progress to sepsis, caused by an overwhelming infection of the bloodstream. Sepsis may result in organ failure and death. Treatment involves hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics.