Schizophrenia is a mental disorder in which a person showcases abnormal social behavior. The patient also fails to understand the difference between what is real and what is not . Some of the common symptoms of Schizophrenia include false beliefs, unclear or confused thinking, hearing voices, reduced social engagement and a lack of motivation. It can also be characterised by delusions and hallucinations.
HOW IS SCHIZOPHRENIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Schizophrenia is based on specific symptoms and observation of the behavior of the patient. The psychiatrist evaluates the medical and psychiatric history of the patient. Other tests include blood tests, imaging studies and psychological examination. Diagnosis of Schizophrenia is based on the criteria outlined in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of mental Disorders.
HOW IS SCHIZOPHRENIA TREATED?
Types of treatments that help a person with schizophrenia include:
• Case management helps people access services, financial assistance, treatment and other resources.
• Psychosocial Rehabilitation Programs are programs that help people regain skills such as: employment, cooking, cleaning, budgeting, shopping, socializing, problem solving, and stress management.
• Self-help groups provide ongoing support and information to persons with serious mental illness by individuals who experience mental illness themselves.
• Drop-in centers are places where individuals with mental illness can socialize and/or receive informal support and services on an as-needed basis.
• Housing programs offer a range of support and supervision from 24 hour supervised living to drop-in support as needed.
• Employment programs assist individuals in finding employment and/or gaining the skills necessary to re-enter the workforce.
• Therapy/Counseling includes different forms of “talk”therapy, both individual and group, that can help both the patient and family members to better understand the illness and share their concerns.
• Crisis Services include 24 hour hotlines, after hours counseling, residential placement and in-patient hospitalization.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are five different types schizophrenia namely paranoid schizophrenia, disorganized schizophrenia, catatonic schizophrenia, undifferentiated schizophrenia and residual schizophrenia.