Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in people. The most common forms are cutaneous leishmaniasis, which causes skin sores and visceral leishmaniasis, which affects several internal organs (usually spleen, liver and bone marrow). Symptoms of cutaneous leishmaniasis depend on where the lesions are located and may include:
• Breathing difficulty
• Skin sores, which may become a skin ulcer that heals very slowly
• Stuffy nose, runny nose and nosebleeds
• Swallowing difficulty
• Ulcers and wearing away (erosion) in the mouth, tongue, gums, lips, nose and inner nose
HOW IS LEISHMANIASIS DIAGNOSED?
A blood test and bone or skin biopsy are the procedures used to diagnose this disease.
HOW IS LEISHMANIASIS TREATED?
While medication can provide relief from this disease, treatment is very important to heal this disease. However, the only way to prevent Leishmaniasis is to avoid getting bitten by a sandfly.
DID YOU KNOW?
The symptoms of this disease would usually not appear for a long period of time sometimes even after years of infection.