Glioma is a type of tumor that occurs in the brain and spinal cord. Gliomas begin in the gluey supportive cells (glial cells) that surround nerve cells and help them function. Three types of glial cells can produce tumors. Gliomas are classified according to the type of glial cell involved in the tumor.Types of glioma include:
Common signs and symptoms of gliomas include:
• Nausea or vomiting
• Confusion or a decline in brain function
• Memory loss
• Personality changes or irritability
• Difficulty with balance
• Urinary incontinence
• Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision
• Speech difficulties
• Seizures, especially in someone without a history of seizures
HOW IS GLIOMA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is done with the help of imaging tests like X rays, PET scans, CT scans and MRI scans as well as a neurological exam that will study the coordination, reflexes and sense of balance and strength in that specific part of the brain.
HOW IS GLIOMA TREATED?
An oncologist may prescribe steroids to reduce swelling and relieve pressure on affected areas of the brain. Antiepileptic drugs may be used to control seizures. In extreme cases surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, targeted drug therapy and rehabilitation is considered as means of treatment.
DID YOU KNOW?
If not treated on time or diagnosed late, Glioma can be a fatal issue leading to permanent brain damage, causing respiratory and multiple organ failure too.