Esophageal Cancer is a type of cancer that happens in the oesophagus area as the name suggests. It usually starts in this hollow tube and spreads rapidly to other regions. Excessive trouble in swallowing food accompanied with weight loss, cough and chest pain are common symptoms.
HOW IS ESOPHAGEAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Oncologists consider all your symptoms and evaluate your medical history. He or she may order for an endoscopy of the esophagus for finding out the cause of pain. Biopsy of the esophageal tissue may confirm diagnosis.
HOW IS ESOPHAGEAL CANCER TREATED?
Treatment of Esophageal Cancer depends on the stage i.e. 1, 2, 3 and 4. Surgery is usually suggested if the cancer is spread to a small area and the tumour is taken out. In some cases, part of the pipe may also be taken out followed with chemotherapy and radiation.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are five stages of esophageal cancer (stages 0 to IV), with 0 being the least invasive and IV the most aggressive with spread to distant organs. Risk factors for are age 65 or greater, male sex, smoking, heavy drinking, a diet poor in fruits and vegetables, obesity, acid reflux, and Barrett's esophagus.