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Cerebral infarctions refer to a type of strokes that are generally ishchemic in nature. These occur due to a blockage in the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain. It can also occur when a leakage happens in these blood vessel walls.
HOW IS CEREBRAL INFARCTION DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is done by a neurosurgeon who will conduct an MRI Scan and CT Scan to check for swelling and bleeding in the brain. These scans also show excess fluid retention in the brain and the blood vessels which can lead to this condition. An angiogram can also help in diagnosis.
HOW IS CEREBRAL INFARCTION TREATED?
Intravenous rtPA therapy is usually used by the neurosurgeon to treat this condition. Also, the doctor may prescribe thrombolytic drugs. Further, stents and angioplasty have also emerged as possible treatments for this condition. A carotid endarterectomy can also help in decreasing the risk of infractions by surgically removing the stenosis.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cerebral infarctions vary in severity, with one third of the cases resulting in death.