Bronchitis is a respiratory infection in which the mucus membranes present in the bronchial passages gets inflamed. The inflamed membrane swells and grows thicker, thereby, narrowing and shutting down airway passages. Symptoms are cough, chest pain, shortness of breath, fatigue, soreness, headache and fever.
HOW IS BRONCHITIS DIAGNOSED?
Acute bronchitis is diagnosed by the patient's history, physical exam, and possibly procedures or tests. The tests that are involved in the diagnosis are sputum cytology, throat cultures, influenza tests, chest X-rays, blood gas, procalcitonin levels and even bronchoscopy.
HOW IS BRONCHITIS TREATED?
Antibiotics and medication for treating excessive coughing may be recommended by the pulmonology specialist. Oxygen therapy and pulmonary rehabilitation program can also help in treating this condition. Further, the use of breathing exercises and a humidifier as well as complete abstinence from smoking can help in effective treatment also.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pulmonary rehabilitation may be prescribed for chronic bronchitis.