Ascariasis is an infection of the small intestine caused by a species of roundworm and ascaris lumbricoides. Roundworms are a type of parasitic worms. If roundworms affect your lungs you may have coughing or gagging, vomiting roundworms and wheezing or shortness of breath. Intestinal roundworms cause nausea, irregular stools, vomiting, abdominal pain, weight loss and visible worms in the stools.
HOW IS ASCARIASIS DIAGNOSED?
The gastroenterologist will conduct blood and stool tests after listening to all your symptoms. Also, the specialist may carry out X rays of the abdomen as well as imaging to see the how far the roundworms have spread, where exactly they are located, how much they have grown and other such factors.
HOW IS ASCARIASIS TREATED?
A very large infestation will need surgery. For most other cases that are not as severe, the gastroenterologist can prescribe medicines like albendazole, ivermectin and mebendazole. The patient may also be kept on a liquid diet for very severe cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
The best way to prevent Ascariasis is to maintain hygiene and sanitation with improved access to toilets and proper disposal of feces. Washing hand properly with soap is another protective measure.