Zonisamide is used in the treatment of seizures. It works by decreasing abnormal electrical activity in the brain, thus helping stop seizures.
Do not use Zonisamide if you are allergic to any of the ingredients present in it, or if you are pregnant and/or breastfeeding. Before using Zonisamide tell your doctor if you are using any prescription drugs, non-prescription drugs, or other herbal and dietary pills and supplements, or if you have recently had any surgeries, or have any upcoming surgeries scheduled. Also let your doctor know your history of medical problems, pre-existing diseases and current health conditions.
Zonisamide should be taken in doses prescribed by the doctor. Dosage depends on conditions such as medical condition, diet, age, and counteraction with other medicines.
Possible side effects of Zonisamide include confusion, depression, irritability, poor muscle coordination, and decrease in bicarbonate levels in the blood. Generally, these side effects should go away on their own after a limited period of time. In case the side effects fail to go away, you need to consult your doctor immediately. If you experience side effects other than the ones listed above, you need to contact your doctor for immediate medical assistance.
The primary aim of the treatment in patients suffering from seizure is leasing a seizure-free life without giving way to any adverse effects. This goal can be accomplished in over 60 percent people with the help of anticonvulsants. Some patients also experience adverse effects since they suffer from a seizure which is refractory to medical therapy. Here are some of the common treatment options for seizures:
Importance of anticonvulsant therapy
Patients who have had already suffered from recurrent attacks of unprovoked seizure may need treatment with an anticonvulsant. This treatment is not recommended until the person has risk factors for suffering from the problem yet again. The primary means of treating seizure is anticonvulsant therapy where the most suitable drug is chosen based on accurate diagnosis of the syndrome as a response to specific anticonvulsants may vary from one patient to another. The difference in response may reflect the various pathophysiologic mechanisms in different types of seizures.
Types of anticonvulsant therapy
Some of the anticonvulsant therapy medication may have multiple action mechanism while some have an only single mechanism of action. Some of the most common variants of the therapy include:
Even though there are so many types of drugs available, all of them cannot be used for the treatment of seizures. Doctors would evaluate the condition thoroughly before prescribing a medication that can be helpful in reducing the severity of the condition.
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