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Protease

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor not required

Protease is an enzyme that causes proteolysis which means the breakdown of proteins into amino acids. Protease inhibitors are artificial drugs that block the action of HIV-1 protease that splits protein into smaller fragments. This division is needed for growth of viruses and their replication. Tissue plasminogen activator has been historically used in the treatment of ischemic stroke. Also it has an active role in removal of dead or damaged cells and tissues from wound and thereby accelerating healing. This is called wound debridement. Protease is also used in enzyme therapies such as the panchreatic enzyme replacement therapy. A particular type of protease derived from pineapple stem tissue is also used for its anti-inflammatory properties.

Side effects of drugs with Protease may include diarrhea, nausea, rash, vomiting, stomach pain, fever, headache, liver disorders, diabetes acceleration, abnormal cardiac function and similar other symptoms.

As there are both Protease inhibitors and Protease accelerators for either the purpose of stopping the spread of viruses in the body or to increase the breakdown of protein, the side effects vary according to which kind of medicine is administered. This drug should be consumed under the surveillance and supervision of an expert medical professional.

Information given here is based on the salt and content of the medicine. Effect and uses of medicine may vary from person to person. It is advicable to consult a Gastroenterologist before using this medicine.

pancreatitis

In addition to its intended effect, Protease may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.

Abdominal bloating.

Is It safe with alcohol?

Interaction with alcohol is unknown. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any pregnancy warnings?

Proteaz 1% w/w tablet may be unsafe to use during pregnancy.
Animal studies have shown adverse effects on the foetus, however, there are limited human studies. The benefits from use in pregnant women may be acceptable despite the risk. Please consult your doctor.

Are there any breast-feeding warnings?

Unknown. Human and animal studies are not available. Please consult your doctor.

Is it safe to drive while on this medicine?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.

Does this affect kidney function?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.

Does this affect liver function?

There is no data available. Please consult doctor before consuming the drug.

Are there any missed dose instructions?

If you miss a dose of Protease, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular schedule. Do not double the dose.
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Protease as ingredient
Nexgen Healthcare Pvt Ltd
Protease works on the peptide bonds in the proteins. Trypsin and chymotrypsin are the two components of protease.Chymotrypsin works in hydrophobic remnants like tryptophan, tyrosine and phenylalanine, and, trypin works on lysine and arginine remnants. Both these components posit a catalytic site in the S1 binding pocket.
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you"re at risk of a drug interaction.

Interaction with Medicine

Forxiga 5Mg Tablet

Forxiga 10Mg Tablet

Apidra 100Iu Cartridge 3Ml

What are you using Protease for?
Other
pancreatitis
Indigestion
How much was the improvement?
Poor
How long did it take before seeing improvement?
Within 2 days
How frequently did you take this medicine?
Four times A Day
How did you take this medicine?
With or without food
What were the side effects of this medicine?
Abdominal bloating
Disclaimer: The information produced here is best of our knowledge and experience and we have tried our best to make it as accurate and up-to-date as possible, but we would like to request that it should not be treated as a substitute for professional advice, diagnosis or treatment.

Lybrate is a medium to provide our audience with the common information on medicines and does not guarantee its accuracy or exhaustiveness. Even if there is no mention of a warning for any drug or combination, it never means that we are claiming that the drug or combination is safe for consumption without any proper consultation with an expert.

Lybrate does not take responsibility for any aspect of medicines or treatments. If you have any doubts about your medication, we strongly recommend you to see a doctor immediately.

Popular Questions & Answers

I have histamine intolerance and due to this I have chronic urticaria and indigestion with gas trouble. After lunch I feel heavy and feel like digestion is very slow. I tried many medicines including anti histamines but it gave me temporary relief for urticaria and no relief for indigestion and bloating. Then I started taking Wow antibiotics which gave me relief from urticaria to a great extent. But I still have a problem of slow digestion and feel gassy as well as get headache. When gas is released I fell better and headache is gone. I also take digestive enzymes analyse, Lipase, Triptase and Protease but not giving me relief. Now I am thinking of adding Alfa galactosidase, Phytase, Invertase etc. Will it help? . Please advise.

MBBS
General Physician, Jalgaon
I have histamine intolerance and due to this I have chronic urticaria and indigestion with gas trouble. After lunch I...
Please don't worry so much start doing regular yoga and pranayam avoid oily spicy and fast food avoid rice take salads and fruits more keep your stomach slightly empty always avoid constipation to develop avoid maida containing items like biscuits toast bread khari etc take cap trikatu by himalaya 2 cap per day after food once a day cap triphala by himalaya 1 1 tab ebasil 15 1 at nt tab zentel 1 1 please reconsult on lybrate after 15 days, we will think about panchkarma for you.

What is the symptoms of aids and what medicine should be good for that. Please help me.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
What is the symptoms of aids and what medicine should be good for that. Please help me.
Some people may experience a flu-like illness within 2-4 weeks after HIV infection. But some people may not feel sick during this stage. Flu-like symptoms can include: Fever Chills Rash Night sweats Muscle aches Sore throat Fatigue Swollen lymph nodes Mouth ulcers These symptoms can last anywhere from a few days to several weeks. During this time, HIV infection may not show up on an HIV test, but people who have it are highly infectious and can spread the infection to others. You should not assume you have HIV just because you have any of these symptoms. Each of these symptoms can be caused by other illnesses. And some people who have HIV do not show any symptoms at all for 10 years or more. If you think you may have been exposed to HIV, get an HIV test. Most HIV tests detect antibodies (proteins your body makes as a reaction against the presence of HIV), not HIV itself. But it takes a few weeks for your body to produce these antibodies, so if you test too early, you might not get an accurate test result. A new HIV test is available that can detect HIV directly during this early stage of infection. So be sure to let your testing site know if you think you may have been recently infected with HIV. After you get tested, it’s important to find out the result of your test so you can talk to your health care provider about treatment options if you’re HIV-positive or learn ways to prevent getting HIV if you’re HIV-negative. HIV is treated using a combination of medicines to fight HIV infection. This is called antiretroviral therapy (ART). ART isn’t a cure, but it can control the virus so that you can live a longer, healthier life and reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to others. ART involves taking a combination of HIV medicines (called an HIV regimen) every day, exactly as prescribed. These HIV medicines prevent HIV from multiplying (making copies of itself), which reduces the amount of HIV in your body. Having less HIV in your body gives your immune system a chance to recover and fight off infections and cancers. Even though there is still some HIV in the body, the immune system is strong enough to fight off infections and cancers. By reducing the amount of HIV in your body, HIV medicines also reduce the risk of transmitting the virus to others. ART is recommended for all people with HIV, regardless of how long they’ve had the virus or how healthy they are. If left untreated, HIV will attack the immune system and eventually progress to AIDS. HIV DRUG CLASSES HIV medicines are grouped into six drug classes according to how they fight HIV. The six drug classes are: Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) Protease inhibitors (PIs) Fusion inhibitors CCR5 antagonists (CCR5s) (also called entry inhibitors) Integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) The six drug classes include more than 25 HIV medicines that are approved to treat HIV infection. Some HIV medicines are available in combination (in other words, two or more different HIV medicines are combined in one pill.)

Dear sir, I got stroke two years ago. One was on 29.04.14 (thalamic infarct) and the other was on 7.10.14 (cerebral infarct). Now, can I term those two as two separate strokes. I do not have hypertension, no cholesterol, nothing of any sort. Doctor has quoted me saying Antithrombin III deficiency. Now, I want to know whether there is any cure as I have fear of recurrence. Kindly guide me.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician, Alappuzha
Dear sir, I got stroke two years ago. One was on 29.04.14 (thalamic infarct) and the other was on 7.10.14 (cerebral i...
Antithrombin III (ATIII) is a nonvitamin K-dependent protease that inhibits coagulation by lysing thrombin and factor Xa. Antithrombin III activity is markedly potentiated by heparin, the principal mechanism by which both heparin and low molecular weight heparin result in anticoagulation. Congenital antithrombin III deficiency is an autosomal dominant disorder in which an individual inherits one copy of the SERPINC1 (also called AT3) gene on chromosome 1q25. 1, which encodes antithrombin III. This condition leads to increased risk of venous and arterial thrombosis, with an onset of clinical manifestations typically appearing in young adulthood. This form is most commonly diagnosed during childhood by screening after an affected family member has been identified or after a child has had a thrombotic event. Severe congenital antithrombin III deficiency, in which the individual inherits 2 defective genes, is a rare autosomal recessive condition associated with increased thrombogenesis, typically noted in the neonatal period or early infancy. This condition is rarely compatible with life. Most neonates have heterozygous antithrombin III deficiency. Acquired antithrombin III deficiency is a deficiency of antithrombin primarily due to consumption. It is observed in situations in which activation of the coagulation system is abnormal. Common conditions that result in acquired antithrombin III deficiency include disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), microangiopathic hemolytic anemias due to endothelial damage (ie, hemolytic-uremic syndrome), and venoocclusive disease (VOD) in patients undergoing bone marrow transplantation. Replacement of antithrombin in neonates with antithrombin III deficiency to treat lung disease has been studied and found to have no benefit. Antithrombin infusion in otherwise asymptomatic neonates found to be deficient is not recommended. Enoxaparin (Lovenox), a low molecular weight heparin (LMWH), is frequently used to prevent thrombi as well as to prevent thrombi that have already occurred from propagating. In antithrombin III deficiency, the activity of LMWH is not as reliable as in an otherwise healthy person. Careful monitoring of the anti-Xa activity in the patient should be performed. Consider alternative anticoagulation medications (eg, warfarin) because the effectiveness of LMWH is likely reduced. Once a patient with congenital antithrombin III deficiency has developed thrombosis, anticoagulation is more strongly indicated. Replacement with recombinant antithrombin is not indicated for the treatment of thrombi. Warfarin (Coumadin) is the principal anticoagulant used. This vitamin K antagonist is administered at a dose to maintain an international normal ratio (INR) on PT of 1.5-2.5. Initially, therapy with LMWH or standard heparin may be administered to decrease the risk of warfarin-associated thrombosis (warfarin-induced skin necrosis) resulting from the inhibition of protein C production, which may occur before inhibition of the synthesis of vitamin K–dependent procoagulant factors (II, VII, IX, X) is reduced adequately for anticoagulation.
1 person found this helpful

What is the life time of HIV person. Please explain stage of HIV infected person based on given report TC: 9900 cells/cumm DC polymorph: 60% lymphocytes: 30% eosinophills: 08% HB: 70%(0.2grams) ESR: 21 mm/ 1hr HIV test (TRIDOT): positive HIV 1: positive HIV 2: negative.

MD-PhD, FIPS, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), DPM, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Bangalore
The aim of HIV treatment HIV is a virus that attacks the body?s defence against infection and illness ? the immune system. you can take drugs to reduce... Talk to your doctor Taking antiretroviral therapy is a long-term commitment. At present, once you start the drugs, you are likely to be on them for the rest of your life.... How anti-HIV drugs are dispensed You will get a prescription for your HIV treatment, when you attend your regular HIV clinic appointment, which you take to either the specialist HIV pharmacy (in... Generic medicines Pharmaceutical drugs are given several names: A research name based on its chemical make-up or manufacturer, e.g. DMP266. A generic name which is the chemical name of the... Types of antiretroviral drugs There are six main types (?classes?) of antiretroviral drugs: Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), and nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NtRTIs), which target an HIV protein called reverse transcriptase. These are often... Single-tablet regimens There are now fixed-dose pills that combine three anti-HIV drugs, from more than one class of drug. These allow many people to take their HIV treatment in... Nucleoside/nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs/NtRTIs) Most people now take these drugs in a fixed-dose pill that combines a number of drugs. These combination pills are listed first and there are also separate... Integrase inhibitors Names: Dolutegravir, Tivicay Dose: One yellow 50mg tablet once a day. Dolutegravir should be taken twice a day if taken with efavirenz, nevirapine or tipranavir, or for HIV... Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) Names: Efavirenz, Sustiva Approved dosage: Efavirenz is available as a generic drug, so its appearance will depend on which type your clinic buys. Efavirenz typically comes as 600mg... Protease inhibitors (PIs) Most protease inhibitors are prescribed with another drug (also a protease inhibitor) called ritonavir. Ritonavir is used to boost the effects of the other protease inhibitor in... CCR5 inhibitors Names: Maraviroc, Celsentri Approved dosage: The dose of maraviroc is dependent on the other anti-HIV drugs you take. Your HIV doctor or pharmacist will talk to you... Fusion inhibitors There is currently one drug in the fusion inhibitor class, called enfuvirtide (T-20, Fuzeon). This is now only prescribed in very rare and specific circumstances. Anyone on... Summary Combination HIV treatment prevents HIV from damaging your immune system, and so prevents ill health and prolongs...
19 people found this helpful

Dear Sir/Madam, My son is 3.10 year old, weight 13 kg. He get rashes in the joints (underarm, hand and leg joints), which often turn into a dark patch. We consulted a skin specialist who told us that it is an Aotopy and suggested medicines Cetaphil Moisturizing Lotion (entire body) and Lutica-Fluticasone Cream IP 0.05% w/w 10gm (small quantity to be applied on the rashes) everyday. However, this give a temporary solution on rashes, when we stop Lutica cream those rashes comes again. We have even started homeopathy treatment but don't see much results. We also did his blood test IgE 984.00. So I wanted to check if this is a right treatment or so I do anything else?

MRCPCH (London), DNB Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Mumbai
After reading history and analysing medications given by Skin specialist it seems that your child is having eczema. This is type of allergic condition of the skin which makes skin dry, rough and pigmented with the time. Child usually out grows of it by age of 6 years. There is no any particular medicine to cure allergy. The first line of treatment is applying moisturizer creams and when it is not controlled by alone moisturizer creams then low potency steroid creams like fluticasone needs to be applied daily till it comes under control. Rashes are usually seen more during winter season. You can keep allergy under control but can't cure it. Raised IgE level proves that there is no alternate diagnosis.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

HIV - Understanding Its Relation With Tuberculosis!

MBBS, PGDHS,PGDHIVM
General Physician, Nalgonda
HIV - Understanding Its Relation With Tuberculosis!

HIV and tuberculosis (TB) are two life-threatening and common diseases in the world. The two diseases are very closely connected so much so that their occurrence is normally labeled as a co-epidemic. In most cases tuberculosis is found to be the most transmissible contagion in HIV-Immunocompromised victims, proving to be the cause of their death.

What is HIV?
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, more commonly known by its abbreviation HIV, is a virus that attacks the immune system, which is the body's natural defense against illnesses. The virus terminates a kind of white blood cells (WBCs) in the immune system known as the T-helper cell also known as CD4 cells. This virus then proceeds to duplicate itself within these cells.

As HIV reduces the T-helper cells, by duplicating at an increasing rate, it slowly breaks down the patient’s immune system. This leaves the individual susceptible to other deadly diseases such as tuberculosis. HIV infection is a permanent disease with three phases of progression. HIV medications can reduce or stop the evolution of the disease from one phase to another. The treatment can also decrease the chances of spreading HIV to other people.

What is tuberculosis (TB)
Tuberculosis is a transmittable disease triggered by the presence of bacterium known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is still considered a deadly disease in most developing countries where treatment is scarce. Generally, TB affects the lungs but it can also affect other parts of the body. Symptoms include – coughing with blood, fever, night sweats and loss of weight.

The relation between TB and HIV
In second world countries, most patients infected with HIV suffer from TB as the initial indicator of AIDS. Tuberculosis can occur at any phase of the HIV infection. The danger and severity of tuberculosis rises rapidly after infection with HIV. Even though tuberculosis can be a fairly primary indicator of HIV infection, it is imperative to observe that the risk of tuberculosis increases as the CD4 cell count reduces along with the progression of the HIV infection.

Treatment
Positive treatment for TB usually entails 6 months of rigorous therapy. HIV patients with TB usually respond well to this therapy, if the regimen comprises INH and a rifamycin for the period of TB therapy and cure. TB generally reappears when the immune system is unable to respond to stop the development of mycobacteria. The cytokine IFN-γ plays a key role in the response of the immune system all through the contagion.
HIV and TB infections area two-directional communication of the two pathogens. TB is one of the main causes of disease and fatality among patients with HIV in Africa and other severely affected regions. With almost a 50% kill rate around the world, raising awareness about this disease and consulting doctors when signs or symptoms appear is vital in reducing the extent of this epidemic.

Rifampicin- HIV treatment are complicated by the fact that one of the key drugs used in TB treatment, rifampicin, reduces blood levels of nevirapine (Viramune) by 30 to 55% and also reduces levels of most protease inhibitors.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3085 people found this helpful

HIV/AIDS - Are Medicines Effective Enough?

MD - Consultant Physician
General Physician, Jharsuguda
HIV/AIDS - Are Medicines Effective Enough?

Sadly, there is no known cure for HIV. However, it can be controlled through medication. HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus attacks the body's immune system and over time leaves it vulnerable to a number of other diseases. In its most advanced stages, it can lead to AIDS. Hence, it is essential to control this virus in its early stages.

HIV treatment is known as Antiretroviral therapy or ART. This involves taking a series of HIV medicines on a daily basis. ART can help HIV patients live a longer, healthier life and can also reduce the risk of HIV transmission.

The first step towards getting treated for HIV is to get tested. This can be easily done at your nearest health center and the results will be kept confidential. With HIV prevention is better than cure and hence, if you have more than one sexual partner, you must insist on them getting tested as well.

As soon as you test positive for the virus, start the treatment. Do not wait till you start feeling sick. ART can be taken by anyone at any stage of the condition. If you are pregnant, breast feeding or have been diagnosed with early HIV infection, this is all the more important.

HIV medication works by preventing the HIV cells from multiplying and thus reduces the amount of HIV cells in the body. A low level of HIV cells gives the immune system a chance to recover and strengthen itself. A lowered HIV count also reduces chances of transferring the virus to another person.

ART involves following a regimen of a number of medicines. There are 25 HIV medicines that can be grouped under six drug classes depending on how they affect HIV cells. These include:

1. Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
2. Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
3. Protease Inhibitors
4. Fusion And Entry Inhibitors
5. Pharmacokinetic Enhancers And
6. Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors

Usually, a person is prescribed 3-4 HIV medicines from a minimum of 2 drug classes. A number of factors go into deciding what form of HIV treatment is most suitable to a patient. This includes the person's individual needs, symptoms presented, potential drug interactions and possible side effects. Convenience of following the regimen and costs are also taken into account while prescribing a form of treatment to a HIV patient.

Once treatment is started, ART can be proven to be effective within 3-6 months by lowering the number of HIV cells in the body.

8 people found this helpful

10 Must Have Fruits For Good Health!

Post Graduate Diploma in Holistic Healthcare, PG Diploma Clinical research, Diploma in Medical Writing, MSc Biotechnology
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Bangalore
10 Must Have Fruits For Good Health!

Fruits are a superfood category of their own. They are the powerhouse of minerals, vitamins and antioxidants and an excellent contribution to your diet. Here are ten fruits you should be eating daily:

  1. Apples: There is a reason why an apple a day keeps the doctor away. Apples are filled with antioxidants, soluble and insoluble fibre and quercetin. Antioxidants boost your immunity and the fibre provides you with energy and maintains a healthy bowel, while quercetin has anti-allergy and antihistamine (compounds which curb the effects of histamine, primarily used to treat allergies) properties.
  2. Grapes: Grapes contain an antioxidant named resveratrol, which prevents heart diseases and premature aging of your cells. In addition, they are also great sources of folate and vitamin B6, C and A which contribute to a healthier immune system.
  3. Bananas: Bananas have low sodium and high potassium levels. Thus, they are extremely beneficial in maintaining blood pressure and preventing strokes. Bananas also contain protease inhibitors, which prevent stomach ulcers (protease is a digestive enzyme that produces acid).
  4. Strawberries: Strawberries might be small, but they do pack a lot of nutrients! A handful of strawberries daily can prevent diabetes type 2, inflammations and heart disease. They are also rich in antioxidants and vitamin C.
  5. PapayaPapayas contain a substance called ‘papain’ which is an incredible digestive stimulant. They also contain large amounts of folate, which helps in proper DNA repair and synthesis.
  6. Oranges: Oranges provide you with vitamin C and potassium, which are essential for enhanced muscle and digestive functions. The membrane between orange segments contains hesperidin, which has been proven to reduce cholesterol.
  7. KiwiKiwi contains more vitamin C than oranges which grants them the ability to prevent DNA damage and also helps reduce risks of developing cataracts.
  8. Blueberries: Blueberries are a great source of antioxidants which aid in fighting cancer and macular degeneration (an eye disease which results in vision loss). They also contain compounds that protect you from urinary tract infections.
  9. Lemon: Lemons contain citric acid, which effectively lowers cholesterol and cuts down on body fat. Citric acid is also an excellent digestive stimulant. Also, the refreshing scent of lemons reduces anxiety, nervousness and fatigue.
  10. Grapefruit: Grapefruit is an excellent appetite suppressant, which cuts down on your cravings. It also contains a soluble fibre named ‘pectin’, which lessens the development of atherosclerosis (build-up of cholesterol and fats on the walls of the artery). However, refrain from consuming grapefruit if you are on prescription medications.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

6443 people found this helpful

HIV/AIDS - How To Fight With Drugs?

CCEBDM, PG Diploma In Clinical Cardiology, MBBS
General Physician, Ghaziabad
HIV/AIDS - How To Fight With Drugs?

Sadly, there is no known cure for HIV. However, it can be controlled through medication. HIV or the Human Immunodeficiency Virus attacks the body's immune system and over time leaves it vulnerable to a number of other diseases. In its most advanced stages, it can lead to AIDS. Hence, it is essential to control this virus in its early stages.

HIV treatment is known as Antiretroviral therapy or ART. This involves taking a series of HIV medicines on a daily basis. ART can help HIV patients live a longer, healthier life and can also reduce the risk of HIV transmission.

The first step towards getting treated for HIV is to get tested. This can be easily done at your nearest health center and the results will be kept confidential. With HIV prevention is better than cure and hence, if you have more than one sexual partner, you must insist on them getting tested as well.

As soon as you test positive for the virus, start the treatment. Do not wait till you start feeling sick. ART can be taken by anyone at any stage of the condition. If you are pregnant, breast feeding or have been diagnosed with early HIV infection, this is all the more important.

HIV medication works by preventing the HIV cells from multiplying and thus, reduces the amount of HIV cells in the body. A low level of HIV cells gives the immune system a chance to recover and strengthen itself. A lowered HIV count also reduces chances of transferring the virus to another person.

ART involves following a regimen of a number of medicines. There are 25 HIV medicines that can be grouped under six drug classes depending on how they affect HIV cells. These include:

1. Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
2. Non-Nucleoside Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
3. Protease Inhibitors
4. Fusion And Entry Inhibitors
5. Pharmacokinetic Enhancers And
6. Integrase Strand Transfer Inhibitors

Usually, a person is prescribed 3-4 HIV medicines from a minimum of 2 drug classes. A number of factors go into deciding what form of HIV treatment is most suitable to a patient. This includes the person's individual needs, symptoms presented, potential drug interactions and possible side effects. Convenience of following the regimen and costs are also taken into account while prescribing a form of treatment to a HIV patient.

Once treatment is started, ART can be proven to be effective within 3-6 months by lowering the number of HIV cells in the body. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a General Physician.

3527 people found this helpful

All About Gastroesophageal Reflux Diet!

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
All About Gastroesophageal  Reflux Diet!

The esophagus is the tube that carries food from the throat to the stomach. However, it is not just a simple tube. The lower esophagus has a specialized muscle around it that usually stays tightly closed, opening only to allow food and liquid into the stomach. It acts to prevent the reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus.

Symptoms occur when this specialized muscle weakens and allows stomach acid to splash up into the esophagus. These symptoms include heartburn, chest discomfort, and bitter fluid flowing up into the mouth. Chest discomfort can occur. If the stomach juice trickles into the breathing tubes, hoarseness, cough, and even shortness of breath can occur. This entire problem is called gerd (gastroesophageal reflux disease). A number of factors, including certain foods, may cause the lower esophageal muscle to relax, causing gerd.

1. Pineapple and papaya
Pineapple contains bromelain and papaya contains papain, both substances known as proteases which are digestive enzymes that help with the breakdown of protein.

Normally, your body would use pepsin to digest protein, but this enzyme is most effective in very acidic environments like the one found in your stomach. Those on acid reducing diets, as is often recommended for gerd patients, may find the digestion of proteins difficult, resulting in pain and reflux.

Adding pineapple and papaya to your gerd diet can help alleviate these symptoms by facilitating the breakdown of proteins.

2. Iodized salt. 
Now, we have always heard that salt is bad for us and we should avoid it. Well, if you have gerd, you may have to hand over the chocolate, but you do get to sprinkle a little bit of salt on those veggies in your gerd diet.

Low iodine levels can contribute to hypothyroidism which is often associated with acid reflux. Many people today use sea salt which has not been iodized, so if this is the case, you should add some regular salt to your diet.

If you are unable to eat salt due to health issues, you should consider taking an iodine supplement. Low sodium levels have also been connected to acid reflux, so make sure you have at least a little salt in your gerd diet.

3. Omega-3 fatty acids. 
This is controversial since many people say that adding omega-3s to their gerd diet significantly reduced gerd symptoms, while others claim that it actually made them worse.

Similarly, fatty fish (a high source of omega-3) is on the “avoid” list, but many gerd sufferers say that they have no problem eating salmon or tuna.

If you are able to handle omega-3s, the health and healing of the fish oil benefits are effective in boosting immunity and repairing damage. A fish oil supplement may also be taken if your body reacts better to this option.

What to avoid on a gerd diet?

Although specific foods to avoid may vary from person to person, there are a few general guidelines that may help reduce symptoms of gerd.

1. Spicy food. 
Certain hot spices are known to irritate the esophagus and cause heartburn. Avoiding these may help prevent painful symptoms and reduce the risk of ulcerations.

2. Trans fats and high fat foods. 
High fat foods, particularly those that contain trans fats, can cause reflux because of the large amounts of acid required to digest them. Foods with a high fat content have been linked to a decrease in les pressure and a delay in stomach emptying which can also lead to acid reflux.

As well, dangerous trans fats have been connected to esophageal disease, and since gerd can also contribute to complications with the esophagus, it is best to eliminate them from your gerd diet.

3. Very hot food and liquid. 
It is best to let food and beverages cool a little before consuming since very hot substances have been linked to stomach and intestinal ulcers, which can intensify the symptoms of acid reflux.

4. Mint and chocolate. 
Both peppermint and chocolate contain chemicals that can stimulate the release of stomach acids while also relaxing the smooth muscle sphincter between the stomach and esophagus, often resulting in acid reflux and heartburn.

5. Alcohol. 
Alcohol irritates the lining of the stomach and is actually one of the most reported causes of heartburn.

6. Your own trigger foods. 
Given the complex nature of gerd, this one has to be added. I know it is repetitive, but everyone has certain foods that irritate their condition and cause severe symptoms. Make a list of these foods and avoid them in the future.
 

2 people found this helpful
Table of Content
About Protease
When is Protease prescribed?
What are the side effects of Protease ?
Key highlights of Protease
What are the dosage instructions?
Medicines containing Protease
How does medicine works?
What are the interactions for Protease ?