Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}

Overview

Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet

Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet

Manufacturer: Shrinivas Gujarat Laboratories Pvt Ltd
Medicine composition: Tranexamic Acid
Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet is generally prescribed to stop heavy bleeding during a period. It works as an antifibrinolytic and thus stops the blood clots from disintegrating very fast, which in turn reduces menstrual bleeding.

Patients are generally discouraged from taking Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet if-

  • They are allergic to any component present in the drug
  • They have a problem of blood clots that are present in the brain, eye, or lungs.
  • They have bleeding because of a kidney problem or brain problem.
  • They experience irregular bleeding but its reason has not yet been determined
  • They are currently on birth control, like the pill or even the vaginal ring. This is primarily because such birth controls contains estrogen as well as progestin.

Before you start Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet provide your doctor a detailed medical history of your current health condition. Do not forget to inform him about any allergies you have or conditions like kidney problems and issues with vision. Also inform him if you are with pregnant or planning to conceive in the near future.

Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet should be taken as per the directions given by your doctor. The drug is meant for oral consumption and can be taken before or with a meal. It is best that you swallow the drug whole with the help of water or any other liquid. Avoid crushing or chewing the tablet as your body will not be able to absorb it properly. The drug should only be taken after the start of a menstrual period.

Taking medicines result in some side effects, but most people may not experience any or if they do, the side effects are very minor. Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet can lead to some side effects like- headache, pain in the joints, spasms, onset of sinus congestion, tiredness and pain in the stomach. Some severe side effects that can result when you take Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet include a bas allergic reaction, seizures, dizziness and changes in vision. If you experience a major side effect get in touch with your health care provider as soon as possible.

Menorrhagia
Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet is used for the treatment of heavy bleeding that occurs during menstrual cycles.
Short-term management of hemorrhage
Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet is used for short term management of internal bleeding in patients who have hemophilia.
Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet is also sometimes used for the prevention of episodes of edema in patients suffering from this rare genetic disorder.
This medicine is not recommended for use in patients who have a known history of allergy to tranexamic acid or any other ingredient present in the dosage form.
Acquired defective color vision
This medicine is not recommended for use in people having a defective color vision as it could make toxicity determination very difficult.
Subarachnoid hemorrhage
This medicine is not recommended for use in people who have hemorrhage in the area between the brain and its outer covering.
Obstructive blood clotting disorder
This medicine is not recommended for use in patients having clotting disorders of the heart and blood vessels. The clots may also move from the place of origin and lodge in other locations. It is not recommended for people having the disease in the past or who are at risk of getting it in the future.
In addition to its intended effect, Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Headache Minor Common
Sinusitis like symptoms Minor Common
Back Pain Moderate Common
Diarrhea Minor Less Common
Pale skin Moderate Less Common
Allergic Skin Reaction Major Rare
Muscle or joint pain Moderate Less Common
Unusual tiredness and weakness Moderate Common
Change in color vision Major Less Common
Difficulty in breathing Major Less Common
Swelling of face, lips, eyelids, tongue, hands and feet Major Rare
Pain in the chest region Major Less Common
Dizziness and fainting Major Less Common
Presence of blood in cough Major Rare
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average duration of 2-4 hours.
What is the onset of action?
The effect of this medicine can be observed within 10-30 minutes of intravenous administration. Time taken for the effect to show may increase with other dosage forms.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Use of this medicine by pregnant women is not recommended unless absolutely necessary. The benefits of medication along with associated risks should be considered before using it. Consult your doctor before taking this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine can be used by women who are breastfeeding as the risk of adverse effects of nursing infants are less. Consult your doctor before taking this medicine.
Below is the list of medicines, which have the same composition, strength and form as Clot Plus 250Mg Tablet, and hence can be used as its substitute.
Canixa Life Sciences Pvt
Tas Med India Pvt Ltd
Percos India Pvt Ltd
Veritaz Healthcare Ltd
Feodra Dermatology Laboratories
Indoco Remedies Ltd
Tetramed Biotek Pvt Ltd
Missed Dose instructions
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember given that the next scheduled dose is at least 6 hours away. If you missed a scheduled injection of this medicine, then contact your doctor for further instructions.
Overdose instructions
Contact a doctor immediately if an overdose with tranexamic acid is suspected.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Disease
Kidney Disease Moderate
This medicine should be used with caution in people with an abnormal or impaired kidney function.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Tamoxifen Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. Since the risk of adverse effects is high, your doctor may determine the best possible course of treatment. It is recommended to take appropriate precautionary measures while taking them together.
Ethinyl Estradiol Major
Report the use of any hormonal contraceptive, irrespective of the form in which it is consumed, to the doctor. Use of these medicines together are not recommended as the risk of adverse effects are significantly high. Report any incidence of chest pain, breathing difficulties, the presence of blood in cough or urine to the doctor on priority.
Tretinoin Major
Report the use of either of the medicine to the doctor. Using these medicines together may increase the risks of serious adverse effects especially in the initial stages of treatment. Seek immediate help if you experience symptoms of internal blood clots like shortness of breast, chest pain, presence of blood in urine or cough, swelling of arms and legs.
Factor IX complex Major
Report the use of any medicine used for improving the clot formation process to the doctor. Your doctor may prescribe an alternate medication or schedule the dosing in such a way that there is sufficient time gap between the consumption of these medicines.

Popular Questions & Answers

My wife is experiencing periods within 16 days (first time) from last one and heavy flow of blood is experienced and feeling pain in pelvis region, stomach region and feeling muscle pain in leg & hand along with severe headache. After getting homeopathic medicine her pain get subdued by 25% and blood clots are experienced. Please suggest.

International Academy of Classical Homeopathy, BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
My wife is experiencing periods within 16 days (first time) from last one and heavy flow of blood is experienced and ...
Add below course hi giv her arnic 3c liquid 3 times days for 4 days murex 12c 3tims day for 13 days china off 12c 3tims a days for 15 days helon 12c 2tims day for 10 days millefo 30 once a day for 5 days inform Mr. progress.

Hi, Am traveling on a trip to Bali for 10 days! We booked our tickets four months back but I am pregnant by 8 weeks. I just wanted? to make sure is it safe to travel on flight before 12 weeks of pregnancy! because miscarriages happen at the first trimester! Kindly answer me! the traveling dates is on 13th of December?

M.B.S.(HOMEO), MD - Homeopathy
Homeopath, Visakhapatnam
Hi, Am traveling on a trip to Bali for 10 days! We booked our tickets four months back but I am pregnant by 8 weeks. ...
Air travel is very safe during pregnancy. There is no radiation risk, the X-ray machines are actually glorified metal detectors and are very safe to walk through (as are the full body scanners) and all cabins are pressurized. The first trimester is a great time to travel, except that morning sickness and fatigue often kick in around 7 to 8 weeks, so be prepared. You may feel great when you book your trip, but terrible by the time you leave. Ask your practitioner for tips to help with nausea, as ask for safe anti-nausea medication to take with you. Below are a few travel tips to pregnant women on the go: 1. Book an Aisle Seat - It's easier access for your hourly walks and trips to the restroom. 2. Prevent Air Sickness - If you are still in the morning sickness phase of pregnancy, air travel may make things worse. Ask your practitioner for an anti-nausea medication to take with you. 3. Wear Pantyhose - Some practitioners recommend that you wear support stockings to increase circulation and prevent a blood clot from developing in your leg. 4. Take a Walk - Avoid being immobilized for long periods of time. 5. Drink Water - You'll feel better by being well hydrated. It also helps prevent those blood clots. Take an empty water bottle with you in carry-on luggage and fill it up after you get through security. 6. Go Gas Free - Don't drink or eat any gas-producing items (carbonated beverages, refried beans, etc.) before or during your flight.
1 person found this helpful

My upper teeth are Turing blue around the corner and I is think two of them are shaking what should I do?

BDS, MDS
Dentist, Gorakhpur
My upper teeth are Turing blue around the corner and I is think two of them are shaking what should I do?
Visit a dentist for proper evaluation of the problem. Most probably its inflamed gum with trapped blood clot inside. Nothing to worry it can be cured by ultrasonic cleaning. Depending upon severity, your loose tooth can also be saved upto some extent. Do not delay the treatment now.
1 person found this helpful

My friend has fibroid problem. She is advised by doctor to take USG and the fibroid is 1.2 cm and it is intramural. She has heavy menstrual bleed with clots weight gain and back pain pls suggest homeo medicines.

BHMS
Homeopath, Rudrapur
My friend has fibroid problem. She is advised by doctor to take USG and the fibroid is 1.2 cm and it is intramural. S...
Aurrum mur 3x 2 tab twice, fraxinus Q 15 drop twice with water, apis 30 and calc. Flour 30 twice daily for 1 month. Than tell me.
1 person found this helpful

Hello doctor I got diagnosed with moderate aortic stenosis with mean gradient 28 mm hg and peak gradient 54 mm hg with mild aortic regurgitation. Is it serious problem. Please suggest me and help.

MBBS, Dip.Cardiology, Fellowship in Clinical Cardiology(FICC), Fellowship in Echocardiology
Cardiologist, Ghaziabad
Hello doctor I got diagnosed with moderate aortic stenosis with mean gradient 28 mm hg and peak gradient 54 mm hg wit...
The aorta is the main artery that carries blood out of the heart to the rest of the body. Blood flows out of the heart and into the aorta through the aortic valve. In aortic stenosis, the aortic valve does not open fully. This decreases blood flow from the heart. Aortic stenosis is a heart valve disorder that narrows or obstructs the aortic valve opening. Narrowing of the aortic valve prevents the valve from opening properly and obstructs the flow of blood from the left ventricle to the aorta. This can reduce the amount of blood that flows forward to the body. Causes As the aortic valve narrows, the left ventricle has to work harder to pump blood out through the valve. To do this extra work, the muscles in the ventricle walls become thicker. This can lead to chest pain. As the pressure continues to rise, blood may back up into the lungs. Severe aortic stenosis can limit the amount of blood that reaches the brain and the rest of the body. Aortic stenosis may be present from birth (congenital), but most often it develops later in life. Children with aortic stenosis may have other conditions present from birth. Aortic stenosis mainly occurs due to the buildup of calcium deposits that narrow the valve. This is called calcific aortic stenosis. The problem mostly affects older people. Calcium buildup of the valve happens sooner in people who are born with abnormal aortic or bicuspid valves. In rare cases, calcium buildup can develop more quickly when a person has received chest radiation (such as for cancer treatment). Another cause is rheumatic fever. This condition can develop after strep throat or scarlet fever. Valve problems do not develop for 5 to 10 years or longer after rheumatic fever occurs. Rheumatic fever is becoming rarer in the United States. Aortic stenosis occurs in about 2% of people over 65 years of age. It occurs more often in men than in women. Symptoms Most people with aortic stenosis do not develop symptoms until the disease is advanced. The diagnosis may have been made when the health care provider heard a heart murmur and performed tests. Symptoms of aortic stenosis include: Chest discomfort: The chest pain may get worse with activity and reach into the arm, neck, or jaw. The chest may also feel tight or squeezed. Cough, possibly bloody. Breathing problems when exercising. Becoming easily tired. Feeling the heartbeat (palpitations). Fainting, weakness, or dizziness with activity. In infants and children, symptoms include: Becoming easily tired with exertion (in mild cases) Failure to gain weight Poor feeding Serious breathing problems that develop within days or weeks of birth (in severe cases) Children with mild or moderate aortic stenosis may get worse as they get older. They are also at risk for a heart infection called bacterial endocarditis. Exams and Tests A heart murmur, click, or other abnormal sound is almost always heard through a stethoscope. The provider may be able to feel a vibration or movement when placing a hand over the heart. There may be a faint pulse or changes in the quality of the pulse in the neck. Blood pressure may be low. Aortic stenosis is most often detected and then followed using a test called a transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE). The following tests may also be performed: ECG Exercise stress testing Left cardiac catheterization MRI of the heart Transesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) Treatment Regular checkups by a provider may be all that is needed if your symptoms are not severe. The provider should ask about your health history, do a physical exam, and perform an echocardiogram. People with severe aortic stenosis may be told not to play competitive sports, even if they have no symptoms. If symptoms do occur, strenuous activity must often be limited. Medicines are used to treat symptoms of heart failure or abnormal heart rhythms (most commonly atrial fibrillation). These include diuretics (water pills), nitrates, and beta-blockers. High blood pressure should also be treated. If aortic stenosis is severe, this treatment must be done carefully so blood pressure does not drop too far. In the past, most people with heart valve problems were given antibiotics before dental work or a procedure such as colonoscopy. The antibiotics were given to prevent an infection of the damaged heart. However, antibiotics are now used much less often before dental work and other procedures. Check with your health care provider to find out whether you need antibiotics. People with this and other heart conditions should stop smoking and be tested for high cholesterol. Surgery to repair or replace the valve is often done for adults or children who develop symptoms. Even if symptoms are not very bad, the doctor may recommend surgery based on test results. A less invasive procedure called balloon valvuloplasty may be done instead of or before surgery. A balloon is placed into an artery in the groin, threaded to the heart, placed across the valve, and inflated. However, narrowing often occurs again after this procedure. A newer procedure done at the same time as valvuloplasty can implant an artificial valve. This procedure is most often done in patients who cannot have surgery, but it is becoming more common. Some children may need aortic valve repair or replacement. Children with mild aortic stenosis may be able to take part in most activities. Outlook (Prognosis) The outcome varies. The disorder may be mild and not produce symptoms. Over time, the aortic valve may become narrower. This may result in more severe heart problems such as: Atrial fibrillation and atrial flutter Blood clots to the brain (stroke), intestines, kidneys, or other areas Fainting spells (syncope) Heart failure High blood pressure in the arteries of the lungs (pulmonary hypertension) The results of aortic valve replacement are often excellent. To get the best treatment, go to a center that regularly performs this type of surgery.
2 people found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Acute Kidney Failure - 3 Causes of It!

DM - Nephrology, DNB (Nephrology), MBBS , MD - Medicine
Nephrologist, Mumbai
Acute Kidney Failure - 3 Causes of It!

You're said to suffer from the problem of acute kidney failure if your kidneys suddenly stop working and lose their ability to eliminate waste materials including excess fluids and salts from the blood. The condition usually develops quickly over a few days or even a few hours. When this happens, waste materials accumulate in your blood, disrupting the chemical balance of your bloodstream.

So, what causes this problem?

Acute kidney failure can occur because of any one of these reasons:

1. A drop or slowdown of blood flow to the kidneys - Adequate blood circulation to the kidneys is of great importance as without it the kidneys may end malfunctioning. If blood flow to the kidney is hampered, a part of or the entire kidney may die. You may suffer from acute kidney failure if blood flow to the kidneys gets impaired due to conditions like

  • Heavy blood loss
  • Sepsis (body's inflammatory reaction to an infection, which can bring about organ failure, tissue damage, and death)
  • Injury
  • Use of certain drugs
  • Dehydration
  • Burns
  • Heart disease

2. Urinary obstructions - A sudden blockage that hampers your kidney's ability to eliminate urine can also bring about acute kidney failure. When this happens, it leads to a build up of toxins in the body, causing an overload of the kidneys. Conditions that bring about this urinary obstruction include:

3. Disease within the kidneys - Even instances of clotting within the blood vessels of the kidneys can lead to acute kidney failure. This is because if the movement of blood cells within the blood vessels gets hampered, kidneys are not able to filter out toxins from the body. The conditions and diseases that may cause clotting, and subsequently damage to the kidneys include:

  • Scleroderma (an autoimmune disease that affects connective tissues and skin)
  • Build-up of cholesterol deposits
  • Glomerulonephritis (an inflammatory condition of the kidney's ball-shaped structures called glomeruli)
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (a condition that occurs due to untimely death of red blood cells)
  • Lupus (a disorder of the body's immune system that brings about damage to the body's own organs and tissues)
7 people found this helpful

Tips To Manage Hemorrhoids (Piles)

Bachelor of Naturopathy & Yogic Sciences (BNYS)
Alternative Medicine Specialist, Ernakulam
Tips To Manage Hemorrhoids (Piles)

Hemorrhoids also called piles, are swollen veins in your anus and lower rectum, similar to varicose veins.come in two varieties. The internal type sprout from within the rectum. External hemorrhoids develop on the anus itself. Either way, stools passing by them can cause pain and bleeding. The common causes are Straining during bowel movements,Sitting for long periods of time on the toilet,Chronic diarrhea or constipation,Obesity,Pregnancy,Anal intercourse,Low-fiber diet etc.

Acupuncture and Moxibustion has found to be effective in relieving the symptoms of Hemorrhoids.You can also try the following steps to get relief as early as possible.

1.Sit in sitz bath-Sit in a bathtub filled with 3 to 4 inches of warm water or Using a basin that fits under the toilet seat, soak the inflamed area in warm water for 10 to 15 minutes, two to three times a day.

2. After the sitz bath dry the area gently.Don’t rub hard.

3.Increase Fiber in your diet & Drink lot of water.-The most important thing is to add fiber to your diet. Increased fiber in your diet can cause stools to soften and makes them easier to pass, reducing the pressure on your hemorrhoids. Boost fiber either by eating high-fiber foods or by taking a fiber supplement or both. Just make sure that you also drink plenty of fluids. High-fiber foods include broccoli, beans, wheat and oat bran, whole grains, and fruits. Fiber can cause bloating or gas, so increase your daily amount slowly. Aim for 25 to 30 grams each day. As you increase your fiber, be sure to drink more water.  

4.Lubricate- Mixing a tablespoon of mineral oil with applesauce or yogurt and eating it at breakfast or lunch allows stool to slide by the hemorrhoid more easily. You may help your bowels move even more smoothly by lubricating your anus with a dab of petroleum jelly.Using a cotton swab or just your finger, apply the jelly about 1/2 inch into the rectum

5.Don’t Hold - When you feel the urge, go to the bathroom immediately.Putting off bowel movements can worsen constipation, which then aggravates hemorrhoids.

6.Elevate the feet- Elevating your feet a bit with a step stool as you sit on the toilet changes the position of the rectum in a way that may allow for easier passage of stools.

7.Over-the-counter products are available for hemorrhoids. These include witch hazel infused pads and soothing creams. If these don’t work, ask your doctor about prescription preparations.

8.Exercise Mildly-It’s seen that you can keep your bowels moving with moderate aerobic exercise, such as 30 minutes of brisk walking each day.

9.Don’t scratch the area as it can damage the anal vessels and lead to infections.

10. Don’t lift heavy weights as it can put pressure on the anal region.

11. Use Special Pillows-Sitting on hard surfaces can exacerbate hemorrhoids; a doughnut-shaped cushion can take pressure off painful hemorrhoids

12. If you have a protruding hemorrhoid, try gently pushing it back into the anal canal. Hemorrhoids left hanging are prime candidates to develop into painful clots.

13. Limit your toilet time-Don’t read or chat in mobile while using toilet.This can lead to putting additional strain on your anal region.

14.Supplements like flavonoids and stoneroot can be considered after consulting a naturopathy doctor.

15. Avoid chicken,egg,red meat,junk foods,processed foods and daal in the diet.Include more of Legumes, such as split peas, lentils, black beans, lima beans, and baked beans;  Whole grains, such as barley, bran flakes, oatmeal, and brown rice; Vegetables, such as artichoke, green peas, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts;  Fruits, such as raspberries, pears, apples, and bananas.

2 people found this helpful

What To Do If Your Pet Is Found Bleeding?

B.V.Sc
Veterinarian, Ballia
What To Do If Your Pet Is Found Bleeding?

Bleeding pets often suffer blood loss as a result of trauma. If bleeding is severe or continuous, the animal may lose enough blood to cause shock (loss of as little as 2 teaspoons per pound of body weight may cause shock). Emergencies may arise that require the owner to control the bleeding, even if it is just during transport of the animal to the veterinary facility. Pet owners should know how to stop hemorrhage (bleeding) if their pet is injured.

 Techniques to stop external bleeding:-

 The following techniques are listed in order of preference. 

1) Direct pressure:--gently press a compress (a pad of clean cloth or gauze) over the bleeding absorbing the blood and allowing it to clot. Do not disturb blood clots after they have formed. If blood soaks through, do not remove the pad; simply add additional layers of cloth and continue the direct pressure more evenly. The compress can be bound in place using bandage material which frees the hands of the first provider for other emergency actions. In the absence of a compress, a bare hand or finger can be used. Direct pressure on a wound is the most preferable way to stop bleeding.

2) Elevation:--if there is a severely bleeding wound on the foot or leg, gently elevate the leg so that the wound is above the level of the heart. Elevation uses the force of gravity to help reduce blood pressure in the injured area, slowing the bleeding. Elevation is most effective in larger animals with longer limbs where greater distances from wound to heart are possible. Direct pressure with compresses should also be maintained to maximize the use of elevation. Elevation of a limb combined with direct pressure is an effective way to stop bleeding. 

3) Pressure on the supplying artery:-- if external bleeding continues following the use of direct pressure and elevation, finger or thumb pressure over the main artery to the wound is needed. Apply pressure to the femoral artery in the groin for severe bleeding of a rear leg; to the brachial artery in the inside part of the upper front leg for bleeding of a front leg; or to the caudal artery at the base of the tail if the wound is on the tail. Continue application of direct pressure.

4) Pressure above and below the bleeding wound:-- this can also be used in conjunction with direct pressure. Pressure above the wound will help control arterial bleeding. Pressure below the wound will help control bleeding from veins.

5) Tourniquet:--use of a tourniquet is dangerous and it should be used only for a severe, life-threatening hemorrhage in a limb (leg or tail) not expected to be saved. A wide (2-inch or more) piece of cloth should be used to wrap around the limb twice and tied into a knot. A short stick or similar object is then tied into the knot as well. Twist the stick to tighten the tourniquet until the bleeding stops. Secure the stick in place with another piece of cloth and make a written note of the time it was applied. Loosen the tourniquet for 15 to 20 seconds every 20 minutes. Remember this is dangerous and will likely result in disability or amputation. Use of a tourniquet should only be employed as a last-resort, life-saving measure!

6) Internal bleeding:--internal bleeding is a life-threatening condition, but it is not obvious like external bleeding. Any bleeding which is visible is external. 
Internal bleeding occurs inside the body and will not be seen. There are, however, external signs of internal bleeding: 
• the pet is pale (check the gums or eyelids).
• the pet is cool on the legs, ears, or tail. 
• the pet is extremely excited or unusually subdued. If any of these signs are evident, the pet should be immediately transported to a veterinary facility for professional help. Remember: internal bleeding is not visible on the outside.

Nose Bleeding - Things That Can Cause It!

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Nose Bleeding - Things That Can Cause It!

Nosebleeds can be frightening and dramatic. Luckily, most cases of nosebleeds can be dealt with fair ease. Nosebleeds can be classified into two types depending upon the origin of the nose bleed, namely anterior and posterior.

  • Anterior bleed is the most common, and the bleeding is from a blood vessel which is present in the front part of the nose. These bleeds can be easily controlled by simple measures taken by doctors or at home.
  • Posterior nose bleeds are usually indicative of something more complicated and occur mostly in adults or elderly. The bleed can be caused by a rupture in arteries in the posterior part of the nose. These nosebleeds can get severe and may require admission to a hospital for treatment and management. They are the most common in kids in the range of 2 to 10 years and adults older than 50 years.

What can cause nosebleeds?

  • The most common cause of a nosebleed is probably trauma or an injury to the nose. External trauma includes a sharp blow to the nose, whereas internal injury comprises of injury from picking your nose continuously or irritation from cold.
  • Less frequently, an underlying condition can also result in nosebleeds. These conditions include diseases that make clotting difficult. The inability of blood to properly coagulate and clot can be contributed by blood-thinning agents like aspirin and warfarin.
  • Disease in the liver can also cause problems in the clotting of blood. Rarely, cancer in the nose or abnormal blood vessels present in the nose can contribute to bleeding. Another cause of nosebleeds can be high blood pressure, but it is rarely the only reason.

What are the symptoms of nosebleeds?

  • Nosebleeds usually occur from one nostril. Sometimes, if the bleeding is excessive, the nostril can get filled with blood and it can cross the nasopharynx and overflow into the other nostril and result in bleeding from both nostrils. The blood can also go into the throat and one may spit out blood from the mouth or vomit out blood (hematemesis).
  • Excessive blood loss can cause dizziness, confusion, lightheadedness, and can also cause fainting. Excessive blood loss from nosebleeds is not very common.
  • Although, nosebleeds are rarely a complication, it is advised to consult a doctor if the occurrences are too frequent.
1 person found this helpful

Urinary Tract Obstruction - What Are The Reasons?

MBBS, MS-Surgery, DNB-Urology, Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS)
Urologist, Gurgaon
Urinary Tract Obstruction - What Are The Reasons?

Lower Urinary tract obstruction refers to a condition of hindrance to urinary flow from bladder outwards. This can occur in all the age groups and affect either sex. The symptoms can be poor urine flow, intermittent flow, straining to pass urine or empty bladder, sense of incomplete emptying of bladder, difficulty in starting urination. Other problems can be increased urine frequency and difficulty to hold on with or without occasional urine leak in clothes. The cause and treatment vary in different age groups.

Few common reasons behind Lower urinary Tract Obstruction:

  1. Congenital Urethral Stricture and PUV: These defects can be detected either before or after birth and need correction at earliest to avoid long-term complications. It is usually brought to attention by parents who observe abnormal urine flow pattern of their child OR found out during evaluation for repeated urinary tract infections.

  2. Neurogenic Bladder: This is caused due to defects of nerves that are responsible for controlling bladder function. This can be due to diseases of brain, spinal cord or peripheral nerves. These defects can occur by birth or later in life. It is very important to take early consult to avoid long-term complications and progression to renal failure.

  3. Urethral Stricture: This is narrowing in a long tube that starts from bladder to the external urinary opening. It can be idiopathic, post-traumatic, or due to urethral infections. Usually, a person is able to recognise poor urine flow and bring it to the attention of urologist. Treatment for stricture depends on various factors and range from simple endoscopic surgery to open surgeries.

  4. Bladder Neck Obstruction: Bladder neck is a network or a group of muscles that connect the bladder to the urethra. The muscles tighten to hold urine in the bladder, and relax as they release it through the urethra. Urinary tract obstruction occurs when there are abnormalities blocking the bladder neck that restricts its opening during urination.

  5. BPH: This occurs due to enlarged prostate obstruction urine flow out of bladder. Prostate enlargement is mostly age-related and rarely due to prostatic tumors. Urinary stones. This can be usually recognized by sudden obstruction to urine flow in person who was voiding normally. These episodes might be recurrent due to movement of stone in between bladder and urethra.

  6. Bladder Tumors: The are mostly characterized by blood in urine. Sometimes there might be blood clots that obstruct the urine flow. Phimosis: Usually occurring post-puberty, it is referred to as the inability to retract the glans (the sensitive structure at the end of the penis). It is a condition in which the distal foreskin, which was previously retractable, is unable to retract anymore.

  7. Phimosis: Phimosis is another major reason behind urinary tract obstructions.

1 person found this helpful