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Overview

Cetirizine

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Table of Content

About Cetirizine
When is Cetirizine prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Cetirizine?
What are the side effects of Cetirizine?
Key highlights of Cetirizine
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Cetirizine approved?
Medicines containing Cetirizine
What are the interactions for Cetirizine?

An antihistamine, Cetirizine is a medication that can be used for treating allergic symptoms like itching, sneezing, runny nose and watery eyes. It is also effective to treat swelling or itching that is caused by hives. The chemical known as histamine is the reason for the allergic symptoms that you suffer from. Being an antihistamine, Cetirizine reduces or blocks this chemical in your body, thus reliving you from the symptoms. This medicine can reduce your symptoms, but not prevent it. You can take this medicine in the form of tablets, capsule or syrup. You can take this medicine along with your food or without it.

Cetirizine is an allergy medication that can help you get relief from mild allergy symptoms like sneezing, runny nose, watery eyes and itchy nose or throat. It also helps to provide relief from hives. The body produces the chemical histamine when you come in contact with certain allergens. It is this histamine that causes the symptoms that are associated with allergies. As Cetirizine is an antihistamine, it will block the effect of that chemical in the body. The medicine can provide you relief from these symptoms, but it cannot prevent them. It comes in tablet, capsule as well as syrup form. You can swallow, chew or let the tablet dissolve in the mouth.

When it comes to dosage, follow the directions provided on the label or the instructions given by your doctor. You must not have it in large amounts or longer than required. You can take the medicine along with your food or without it. In case you are having the chewable tablet, ensure that you chew it properly before swallowing. Also, do not take two doses at once in case you miss out on one. Overdosing can lead to a feeling of restlessness or nervousness; followed by drowsiness.

Being a second-generation antihistamine, Cetirizine does not have too much of side effects. Though, it may have certain side effects like stomach pain, vomiting, diarrhea, dry mouth, tiredness and drowsiness. They are usually not emergencies but you can consult with your doctor if it is bothering you. In case of side effects like problems in urinating, vision, insomnia and irregular heartbeats; it is advisable to stop taking Cetirizine and seek medical help at once.

There are some precautions that you need to keep in mind before or after taking Cetirizine

  • Even though not to a great extent, Cetirizine can cause drowsiness and it may have different reactions in different people. You must be cautious, especially in the initial stages of taking the medication. Avoid drinking or driving during this time.
  • Avoid taking this medication if you are allergic to it or to any other ingredient that has been used in it.
  • Consult your doctor before taking Cetirizine if you are planning to get pregnant or are pregnant. This medicine is normally not recommended for pregnant women. Also, avoid it if you are breast-feeding your child, as this drug can pass on through the breast milk.
  • Ask your doctor before taking Cetirizine if you have any disease related to the kidney or the liver.
Cetirizine is used to treat the symptoms associated with seasonal and long-term Rhinitis.
Utricaria
Cetirizine is used to treat chronic skin complications associated with Utricaria.
Cetirizine is not recommended for use if you have a known history of allergy to it.
Cetirizine is not recommended if you are suffering from end-stage kidney disease, were the Creatinine clearance in such cases is less than 10 ml/min. It should not be used in children below 12 years with kidney abnormalities.
In addition to its intended effect, Cetirizine may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Sleepiness Major Less Common
Headache Major Less Common
Blurred vision Moderate Less Common
Running Nose and Cough Major Less Common
Dry mouth Moderate Less Common
Diarrhea Moderate Less Common
Nausea or Vomiting Minor Less Common
Difficulty in passing urine Minor Rare
How long is the duration of effect?
The effect of this medicine lasts for an average of 24 hours.
What is the onset of action?
The effect of this medicine can be observed within an hour of oral administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
This medicine is not known to cause any harmful effect on the fetus. There is a lack of conclusive evidence from clinical studies and hence benefits and risks should be weighed before usage. Consult your doctor before taking this medicine.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
This medicine is not recommended for use in women who are breastfeeding as it can cause side effects for the baby. Consult your doctor before taking this medication.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for the next scheduled dose, then the missed dose can be skipped.
Are there any overdose instructions?
Contact your doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdose may include dizziness, restlessness, and confusion. Supportive measures like gastric lavage might be initiated based on the severity of symptoms.
India
United States
Japan
Below is the list of medicines, which contains Cetirizine as ingredient
Dr. Reddys Laboratories Ltd
Menarini India
Morepen Laboratories Limited
Micro Labs Ltd
Micro Labs Ltd
Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd
Wockhardt Ltd
Cipla Ltd
Zuventus Healthcare Ltd
Mac Laboratoriesltd
Cadila Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Bayer Pharmaceuticals Pvt. Ltd
Leeford Healthcare
Micro Labs Ltd
Sanofi India Ltd
Mankind Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Sun Pharma Laboratories Ltd
Glaxosmithkline Pharmaceuticals Ltd
Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Alcohol
Ethanol Moderate
Using alcohol while taking Cetirizine is not recommended. Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided in such cases.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Food
Information not available.
Interaction with Medicine
Alprazolam Moderate
Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor. Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided after taking these medicines. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor. Any medicine having sedation as a side effect must be taken with caution while taking Cetirizine.
Codeine Moderate
Report the usage of either of the medicine to the doctor. Any activity requiring a high level of mental alertness should be avoided after taking these medicines. Do not stop the usage of any medication without consulting your doctor. Any medicine having sedation as a side effect must be taken with caution while taking Cetirizine.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am suffering for cold for me repeating 3or 2 days ones. I am talking cetirizine tablet can you tell me for me solutions for cold.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
1. Do steam inhalation by steam inhaler 2-3 times daily with karvol plus inhalant capsule 2. Put otrivin nasal drop 1 drop thrice daily. 3. Take one tablet of levocetrizine (5mg) at bed time. 4. Drink lukewarm water/hot soup/herbal tea etc 5. If you have recurrent attack of cold you may be having sinusitis/allergic rhinitis 6. Take plain xray pns/ct scan of pns after consulting ent specialist to exclude sinusitis and take treatment accordingly 7. If sinusitis is excluded, it I could be due to allergic rhinitis, do an allergy test after consulting allergy specialist/immunologist to find out the cause of allergy and follow the treatment and advice accordingly.

Hi I am 8 week pregnant I have habit of taking cetirizine tablet without that I can not sleep please let me know if its safe.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Nashik
Hi I am 8 week pregnant I have habit of taking cetirizine tablet without that I can not sleep please let me know if i...
No drug should be taken without obstetrician' advice in pregnancy. Cetrzine is not a "sleeping" pill. So break your habit! through it is category B drug it is best avoided on 1 st trim.

Doctor, Is levocetirizine less sedative than cetirizine? Exclusively Which tablet causes less drowsiness/sleepiness in both?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Dear lybrateuser, yes, levocetirizine is less sedative than cetirizine & causes less drowsiness/ sleepiness.
1 person found this helpful

Hai I am suffered from last 4 years due to allergy And I am using cetirizine tablets that Time I feel ok but any permanent solution.

MD - Dermatology , Venereology & Leprosy
Dermatologist, Visakhapatnam
Hai
I am suffered from last 4 years due to allergy
And I am using cetirizine tablets that Time I feel ok but any perm...
Ur condition is urticaria Generally it is due to food allergy Daily keep observing what ur eating and what food causing ur problem And avoid those foods Avoid packed food Avoid junk food
3 people found this helpful

Itch on all body everyday. After taking cetirizine feel good, than after day again itch happen on all body?

MBBS
General Physician, Faridabad
Itch on all body everyday. After taking cetirizine feel good, than after day again itch happen on all body?
apply oil on the body daily, consume 3-4 lt of water daily, can take tab cetrazine, it will help you. welcme.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Urinary Problem

MD - Internal Medicine, MBBS
General Physician, Delhi
Urinary Problem

Following drugs may cause urinary retention particularly in old ages
1. Anti anxiety, anti depressant and antipsychotic
2. Antihistamine - cetirizine
3. Ca ch blockers
4. Nsaids
5. Opioid
6. Alcohol
7. Anti Parkinson's disease
8. Muscle relaxant

Avoid The Ban Medicines To Be Safe

BHMS
Homeopath, Singrauli
Avoid The Ban Medicines To Be Safe

Govt bans 344 drugs, including phensedyl, corex
Sr. No. Product name (irrational fdc) 
1 aceclofenac + paracetamol + rabeprazole
2 nimesulide + diclofenac
3 nimesulide + cetirizine + caffeine
4 nimesulide + tizanidine
5 paracetamol + cetirizine + caffeine
6 diclofenac + tramadol + chlorzoxazone
7 dicyclomine + paracetamol + domperidone
8 nimesulide + paracetamol
9 paracetamol + phenylephrine + caffeine
10 diclofenac+ tramadol + paracetamol
11 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorzoxazone + famotidine
12 naproxen + paracetamol
13 nimesulide + serratiopeptidase
14 paracetamol + diclofenac + famotidine
15 nimesulide + pifofenone + fenpiverinium + benzyl alcohol
16 omeprazole + paracetamol + diclofenac
17 nimesulide + paracetamol injection
18 tamsulosin + diclofenac
19 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
20 diclofenac + zinc carnosine
21 diclofenac + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine maleate + magnesium trisillicate
22 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + cetrizine
23 phenylbutazone + sodium salicylate
24 lornoxicam + paracetamol + trypsin
25 paracetamol + mefenamic acid + ranitidine + dicylomine
26 nimesulide + dicyclomine
27 heparin + diclofenac
28 glucosamine + methyl sulfonyl methane + vitamini d3 + maganese + boron + copper + zinc
29 paracetamol + tapentadol
30 tranexamic acid + proanthocyanidin
31 benzoxonium chloride + lidocaine
32 lornoxicam + paracetamol + tramadol
33 lornoxicam + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
34 diclofenac + paracetamol + magnesium trisilicate
35 paracetamol + domperidone + caffeine
36 ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
37 paracetamol + prochlorperazine maleate
38 serratiopeptidase (enteric coated 20000 units) + diclofenac potassium & 2 tablets of doxycycline
39 nimesulide + paracetamol suspension
40 aceclofenac + paracetamol + famotidine
41 aceclofenac + zinc carnosine
42 paracetamol + disodium hydrogen citrate + caffeine
43 paracetamol + dl methionine
44 disodium hydrogen citrate + paracetamol
45 paracetamol + caffeine + codeine
46 aceclofenac (sr) + paracetamol
47 diclofenac + paracetamol injection
48 azithromycin + cefixime
49 amoxicillin + dicloxacillin
50 amoxicillin 250 mg + potassium clavulanate diluted 62.5 mg
51 azithromycin + levofloxacin
52 cefixime + linezolid
53 amoxicillin + cefixime + potassium clavulanic acid
54 ofloxacin + nitazoxanide
55 cefpodoxime proxetil + levofloxacin
56 azithromycin, secnidazole and fluconazole kit
57 levofloxacin + ornidazole + alpha tocopherol acetate
58 nimorazole + ofloxacin
59 azithromycin + ofloxacin
60 amoxycillin + tinidazole
61 doxycycline + serratiopeptidase
62 cefixime + levofloxacin
63 ofloxacin + metronidazole + zinc acetate
64 diphenoxylate + atropine + furazolidonee
65 fluconazole tablet, azithromycin tablet and ornidazole tablets
66 ciprofloxacin + phenazopyridine
67 amoxycillin + dicloxacillin + serratiopeptidase
68 azithromycin + cefpodoxime
69 lignocaine + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + beclomethasone
70 cefuroxime + linezolid
71 ofloxacin + ornidazole + zinc bisglycinate
72 metronidazole + norfloxacin
73 amoxicillin + bromhexine
74 ciprofloxacin + fluticasone + clotrimazole + neomycin is
75 metronidazole + tetracycline
76 cephalexin + neomycin + prednisolone
77 azithromycin + ambroxol
78 cilnidipine + metoprolol succinate + metoprolol tartrate
79 l-arginine + sildenafil
80 atorvastatin + vitamin d3 + folic acid + vitamin b12 + pyridoxine
81 metformin + atorvastatin
82 clindamycin + telmisartan
83 olmesartan + hydrochlorothiazide + chlorthalidone
84 l-5-methyltetrahydrofolate calcium + escitalopram
85 pholcodine + promethazine
86 paracetamol + promethazine
87 betahistine + ginkgo biloba extract + vinpocetine + piracetam
88 cetirizine + diethyl carbamazine
89 doxylamine + pyridoxine + mefenamic acid + paracetamol
90 drotaverine + clidinium + chlordiazepoxide
91 imipramine + diazepam
92 flupentixol + escitalopram
93 paracetamol + prochloperazine
94 gabapentin + mecobalamin + pyridoxine + thiamine
95 imipramine + chlordiazepoxide + trifluoperazine + trihexyphenidyl
96 chlorpromazine + trihexyphenidyl
97 ursodeoxycholic acid + silymarin
98 metformin 1000/1000/500/500mg + pioglitazone 7.5/7.5/7.5/7.5mg + glimepiride
99 gliclazide 80 mg + metformin 325 mg
100 voglibose+ metformin + chromium picolinate
101 pioglitazone 7.5/7.5mg + metformin 500/1000mg
102 glimepiride 1mg/2mg/3mg + pioglitazone 15mg/15mg/15mg + metformin 1000mg/1000mg/1000mg
103 glimepiride 1mg/2mg+ pioglitazone 15mg/15mg + metformin 850mg/850mg
104 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 2mg
105 metformin 850mg + pioglitazone 7.5 mg + glimepiride 1mg
106 metformin 500mg/500mg+gliclazide sr 30mg/60mg + pioglitazone 7.5mg/7.5mg
107 voglibose + pioglitazone + metformin
108 metformin + bromocriptine
109 metformin + glimepiride + methylcobalamin
110 pioglitazone 30 mg + metformin 500 mg
111 glimepiride + pioglitazone + metformin
112 glipizide 2.5mg + metformin 400 mg
113 pioglitazone 15mg + metformin 850 mg
114 metformin er + gliclazide Mr. + voglibose
115 chromium polynicotinate + metformin
116 metformin + gliclazide + piogllitazone + chromium polynicotinate
117 metformin + gliclazide + chromium polynicotinate
118 glibenclamide + metformin (sr)+ pioglitazone
119 metformin (sustainded release) 500mg + pioglitazone 15 mg + glimepiride 3mg
120 metformin (sr) 500mg + pioglitazone 5mg
121 chloramphenicol + beclomethasone + clomitrimazole + lignocaine
122 of clotrimazole + ofloxaxin + lignocaine + glycerine and propylene glycol
123 chloramphennicol + lignocaine + betamethasone + clotrimazole + ofloxacin + antipyrine
124 ofloxacin + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
125 gentamicin sulphate + clotrimazole + betamethasone + lignocaine
126 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + ofloxacin + lignocaine
127 becloemthasone + clotrimazole + chloramphenicol + gentamycin + lignocaine ear
128 flunarizine + paracetamole + domperidone
129 rabeprazole + zinc carnosine
130 magaldrate + famotidine + simethicone
131 cyproheptadine + thiamine
132 magaldrate + ranitidine + pancreatin + domperidone
133 ranitidine + magaldrate + simethicone
134 magaldrate + papain + fungul diastase + simethicone
135 rabeprazole + zinc + domperidone
136 famotidine + oxytacaine + magaldrate
137 ranitidine + domperidone + simethicone
138 alginic acid + sodium bicarbonate + dried aluminium hydroxide + magnesium hydroxide
139 clidinium + paracetamol + dicyclomine + activated dimethicone
140 furazolidone + metronidazole + loperamide
141 rabeprazole + diclofenac + paracetamol
142 ranitidine + magaldrate
143 norfloxacin+ metronidazole + zinc acetate
144 zinc carnosine + oxetacaine
145 oxetacaine + magaldrate + famotidine
146 pantoprazole (as enteric coated tablet) + zinc carnosine (as film coated tablets)
147 zinc carnosine + magnesium hydroxide + dried aluminium hydroxide + simethicone
148 zinc carnosine + sucralfate
149 mebeverine & inner hpmc capsule (streptococcus faecalis + clostridium butyricum + bacillus
Mesentricus + lactic acid bacillus)
150 clindamycin + clotrimazole + lactic acid bacillus

151 sildenafil + estradiol valerate
152 clomifene citrate + ubidecarenone + zinc + folic acid + methylcobalamin + pyridoxine + lycopene
+ selenium + levocarnitine tartrate + l-arginine
153 thyroxine + pyridoxine + folic acid
154 gentamycin + dexamethasone + chloramphenicol + tobramycin + ofloxacin
155 dextromethorphan + levocetirizine + phenylephrine + zinc
156 nimesulide + loratadine + phenylephrine + ambroxol
157 bromhexine + phenylephrine + chlorepheniramine maleate
158 dextromethorphan + bromhexine + guaiphenesin
159 paracetamol + loratadine + phenylephrine + dextromethorphan + caffeine
160 nimesulide + phenylephrine + caffeine + levocetirizine
161 azithromycin + acebrophylline
162 diphenhydramine + terpine + ammonium chloride + sodium chloride + menthol
163 nimesulide + paracetamol + cetirizine + phenylephrine
164 paracetamol + loratadine + dextromethophan + pseudoepheridine + caffeine
165 chlorpheniramine maleate + dextromethorphan + dextromethophan + guaiphenesin + ammonium
Chloride + menthol
166 chlorpheniramine maleate + ammonium chloride + sodium citrate
167 cetirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + zinc gluconate
168 ambroxol
+ guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine maleate + menthol
169 dextromethorphen + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine maleate + guaiphenesin
170 levocetirizine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + guaiphenesin
171 dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine + chlorpheniramine maleate 
172 cetirizine + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + phenylephrine +
Menthol
173 hlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + caffeine
174 dextromethorphan + triprolidine + phenylephrine
175 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + zinc gluconate + menthol
176 chlorpheniramine + codeine + sodium citrate + menthol syrup
177 enrofloxacin + bromhexin
178 bromhexine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + menthol
179 levofloxacin + bromhexine
180 levocetirizine + phenylephrine + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + paracetamol
181 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + zinc gluconate + paracetamol + menthol
182 paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + dextromethorphan+cetirizine
183 diphenhydramine + guaiphenesin + ammonium chloride + bromhexine
184 chlorpheniramine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + paracetamol
185 dextromethorphen + promethazine
186 diethylcabamazine citrate + cetirizine + guaiphenesin
187 chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + dextromethophan + menthol
188 ambroxol + terbutaline + dextromethorphan
189 dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine + guaiphenesin
190 terbutaline + bromhexine + guaiphenesin + dextromethorphan
191 dextromethorphan + tripolidine + phenylephirine
192 paracetamol + dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine
193 codeine + levocetirizine + menthol
194 dextromethorphan + ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
195 cetirizine + phenylephrine + dextromethorphan + menthol
196 roxithromycin + serratiopeptidase
197 paracetamol + phenylephrine + triprolidine
198 cetirizine + acetaminophen + dextromethorphan + phenyephrine + zinc gluconate 
199 diphenhydramine + guaifenesin + bromhexine + ammonium chloride + menthol
200 chlopheniramine maleate + codeine syrup
201 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + zinc gluconate + menthol
202 paracetamol + phenylephrine + desloratadine + zinc gluconate + ambroxol
203 levocetirizine + montelukast + acebrophylline
204 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + ammonium chloride + menthol
205 acrivastine + paracetamol + caffeine + phenylephrine
206 naphazoline + carboxy methyl cellulose + menthol + camphor + phenylephrine
207 dextromethorphan + cetirizine
208 nimesulide + paracetamol + levocetirizine + phenylephrine + caffeine
209 terbutaline + ambroxol + guaiphenesin + zinc + menthol
210 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + guaifenesin + triprolidine
211 ammomium chloride + bromhexine + dextromethorphan 
212 diethylcarbamazine + cetirizine + ambroxol
213 ethylmorphine + noscapine + chlorpheniramine
214 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + ambroxol
215 ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
216 paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + zinc gluconate
217 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + cetirizine + paracetamol + caffeine
218 dextromethophan + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
219 levocetirizine + dextromethorphan + zinc
220 paracetamol + phenylephrine + levocetirizine + caffeine
221 chlorphaniramine + ammonium chloride + sodium chloride
222 paracetamol + dextromethorphan + bromhexine + phenylephrine + diphenhydramine
223 salbutamol + bromhexine + guaiphenesin + menthol
224 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + bromhexine + guaifenesin
225 diethyl carbamazine + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin
226 ketotifen + cetirizine
227 terbutaline + bromhexine + etofylline
228 ketotifen + theophylline
229 ambroxol + salbutamol + theophylline
230 cetririzine + nimesulide + phenylephrine
231 chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + zink gluconate
232 acetaminophen + guaifenesin + dextromethorphan + chlorpheniramine
233 cetirizine + dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + tulsi
234 cetirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + ambroxol + caffeine
235 guaifenesin + dextromethorphan
236 levocetirizine + paracetamol + phenylephirine + caffeine
237 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
238 levocetirizine + paracetamol + phenylephirine + caffeine
239 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
240 ketotifen + levocetrizine
241 paracetamol + levocetirizine + phenylephirine + zink gluconate
242 paracetamol + phenylephrine + triprolidine + caffeine
243 caffeine + paracetamol + phenylephrine + cetirizine
244 caffeine + paracetamol + chlorpheniramine
245 ammonium chloride + dextromethorphan + cetirizine + menthol
246 dextromethorphan + paracetamol + cetirizine + phenylephrine
247 chlorpheniramine + terpin + antimony potassium tartrate + ammonium chloride + sodium
Citrate + menthol
248 terbutaline + etofylline + ambroxol
249 paracetamol + codeine + chlorpheniramine
250 paracetamol+pseudoephedrine+certirizine+caffeine
251 chlorpheniramine+ammonium chloride + menthol
252 n-acetyl cysteine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + levocertirizine
253 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + tripolidine + menthol
254 salbutamol + certirizine + ambroxol
255 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + bromhexine + guaifenesin + chlorpheniramine
256 nimesulide + certirizine + phenylephrine
257 naphazoline + chlorpheniramine + zinc sulphate + boric acid + sodium chloride + chlorobutol
258 paracetamol + bromhexine + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + guaifenesin
259 salbutamol + bromhexine
260 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + guaifenesin + certirizine + acetaminophen
261 guaifenesin + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamo
262 chlorpheniramine + ammonium chloride + chloroform + menthol
263 salbutamol + choline theophylinate + ambroxol
264 chlorpheniramine + codeine phosphate + menthol syrup
265 pseudoephedrine + bromhexine
266 certirizine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + caffeine + nimesulide
267 dextromethorphan + cetirizine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
268 dextromethorphan + cetirizine + guaifenesin + ammonium chloride
269 ambroxol + salbutamol + choline theophyllinate + menthol
270 paracetamol + chlorpheniramine + ambroxol + guaifenesin + phenylephrine
271 chlorpheniramine + vasaka + tolubalsm + ammonium chloride + sodium citrate + menthol
272 bromhexine + cetrizine + phenylephrine ip+guaifenesin + menthol
273 dextromethorphan + ambroxol + ammonium chloride + chlorpheniramine + menthol
274 dextromethorphan + phenylephrine + cetirizine + zinc + menthol
275 terbutaline + n-acetyl l-cysteine + guaifenesin
276 calcium gluconate + levocetirizine
277 paracetamol + levocetirizine + pseudoephedrine
278 salbutamol + choline theophylinate + carbocisteine
279 chlorpheniramine + vitamin c
280 calcium gluconate + chlorpheniramine + vitamin c
281 chlorpheniramine + paracetamol + pseudoephedrine + caffeine
282 guaifenesin + bromhexine + chlorpheniramine + phenylephrine + paracetamol + serratiopeptidase
(as enteric coated granules) 10000 sp units
283 paracetamol + pheniramine
284 betamethasone + fusidic acid + gentamycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline (ichq
285 clobetasol + ofloxacin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
286 clobetasole + gentamicin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
287 levocetirizine + ambroxol + phenylephrine + paracetamol
288 permethrin + cetrimide + menthol
289 beclomethasone + clotimazole + neomycin + lodochlorohydroxyquinone
290 neomycin + doxycycline
291 ciprofloxacin + fluocinolone + clotrimazole + neomycin + chlorocresol
292 clobetasol + ofloxacin + ketoconazol + zinc sulphate
293 betamethasone + gentamicin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline
294 clobetasol + gentamicin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinone + ketoconazole
295 allantoin + dimethieone + urea + propylene + glycerin + liquid paraffin
296 acriflavine + thymol + cetrimide
297 betamethasone + neomycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorohydroxyquinoline + cholorocresol
298 clobetasol + neomycin + miconazole + clotrimazole
299 ketoconazole + tea tree oil + allantion + zinc oxide + aloe vera + jojoba oil +
Lavander oil + soa noodels
300 clobetasol propionate + ofloxacin + ornidazole + terbinafine
301 clobetasol + neomycin + miconazole + zinc sulphate
302 beclomethasone diproprionate + neomycin + tolnaftate + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline +
Chlorocresol
303 betamethasone + gentamycin + zinc sulphate + clotrimoazole + chlorocresol
304 borax + boric acid + naphazoline + menthol + camphor + methyl hydroxy benzoate
305 bromhexine + dextromethorphan
306 dextromethophan + chlopheniramine + bromhexine
307 menthol + anesthetic ether
308 dextrometharphan + chlopheniramine + ammonium + sodium citrate + menthol
309 ergotamine tartrate + belladona dry extarct+caffeine + paracetamol
310 phenytoin + phenobarbitone
311 gliclazide 40mg + metformin 400mg
312 paracetamol + ambroxol + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine
313 oflaxacin + ornidazole suspension
314 albuterol + etofylline + bromhexine + menthol
315 albuterol + bromhexine + theophylline
316 salbutamol+hydroxyethyltheophylline (etofylline) + bromhexine
317 paracetamol+phenylephrine+levocetirizine+sodium citrate
318 paracetamol + propyphenazone + caffeine
319 guaifenesin + diphenhydramine + bromhexine + phenylephrine
320 dried alumnium hydroxie gel + prophantheline + diazepam
321 bromhenxine + phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamol
322 beclomethasone + clotrimazole + gentamicin + lodochlorhydroxyquinoline
323 telmisartan + metformin
324 ammonium citrate + vitamin b 12 + folic acid + zinc sulphate
325 levothyroxine + phyridoxine + nicotinamide
326 benfotiamine + metformin
327 thyroid + thiamine + riboflavin + phyridoxine + calcium pantothenate + tocopheryl acetate +
Nicotinamide
328 ascorbic acid + manadione sodium bisulphate + rutin + dibasic calcium phosphate +
Adrenochrome mono semicarbazone
329 phenylephrine + chlorpheniramine + paracetamol + bromhexine + caffeine
330 clotrimazole + beclomethasone + lignocaine + ofloxacin + acetic aicd + sodium methyl paraben +
Propyl paraben

Avoid this combinations and be safe.

83 people found this helpful

How Can Nasal Obstruction Cause Clogged Ears?

MBBS, MS - ENT, DNB
ENT Specialist, Gurgaon
How Can Nasal Obstruction Cause Clogged Ears?

It is very common for patients with nasal obstruction to develop clogged ear as well. The back of the nose opens into a tunnel also known as the Eustachian tube. This tube goes up to the ear. In case the ears get clogged the pressure is released by popping of the ears. This is achieved by swallowing, yawning, and trying to blow the nose. When ear pops the tunnel opens and allows the pressure to release from the ear.

Reasons why nasal obstruction causes clogged ears:

  1. Mucosal Swelling: When the nose is obstructed, the nasal lining might swell thus making it difficult to breath. This might also lead to swelling in the tunnel of the ear causing it to shut down. Sometimes an ear pop does not happen in this condition and this is called as Eustachian tube dysfunction.
  2. Negative Pressure inside the Nose: In nose obstruction when the patient tries to breathe through the nose there is negative pressure. This might build up near the opening of the Eustachian tube or the back of the nose. This pressure gets transmitted to the ear and results in a negative pressure in the ear which leads to the clogging of the ear.
  3. Bernoulli's Principle: This principle states that in case of an inviscid flow, increase in speed of the fluid happens side by side with a pressure decrease.

Causes of Nasal Obstruction:

Obstruction or congestion of the nose leads to a stuffy and inflamed nose. In minor illnesses like fever, cold, sinus infection and flu stuffy nose can happen. This congestion might last for a week. In case the congestion is long term then the causes for it are:

  1. Allergies and hay fever
  2. Chemical and environmental irritants
  3. Septum deviation
  4. Chronic sinusitis that has lasted for too long
  5. Nasal polyps and benign tumors

Symptoms of nasal decongestion are runny or stuffy nose, painful sinus, and swollen nasal tissues along with mucus buildup.

Treatment for Nasal Decongestion:
Once the nasal congestion has been found and the cause behind it has been analyzed, then treatment is must. Treatment usually includes prescription medication or over the counter drugs. Medication of the nasal decongestion involves the following:

  1. Oral Antihistamines: These are helpful in treating allergies. Common ones are loratadine (Claritin) and cetirizine (Zyrtec)
  2. Nasal Sprays: Nasal sprays which contain antihistamine like azelastine (Astelin, Astepro)
  3. Nasal Steroids: Examples of this are mometasone (Asmanex Twisthaler) or fluticasone (Flovent Diskus, Flovent HFA)
  4. Antibiotics
  5. Over the counter or prescription decongestants
3938 people found this helpful

Allergic Conjunctivitis - 5 Top Ways To Deal With It!

Diploma In Allergy & Clinical Immunology, MBBS, MD - Paediatrics, M.Med - Family Medicine
Allergist/Immunologist, Kochi
Allergic Conjunctivitis - 5 Top Ways To Deal With It!

Allergic conjunctivitis is the result of a foreign particle (allergen) coming in contact with the eye. Once this happens, the immune system overreacts resulting into an inflammation of the eye. The eyes sore with pain. The over secretion of the histamine dilates the blood vessels causing the nerve to irritate and blood vessels of the eyes to expand. Some common reasons of allergic conjunctivitis include eye drops, pollen, dust mites, makeup and animal fur. The good news is that allergic conjunctivitis is easily treatable. Here are top five ways to deal with this condition:

  1. Taking care of the eye: It is advised not to wear contact lenses until the symptoms go away fully. If any medication is used, a person must wait for at least 24 hours before putting on the contact lenses. Sometimes our hands carry major pollens that result in allergic conjunctivitis. It is equally important not to rub the eye without washing both the hands. Many studies have also reported that frequent bathing of the eye with cold water helps to clear the symptoms quickly. Some even say that frequent splash of warm water does the trick.
  2. Avoid the allergen: Allergen being the villain behind the occurrence of this condition, it is very important to stay away from it. In peak pollen times, it makes sense to close the door. In case a person must go out, it makes sense to wear a sunglass. A pillow made of feathers should be changed every week to stay away from the infection. The number of dust mites at home should be decreased as much as one can.
  3. Antihistamines: To quickly get rid of allergic conjunctivitis, doctors often prescribe antihistamines. It can be in the form of eye drop or oral presentation. They can successfully counter the effect of histamine which the body produces because of the hyper activity of the immune system. An antihistamine can block the aggressive effect of the immune system in a short time. Some of the commonly prescribed histamines include loratadine, cetirizine, emedastine, and ketotifen. People taking this form of the medicine for the very first time should refrain from carrying heavy load or driving.
  4. Mast cell Stabilizers: These takes a little longer to act as compared to antihistamines. Their effects, however, are more lasting compared to its peers. Some of the popular mast cell stabilizers include nedocromil and lodoxamide. This medicine belongs to a non-steroid family and can successfully block the chemicals that cause inflammation.
  5. Corticosteroids: These medicines are only prescribed by doctors when the symptoms of allergic conjunctivitis are serious. They belong to the steroid family of medicine produced synthetically. They can reduce the immune response of the body quickly and reduce the swelling as well. They can have possible side-effects. It is therefore wise, to consult a doctor before using it. Consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
2932 people found this helpful

Safe and Unsafe Medications to Take While Pregnant

MBBS, DGO, MD - Obstetrics & Gynaecology, MRCOG
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Safe and Unsafe Medications to Take While Pregnant

Which medicines are safe to use during Pregnancy?

Normal pregnancy lasts for 38 to 42 weeks. However, there may be times during these weeks that you may have some physical issues such as vomiting, backache, and loose stools etc which require treatment with medicines.

Therefore, monitoring and managing these physical conditions becomes necessary to ensure a normal delivery.Management consists of both medicines and rehabilitation.Medicines are considered to be the first line of treatment; however, the health care provider needs to take care while prescribing medicines during pregnancy taking into consideration the harmful effects they can have on both – the mother and the foetus.  Medicines pass on via the placenta from the mother to the foetus. Hence, before prescribing any medicine the provider should check the possibilities of the medicine causing any congenital defect. You should avoid medicines from the time of conception till the first 10 weeks, as this is the time when the foetus is most prone to the get permanent congenital deformities. Medicines given in the later stages (after 10 weeks) may cause systemic damage. For example NSAIDs (Non Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) may lead to problems during labour or organ defects in the foetus.

Therefore, medicines should always be avoided during pregnancy. Still there are certain medicines, which can be taken but after consulting your physician. Let’s discuss the medicines that are safe during pregnancy.

The following is a list of medicines and their effects during pregnancy:

1. Analgesic Medicines

Paracetamol Safe
NSAIDs, such as aspirin May cause heart abnormalities in the third trimester

2. Opiates

Codeine Effective in low doses
Hydrocodone Effective in low doses
Hydromorphone Effective in low doses

3. Anaesthetics

Etomidate Unknown always ask your provider
Ketamine Avoid during the last trimester
Lorazepam Avoid for severe conditions, safe for short periods

4. Thrombolytics - The possible advantages of this class may balance the risk during pregnancy. Common medicines used are: Alteplase, Reteplase, Streptokinase, Urokinase.

5. Antidotes

Hydroxycobalamin antidote: cyanide Safe
Methylene blue antidote: methemoglobinemia Has a potential risk to the mother and foetus

6. Penicillins

First generation: penicillin G, benzathine penicillin, Bicillin, penicillin VK Safe
Second generation: oxacillin, dicloxacillin, nafcillin Safe

7. Cardiac agents

Adenosine Safe
Digoxin Not advised in third trimester
Lidocaine Safe

8. Diabetes: Insulin is safe to use during diabetes.

9. Antacids

Famotidine Low risk
Ranitidine Safe

10. Corticosteroids: Advised for short term use

Cetirizine Almost safe
Chlorpheniramine Safe

Always talk to your physician in case of any complication and before taking any medicine given above.

Table of Content

About Cetirizine
When is Cetirizine prescribed?
What are the contraindications of Cetirizine?
What are the side effects of Cetirizine?
Key highlights of Cetirizine
What are the dosage instructions?
Where is the Cetirizine approved?
Medicines containing Cetirizine
What are the interactions for Cetirizine?