Anti Cc Plus Syrup is an antihistamine which works by blocking the action of histamine in the body. It is used for relieving symptoms of sinus pressure, sinus congestion, runny nose, itching of the throat and nose, watery eyes, and sneezing due to upper respiratory infections, hay fever and allergies.
You are advised to not use this medicine if you are allergic to it or if you are taking or have taken sodium oxybate, furazolidone or a monoamine oxidase inhibitor within the last 14 days. Before using this drug, inform your doctor if you have breathing problems, glaucoma, heart problems, liver disease, high blood pressure, seizures, overactive thyroid, stomach problems or urination problems.
Some adverse effects include dizziness, confusion, anxiety, constipation, nausea, restlessness, blurred vision, dry mouth, decreased coordination, irritability, shallow breathing, hallucinations, tinnitus, problems with memory or concentration and trouble urinating.
You can take this drug in the form of a tablet, capsule, or liquid form by mouth with or without food. This medicine is usually recommended only for a short time until your symptoms are cleared. Do not take it for longer than 7 days in a row.
Bitter gourd juice contains a train of important nutrients ranging from iron, magnesium and vitamin to potassium and vitamin C. An excellent source of dietary fiber, it also contains twice the calcium of spinach, beta-carotene of broccoli, and the potassium of a banana. to reduce the bitterness of the drink iadd some honey or jaggery to it or pair it with sweet fruits like apple or pears. You can even add lemon juice to lessen the harsh taste of bitter melon juice. A pinch of black pepper and ginger can also decrease the tartness.
2. Karela Lowers Bad Cholesterol Levels-“Bitter gourd juice is anti-inflammatory and also helps in lowering the bad cholesterol levels in the body. Thereby, it significantly reduces the risk of heart attack and stroke.” It also maintains the blood pressure of the body as it is rich in potassium, which absorbs excessive sodium in the body. It is rich in iron and folic acid which are known to decrease the risk of stroke and keep your heart healthy.
3.Karela is Good for Glowing Skin and Lustrous Hair-It is powerful anti-oxidants along with vitamin A and C which prevent premature skin ageing and diminishes wrinkles. Furthermore, it reduces acne, aids in treating eczema and psoriasis, as well as protects the skin from the harmful UV rays.The nutrients vitamin A, vitamin C, Biotin and Zinc impart shine and lustre to your hair . Applying bitter gourd juice regularly to your scalp can decrease hair loss and greying of hair, treat split-ends and rough hair, shrug off dandruff, and combat itchiness. You can apply bitter gourd juice directly to stop hair fall or mix it with some curd and massage on your scalp and hair for conditioning.
4. Karela Cures Hangovers and Cleanses the Liver-Bitter gourd juice swiftly wipes out alcoholic intoxication settled in your liver.
5. Karela Helps in Weight Loss-Bitter gourd is low in calories, fat and carbohydrates. It keeps you full for longer and hence, it can easily fit in your weight loss plan.
6. Karela Boosts Your Immune System-Bitter gourd fights viruses and bacteria and strengthens your immunity. It prevents allergies and indigestion. The antioxidants work as powerful defense mechanisms against illness and also help fight free-radical damage .
7. Good for Eyes-it helps in preventing vision-related problems such as cataract since it has compounds like beta-carotene.
Tb is a disease which in humans is usually caused by bacteria called mycobacterium tuberculosis (m. Tuberculosis). Tb is an abbreviation of the word tuberculosis and is how people often refer to the disease.
Bovine tb is a disease caused by similar bacteria called mycobacterium bovis (m. Bovis). Bovine tb mainly affects cattle but can also affect humans.
Just a few years ago it was believed that tb was an old disease, and that it was no longer a problem in humans. But now because of such issues as drug resistance and hiv, it has become a major problem again.
Globally, more than 1 in 3 individuals is infected with tb. According to the who, there were 8.8 million incident cases of tb worldwide in 2010, with 1.1 million deaths from tb among hiv-negative persons and an additional 0.35 million deaths from hiv-associated tb. In 2009, almost 10 million children were orphaned as a result of parental deaths caused by tb.
Overall, the who noted the following:
1. Active tb
Active tb is an illness in which the tb bacteria are rapidly multiplying and invading different organs of the body. The typical symptoms of active tb variably include cough, phlegm, chest pain, weakness, weight loss, fever, chills and sweating at night. A person with active pulmonary tb disease may spread tb to others by airborne transmission of infectious particles coughed into the air.
If you are diagnosed with an active tb disease, be prepared to give a careful, detailed history of every person with whom you have had contact. Since the active form may be contagious, these people will need to be tested, as well.
Multi-drug treatment is employed to treat active tb disease. Depending on state or local public health regulations, you may be asked to take your antibiotics under the supervision of your physician or other healthcare professional. This program is called “directly observed therapy” and is designed to prevent abandonment or erratic treatment, which may result in “failure” with continued risk of transmission or acquired resistance of the bacteria to the medications, including the infamous multi-drug resistant tb (mdr-tb).
2. Miliary tb
Miliary tb is a rare form of active disease that occurs when tb bacteria find their way into the bloodstream. In this form, the bacteria quickly spread all over the body in tiny nodules and affect multiple organs at once. This form of tb can be rapidly fatal.
?Types of tb
1. Cavitary tb
Cavitary tb involves the upper lobes of the lung. The bacteria cause progressive lung destruction by forming cavities, or enlarged air spaces. This type of tb occurs in reactivation disease. The upper lobes of the lung are affected because they are highly oxygenated (an environment in which m. Tuberculosis thrives). Cavitary tb can, rarely, occur soon after primary infection.
Symptoms include productive cough, night sweats, fever, weight loss, and weakness. There may be hemoptysis (coughing up blood). Patients with cavitary tb are highly contagious. Occasionally, disease spreads into the pleural space and causes tb empyema (pus in the pleural fluid).
2. Latent tb infection
Latent tb occurs when a person has the tb bacteria within their body, but the bacteria are present in very small numbers. They are kept under control by the body’s immune system and do not cause any symptoms.
People with latent tb do not feel sick and are not infectious. They cannot pass the bacteria on to other people. In addition they will usually have a normal chest x-ray and a negative sputum test. It is often only known that someone has latent tb because they have had a test, such as the tb skin test.
You are at risk of tb infection if you are around people with active tb disease who are coughing, which releases bacteria into the air. The risk of infection increases for intravenous drug users, healthcare workers, and people who live or work in a homeless shelter, migrant farm camp, prison or jail, or nursing home.
Most people who are infected with the bacteria that cause tb do not develop active disease. The following factors increase the risk that latent disease will develop into active disease:
The mycobacterium tuberculosis bacterium causes tb. It is spread through the air when a person with tb (whose lungs are affected) coughs, sneezes, spits, laughs, or talks.
?Causes of tuberculosis
Although tuberculosis (tb) is most frequently associated with symptoms involving the lungs—because the disease most often affects the lungs—it can affect any organ of the body. The disease can cause a variety of symptoms. If you have symptoms, your doctor will want to know when they began.
People with latent tb infection (an infection without active disease) have no symptoms.
The usual symptoms of tb include:
The symptoms may be mild and may not seem particularly worrisome to the patient. In other people, the symptoms become chronic and severe.
Other symptoms of active tb disease depend on where in the body the bacteria are growing. If active tb disease is in the lungs (pulmonary tb), the symptoms may include a bad cough, pain in the chest, and coughing up blood. If active tb is outside the lungs (for example, the kidney, spine, brain, or lymph nodes), it is called extrapulmonary tb and has other symptoms, depending on which organs are affected. For example, tuberculosis in the spine may cause back pain or stiffness.
Diagnosis and test
Types of tb test
There are a range of tests to show if you have tb, such as a sputum test, a culture test and x-rays.
A chest x-ray can show damage in your lungs, but you might need further tests to prove you have tb, such as sputum and culture tests or scans.
A lab will use a microscope to look at any sputum (phlegm) that you cough up. If there are tb germs in your sputum, you have tuberculosis of the lungs or throat (pulmonary tb). This test also helps doctors to understand how infectious you may be.
If it is thought that you have tb, but not in your lungs or throat, the doctor may take a biopsy to test for tb. This is a small sample of tissue or fluid taken from the area where the tb is thought to be.
This test uses your sputum or tissue sample to grow any tb bacteria that may be there. It tells doctors how infectious you are and also whether your tb is resistant to any antibiotics. This helps ensure they put you on a combination of drugs that will cure you. As tb culture grows slowly, it may take up to eight weeks to get some of the results.
Treatment and medications
Treatment for active tb
If you have this form of the disease, you’ll need to take a number of antibiotics for 6 to 9 months. These four medications are most commonly used to treat it:
Your doctor may order a test that shows which antibiotics will kill the tb strain. Based on the results, you’ll take three or four medications for 2 months. Afterward, you’ll take two medications for 4 to 7 months.
You’ll probably start to feel better after a few weeks of treatment. But only a doctor can tell you if you’re still contagious. If you’re not, you may be able to go back to your daily routine.
Treatment of latent tb
The treatment of latent tb is considered by many people to be an important part of tb prevention.
It is not recommended that everyone with latent tb infection (ltbi) should have tb treatment. Rather it is recommended that certain “target” groups should receive treatment. The main “target” groups considered by the world health organisation (who) to be most at risk from progressing from latent to active tb include people in low tb burden countries:
Who have certain clinical conditions, or conditions which compromise their immune system, such as people with diabetes, and people with chronic renal failure.
In high tb burden countries the populations that are most strongly recommended for the treatment of latent tb infection are people living with hiv, and children under five who are household contacts of pulmonary tb cases.
Treatment for miliary tb
If you test positive for latent tb infection, your doctor may advise you to take medications to reduce your risk of developing active tuberculosis. The only type of tuberculosis that is contagious is the active variety, when it affects the lungs. So if you can prevent your latent tuberculosis from becoming active, you won’t transmit tuberculosis to anyone else.
Protect your family and friends
In countries where tuberculosis is more common, infants often are vaccinated with bacillus calmette-guerin (bcg) vaccine because it can prevent severe tuberculosis in children. The bcg vaccine isn’t recommended for general use in the united states because it isn’t very effective in adults. Dozens of new tb vaccines are in various stages of development and testing.
Spondyloarthritis (also known as spondyloarthropathy) is the term which describes the connective tissue diseases. It is the group of inflammatory diseases, including arthritis of the peripheral joints and spine (sacroiliitis or spondylitis); including the area where ligaments and tendons attach to bones (enthesitis or enthesopathy). These diseases cause pain or stiffness in the leg or arm joints, spine, ligaments and tendons become inflamed. Skin rashes, eye, and intestinal problems may also be able to occur.?
There are five types of spondyloarthritis
Ankylosing spondylitis or bechterew disease: it is the type of arthritis that affects the spine. Symptoms include pain and stiffness in the lower back and in the neck. Spine bones fuse together and it will become rigid spine and it leads to stoope over posture.
?Psoriatic arthritis: psoriatic arthritis is the form of arthritis that affects the people who have psoriasis. Most people diagnosed with psoriasis and later diagnosed with psoriatic arthritis. It may affect any part of the body such as fingertips and spine. The main symptoms are joint pain, stiffness, and swelling.
Reactive arthritis: it occurs due to the infection by certain bacteria. Often the bacteria’s from genitals (chlamydia trachomatis) or bowel (campylobacter, salmonella, shigella, and yersinia). It usually targets your knees and joints of ankles or feet.
Undifferentiated arthritis: undifferentiated inflammatory arthritis does not conform to any of the recognized inflammatory arthritis types. It may include monoarthritis of a single joint; oligoarthritis, which is usually when four or fewer joints are involved; or polyarthritis, which usually involves many small joints.
Risk factors may be higher due to following reasons:
Symptoms and complications of spondyloarthritis
The first and major symptoms of all types of spondyloarthritis are severe low back pain, swelling of arms, stiffness, and fatigue. The different types of spondyloarthritis can be manifested by the following signs and symptoms.
Diagnosis and testing
First a doctor may ask for patient’s medical history, physical exam and may suspects for symptoms of spondyloarthritis. To confirm doctor may perform the following diagnosis and tests.
Treatment of spondyloarthritis.
Prevention and control measures
Frozen shoulder is painful inflammatory condition associated with stiffness and loss of motion in shoulder. The pain gradually grows and becomes chronic leading to restricted movement. Due to inflammatory conditions the muscles surrounding the shoulder becomes stiff. Frozen shoulder has vague triggers, which usually surfaces as a complication commonly in people with diabetes, thyroid disorders, heart disease, and Parkinson's disease and people with chronic rheumatism or arthritis. The general approach towards frozen shoulder is prescription of painkillers, anti-inflammatory and physical therapy to restore the ROM.
What is the suffering
As the chronicity advances the movement of the shoulder is severely restricted, with progressive loss of both active and passive range of motion. The condition is sometimes caused by injury, leading to lack of use due to pain, but can also arise spontaneously with no obvious trigger (idiopathic frozen shoulder). Rheumatic disease progression and recent shoulder surgery can also cause a pattern of pain and limitation similar to frozen shoulder. Intermittent periods of use may cause inflammation.
In frozen shoulder, the synovial fluid becomes scarce resulting in diminished joint lubrication between the head of humerus (Upper arm bone) and the socket of the scapula. Due to friction as precipitating factor, the shoulder capsule swells, thickens and tightens due to stiffness of ligamentous bands of scar tissue. As a result, the joint movement becomes stiff.
How to know
First sign of a frozen shoulder is that the joint becomes so tight and stiff that it is nearly impossible to carry out simple movements, such as raising the arm. The movement that is most severely inhibited is abduction and external rotation of the shoulder. Lots of tests are done clinically to assess the frozen shoulder. One of the best test is “Scratch Test” and 2nd is the Lateral external rotation.
People complain that the stiffness and pain worsen at night or the pain is worse during morning. Pain due to frozen shoulder is usually dull or aching. It can be worsened with attempted motion. A therapist or practitioner may suspect the patient has a frozen shoulder if a physical examination reveals limited shoulder movement. XRay of rhe shoulder or an MRI scan may confirm the diagnosis, though its mostly diagnosed clinically.
The frozen shoulder, according to the chronicity is categorised into stages.
Stage one: "freezing" or painful stage, which may last from six weeks to nine months, and in which the patient has a slow onset of pain. As the pain worsens, the shoulder loses range of motion.
Stage two: "frozen" or adhesive stage is marked by a slow improvement in pain but the stiffness increases. This stage generally lasts from four to nine months.
Stage three: "thawing" or recovery, when shoulder motion slowly returns toward normal. This generally lasts from 5 to 26 months.
What to Do
Frozen shoulder makes the person so disable that he cannot work without pain. Management of the frozen shoulder is focused on restoring joint movement and reducing shoulder pain, involving medications, physical therapy and /or surgical intervention. Treatment may continue for months, there is no strong evidence to favour any particular approach. Medications frequently used include NSAIDs and corticosteroids. Alternative medicines like homeopathy, ayurveda also gives great results. Alternative measures like physical therapy, exercise therapy, yoga have good impact in increasing the range of motion.
It’s not just painful but also very irritating to have that odd neck, back, knee or any other muscular pain. Just sitting and waiting for the pain to go is something that we just cannot do. We want instant relief! Some of us wonder how we even got this pain. Asking around we find answers such as an incorrect posture of the body, too much of physical stress on a particular muscle or staying still in one position for a long time. Right, long working hours sitting in front of a computer.