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Overview

Albendazole

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Albendazole is an antiparasitic medication that is used for treating a number of diseases caused by an infestation of parasitic worms. It is generally taken for diseases like neurocysticercosis (affecting the brain, muscles and other tissues), giardiasis (intestinal infection), hydatid disease, pinworm disease (intestinal infection), ascariasis (gastrointestinal infection), filariasis (affecting the lymph nodes and vessels) and others. The medicine falls under the group of drugs known as anthelmintics, which expels the parasitic worms either by stunning them or killing them without causing notable damage to the host body. It is available in the form of tablets and can be taken orally.

An antiparasitic, Albendazole is used for treating certain infections caused by tapeworms like hydatid disease (parasitic infestation) and neurocysticercosis (infection affecting the brain, muscles as well as well as other tissues). The anthelmintic drug kills the sensitive parasites in your body.

The Albendazole has to be taken orally. You can swallow it with water or crush it and chew it. You can also take it with food. Before you start this medication, you must inform your doctor if you have any of the following health conditions:

  • Blockage in the biliary tract
  • Liver disease
  • A low blood count (low platelet, white cell or red cell count)
  • If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant
  • If you are a breast-feeding mother
  • In case you are allergic to Albendazole, or any other medicines or food
  • In case you forget to take a dose of Albendazole, you can take the medication as soon as you remember it. However, if you remember at a time when you are about to take your next dose, igone the missed dose and follow your schedule from the upcoming dose. Do not take two doses together just because you missed one. It should also be kept in mind not to stop your medicines before the prescribed time, even if you think you are feeling better. Apart from that, you must consult your child?s paediatrician before using Albendazole to treat your child?s condition.

    The mild side effects that are common for taking Albendazole are headache, dizziness, diarrhea and loss of hair. However, you should consult your doctor as soon as you can if you experience any of these symptoms:

    • A skin rash, itching, hives, swelling of your lips, tongue or the face. It would indicate that you had an allergic reaction to the medication.
    • If you are suffering from fever, sore throat or chills.
    • Changes in your vision.
    • Sudden seizures
    • Unusual bleeding or bruising
    • Redness or yellowing of the skin, or blisters, peeling and loosening of your skin. It may also include the insides of your mouth.
    • Discoloured urine or light coloured stool
    • Losing appetite, or pain in the right side of your upper belly
    • Feeling unusually tired or weak
    • Having flu-like symptoms

    Since Albendazole may cause liver problems in some cases, it is advised to limit your consumption of alcohol when you are under this medication.

Hydatid Disease
Albendazole is used in the treatment of Hydotid disease or Echinococcosis caused by larva of dog tapeworm.
Neurocysticercosis
Albendazole is used in the treatment of pork tapeworm infection.
Enterobiaisis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of pinworm infection.
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of threadworm infection.
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of roundworm infection.
Trichuriasis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of whipworm infection.
Cutaneous Larva Migrans
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of hookworm infection of skin.
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of filarial worm infection.
Albendazole maybe used in the treatment of intestinal infection in children caused by Giardia parasite.
Albendazole is not recommended if the you are allergic to Albendazole or any drug belonging to the parent group namely, Benzimidazoles.
In addition to its intended effect, Albendazole may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Fever Major Common
Albendazole may cause fever after administration. The incidence should be reported immediately to the Doctor.
Headache Major Common
Albendazole may cause headaches if the intended use is to kill the parasites present in the brain.
Nausea or Vomiting Major Common
Albendazole may cause nausea or vomiting or both if the intended use is to kill the parasites present in the brain.
Seizures Major Less Common
Albendazole may cause seizures or fits if the intended use is to kill the parasites present in the brain.
Darker Urine Moderate Less Common
Albendazole may cause the urine color to change to dark yellow.
Temporary Hair Loss Moderate Less Common
Albendazole may cause hair loss while taking the medication. But the hair loss is reversible and returns to normal.
Elevated Liver Enzymes Moderate Common
Albendazole may cause the liver enzyme liver to go up to moderate levels. Severe liver damage could be a possibility if the dosage is prolonged.
Allergic Skin Reaction Major Rare
Albendazole may cause a rare skin reaction called Erythema Multiforme. Other severe skin reactions including hives, rashes etc could also occur.
Blood Reactions Major Rare
Albendazole could cause blood reactions resulting in tiredness, lack of breath, abnormal bruising and bleeding.
How long is the duration of effect?
Albendazole is broken down in the liver and remains active in the body for an average of 8.5-9 hours.
What is the onset of action?
Albendazole is poorly absorbed from the Gastro-intestinal tract and reaches its peak levels within 2-5 hours of administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Albendazole is suspected to cause harm to the developing fetus in pregnant women. Since there is a lack of conclusive evidence from studies on human, it is not recommended for use. However, its usage could be considered in cases where the potential benefits outweigh the risks associated.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Albendazole is not excreted in the breast milk. It is recommended to consult a doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
The missed dose should be taken as soon as one remembers. However, if it is time for the next scheduled dose, then one should skip the missed one.
Are there any overdose instructions?
One should contact the Doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdosage include confusion, fainting, and difficulty in breathing.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Grapefruit Juice Moderate
Albendazole should not be taken with grapefruit juice in order to avoid the unpredictable effect.
Interaction with Medicine
Clozapine Major
Any sign or symptom of infection should be properly reported. Usage of either of the drugs should be reported to the Doctor so that safer alternatives can be prescribed.
Dexamethasone Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage is to be made under doctor's supervision before Albendazole is prescribed along with dexamethasone
Praziquantel Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage is to be made before Albendazole is prescribed along with Praziquantel
Carbamazepine Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage of Albendazole along with monitoring of levels by the Doctor is recommended.
Phenytoin Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage of Albendazole along with monitoring of levels by the Doctor is recommended.

Popular Questions & Answers

Deworming - 13 days ago I had taken Bandy 400 mg (Albendazole), after many years. I felt tiny worms wriggling in the stool next morning. Do I need repeat tomorrow?

MBBS
Gastroenterologist, Gurgaon
Hello, You should not use this medicine if you are allergic to albendazole, or to similar drugs such as mebendazole (Vermox). To make sure albendazole is safe for you, tell your doctor if you have: liver disease; or bone marrow suppression. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful

Hello Doc, I have a cotton thread like think found in my stools today. Also I am having nausea from last 1 week. I have a little heaviness in stomach also I have taken 1 Albendazole (400 mg) today. Should I take one Albendazole (400 mg) tomorrow also or just one is enough. Kindly reply. Thanks.

BHMS
Homeopath, Bhopal
Hello Lybrate User, its a case of thread worm. You need to take 2 cycles of Albendazole for curing this. Take second dose of Albendazole after 2 weeks of first dose. If your symptoms still persist, you can consult me for proper treatment.

I am having recurrent giardia for the last 1.5 years and I have taken tinidazole (2 gram once), metronidazole (400 mg* 3 times for 7 days) once and metronidazole (14 days) another time, rifamaxin (10 days), albendazole (400 mg *5 days) during this these 18 months and still have symptoms. Can someone please help?

B.Sc (Bio), DMS (Cal), CMS , FWT, PET, DMLT (Cal), SBHM, Vacc,
Homeopath, Kolkata
Please you may take the given medicine for your suffering. 1) Cina -200. 2) Teucrium Marrumverum -200. In no 30 globules. To be taken four globules thrice daily before food no 1 and after food no 2 for one month. And report me the result for your suffering and consult with me over audio call. Notes:- do not take fatty, oily, spicy, fried food. Do not take water during meal, taken planty of water, water should be taken before one or two hour or after every meal.
1 person found this helpful

Popular Health Tips

Medications Play a Key Role in Treatment

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, Senior Resident Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, Ahmedabad
Medications Play a Key Role in Treatment

What are antidepressants and mood elevators?

Often depression or mood changes are caused by the imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain. Anti-depressants or mood elevators are medications that are prescribed to patients with depression to alleviate their symptoms. Anti-depressants are not solely used for the treatment of depression, it is also prescribed in other psychiatric conditions which includes anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dysthymia (mild chronic depression) etc.

With time, the use of anti-depressants has been on the rise. Although, anti-depressants do not cure your depression, it relieves the symptoms of the same. Anti-depressants come in various types. The first one you try may not benefit you; however you must consult your doctor and find the right choice of medication for your condition.

Anti-depressant adherence
Non-adherence to anti-depressants can have major consequences on your health. It also majorly contributes to the under treatment of anxiety and depression in maximum cases in the population. The reasons why people do not comply with their therapy or treatment are various; forgetting to take the medicine being the primary one. Other factors that contribute to non-adherence of anti-depressants include-

  1. Fear of addiction
  2. High cost of medications
  3. Fear of drug-induced sexual dysfunction
  4. Delayed onset of action of the medication
  5. Poor instructions and protocols given by the doctor
  6. Fear of side effects

Adherence to the medication with proper guidance from the doctor has seen to decrease the symptoms of depression in the patients, leading them get back to their normal life. Under-treatment of depression can become fatal. If the depression escalates, suicidal tendencies can follow. Apart from these, suddenly stopping the medication has been associated with withdrawal symptoms which can get fatal in severe cases. In recent times, depression has become a common problem with the rise of fatalities caused by depression. As important as it may be to consult a doctor to get your symptoms diagnosed and get the right treatment, it is of equal importance that one adheres to the therapy and abides by the guidelines.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

2698 people found this helpful

Homeopathy - Debunking Some Myths!

BHMS, MD-Homeopathy, PGPC - Preventive Cardiology
Homeopath, Delhi
Homeopathy - Debunking Some Myths!

There are scores of myths about Homeopathy which are circulated to discredit this all natural and highly effective healing treatment. In this article we are going to dispel all the popular myths relating to homeopathy so that you can judge for yourself and grasp the science of homeopathy in a better way.

Myth #1: Homeopathy is just balls of sugar which comes with a placebo effect
This is an absolutely erroneous idea. Homeopathic medicines are not just sugar pills- they come in various forms like dilution, tablet, ointment, pellets, mother tincture etc. Homeopathy is becoming popular around the globe because it is gentle, non-toxic, and efficacious and a much cheaper alternative to allopathic medicine.

Myth #2: Allopathic medicines cannot be taken in combination with homeopathy
This is yet another popular misconception about homeopathy. As we know, allopathic medicines, when stopped altogether all of a sudden, can suddenly flare up the intensity of the symptoms. No competent homeopathy doctor would advise you to discontinue your allopathic medication abruptly. Generally, the dosage of the allopathic medicine is reduced till it is stopped when steady improvement sets in.

Myth #3: Intake of tea/coffee or onion and garlic is cut down in homeopathic treatment
Though this was a popular practice in homeopathy, no modern homeopathic doctor would restrict your consumption of beverages or onion/garlic. These substances will never interfere with the medicine as long as they are consumed in moderation while maintaining a time gap between these items and the medicine.

Myth #4: Homeopathic medicines take forever to bring in effects
The time required for the homeopathic medicine to act greatly depends on the disease itself. Acute diseases which build up quickly (such as headache, fever or common cold) can be very quickly treated with the right homeopathic medicine. However, chronic diseases such as asthma, arthritis, migraine, eczema, bronchitis etc., surely need some time to be completed cured.

Myth #5: Homeopathy works only in children
This is yet another common mistake most people make since homeopathy is known to work wonders for children and adults alike. When homeopathic medication is given to children or adults right at the onset of the symptoms, the disease is not only healed but the resistance of the child is also improved. Homeopathic medications would prevent the disease from becoming chronic.

Myth #6: Homeopathic is herbal or Ayurvedic medicine
Though Homeopathy makes use of microdoses of extracts from herbs and plants, it should never be confused with herbal or Ayurvedic medications. The science of homeopathy which had its origin in Germany is considerably different from the workings of other alternative medicines such as Ayurveda.

5 people found this helpful

The Role Of Medication In Treating Depression!

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
The Role Of Medication In Treating Depression!

What are antidepressants and mood elevators?

Often depression or mood changes are caused by the imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain. Anti-depressants or mood elevators are medications that are prescribed to patients with depression to alleviate their symptoms. Anti-depressants are not solely used for the treatment of depression, it is also prescribed in other psychiatric conditions which includes anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dysthymia (mild chronic depression) etc.

With time, the use of anti-depressants has been on the rise. Although, anti-depressants do not cure your depression, it relieves the symptoms of the same. Anti-depressants come in various types. The first one you try may not benefit you; however you must consult your doctor and find the right choice of medication for your condition.

Anti-depressant adherence
Non-adherence to anti-depressants can have major consequences on your health. It also majorly contributes to the under treatment of anxiety and depression in maximum cases in the population. The reasons why people do not comply with their therapy or treatment are various; forgetting to take the medicine being the primary one. Other factors that contribute to non-adherence of anti-depressants include-

  1. Fear of addiction
  2. High cost of medications
  3. Fear of drug-induced sexual dysfunction
  4. Delayed onset of action of the medication
  5. Poor instructions and protocols given by the doctor
  6. Fear of side effects

Adherence to the medication with proper guidance from the doctor has seen to decrease the symptoms of depression in the patients, leading them get back to their normal life. Under-treatment of depression can become fatal. If the depression escalates, suicidal tendencies can follow. Apart from these, suddenly stopping the medication has been associated with withdrawal symptoms which can get fatal in severe cases. In recent times, depression has become a common problem with the rise of fatalities caused by depression. As important as it may be to consult a doctor to get your symptoms diagnosed and get the right treatment, it is of equal importance that one adheres to the therapy and abides by the guidelines.

In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!

3833 people found this helpful

World Sexual Health day- Dispel your myths !

Diploma in Family Medicine, M.Sc - Psychotherapy
Sexologist, Pune

On the occasion of world sexual health day.
This day is being celebrated every year since 2010 by world association for sexual health. 
This year the theme is sexual health: eilminate the myths.
 As talking about sex life is considered a taboo, a lot of myths and misconceptions related to sexuality are rampant in all age groups and all the populations, rich or poor, educated or uneducated. Most of the them are wrong beliefs and are potenetially harmful to one's sexual and marital health.

Also, many industries are making huge amounts of money by feeding in such wrong beliefs to the society, such as spurious medicines, oils, illegal drugs, and such related services who offer miracle cures and charge huge amounts of money for conditions which are not even a disease. E. G dhat syndrome. They are doing so by instilling fear and ill-based beleifs in people's mind.

For those who are interested in educating themselves and live a better healthy life, here are some discussions

Some common myths dispelled

1. Menstrual blood is impure and women become impure during menstruation.
Correction: menstruation is normal physiological process in the womans body, there is nothing abnormal or sinister about it.

2. If a couple is not able to have a baby, it is the woman who is" baanz" and responsible for not getting pregnant.
Correction: in case of infertile couple the infertility factor may be due to either the male or the female or somtimes with both the partners.

3: some women are unable to bear a male child! sometimes such woman is abandoned or divoreced.
Correction: according to todays knowledge, the sex/gender of the unborn child depends entirely on the male sperm which has fertilised the ovum. If sperm carried the female chromosome the child will be a female and vice versa. So a woman has little of no role in determining the sex of the unborn child.

4. Sex is only for procreation (for having babies) and not for recreation (for mutual enjoyement).
Correction: in case of human being unlike animals, sex is basically meant for mutual pleasure and not just for having babies. Or else human beings will have to give birth to millions and trilions of babies every time they had sex, cause the semen contains millions of live sperms.

5. Sex and sexual pleasure is the forte of the men and women are only supposed to comply to men's wishes.
Correction: in human beings, both men and women are endowed with enough intelligence as well as body capacities. A women also has the capacity of wanting, and enjoying sex just as her male partner and for a happy couple life, both partners should make each other happy in bed too.

6. The sex life ends with women's menopause and the men crossing 40 to 50 years of age.
Correction: most men if are in good health after 40s, are able to remain sexually active well in their 70s or even 90s. Most women after late 30s or after menopause, in fact feel more interested in sex because they no longer fear getting pregnant.

7. A man can get erection whenever he wants.
Correction: just as a woman may have ups and downs of sexual desire, similarly men also go variation in their libido or erection depending upon physical condition, stress etc.

8. Masturbation and night fall leads to sexual dysfunction and loss of sexual power.
Correction: mastrubation and night fall are normal physiological processes of the body. They are as natural as feeling hungry and passing stools every day. They do not cause any loss of sexual power unless they have formed addictions. 

9. To satisfy women men should have long and thick penis.
Correction: satisfaction depends upon the intimacy and communication between two partners and the mutual ability to pleasuer each other. It is the not the cup that matters, it is the coffee inside the cup which is important.

10. A woman is virgin only if her hymen is not broken or only if she bleeds during first coitus.
Correction: there are no sureshot methods to gauge the intactness of virginity in males as well as in females. In a woman, the hymen may be absent altogether or may have broken duing running or cycling etc.

11. Sex and talking about sexual health is obscene and absurd.
Correction: making it a taboo will in fact spread lot of false information. If treated in a scientific way, talking about sex can be as normal as talking about normal life events.

12. Homosexuality is choice / homosexuality is a disease
Correction: people do not choose to be homosexuals, they usually exhibit or express what they are really born with! one does need to rememebr there can be compelling factors such as blackmail, emotional/physical, or lack of availability of opposite sex partner. 

13: sex education spoils the youth and encourages them to experiemnt.
Correction: any education imparts knowledge and helps you to make informed decisions, so is true with sex education. It makes one a responsible human being.

 Sexual health is the right of every person.

3 people found this helpful

Myths And Misconceptions About Fitness!

MBBS
General Physician, Chittorgarh
Myths And Misconceptions About Fitness!

Everyone wants a slim suave figure and heads to a gym to work out and get trim. Fitness has its own share of myths and misconceptions

Almost everyone heads to a gym these days. If the guys want six pack abs the girls want well toned hips and thighs. Working out is good but there are several myths and misconceptions which shroud fitness. Dr. Earnest vijay, fitness director, o2 health studio dispels some of these myths.

Myth 1
Doing crunches helps to get six pack abs

This is not true. Men do crunches for abs and women do for well toned hips and thighs. The truth is that crunches only work on the muscles and not on the fat. If you see a surya or a hrithik roshan with six pack abs remember they haven’t had a sip of water for over 24 hours to get that look! so crunches alone don’t help to get six packs.

Myth 2
Spot reduction- does it work?

 People come to the gym saying they want spot reduction. They want to lose weight only on the arms not on the face, only on the face not on the cheeks etc. The truth is that you cannot choose and loose in exercise. Fat loss is an overall phenomenon is exercise and also based on genetics. We say what is the first to come is the last to go! so spot reduction doesn’t work for sure!

Myth 3
Crash dieting- how effective?

People follow crash diets and they do loose weight but it piles back in no time. These crash diets have no proper balance of proteins, fats and carbohydrates. Most of them are high in protein and are un healthy because they don’t give the body the required minerals. It is important to consult a dietician and take the recommended dietaty allowances according to the body weight and it should be a plan that can be followed for a life time.

Myth 4
Yo yo effect

 There is a huge misconception that you lose weight when you are exercising in the gym and when you stop gymming you gain back double the weight. This is not true. You won’t gain more if you maintain a certain level of physical activity even outside the gym and also continue to follow the diet. It is only when you don’t burn the calories you consume it gets stored as fat and tend to put on weight.

Myth 5
Weight training builds muscles

Many women don’t do weight training because they think they will build up muscles. The truth is that women have no hormones which can cause muscles to build up. Weight training actually helps to strengthen bones and prevent osteoporosis in women.

Myth 6
Do you need supplements?

Proteins and fat burners are not required if you are eating healthy and working out well. The recommended protein requirement is 1 gram of protein per kg body weight per day and this we get from our diet itself. Fat burners cause adverse effects to the cardiovascular and nervous systems.

Myth 7
Don’t take water while working out?

Water is needed before, during and after exercise. The best is to weight yourself before the work out and after the work out and consume as much water as the weight you have lost during the work out. It is important to remain well hydrated to prevent cramps, heat strokes and it helps you perform better in the gym.

Myth 8
Yoga helps for weight loss

Fitness involves a cardio vascular fitness, muscle strengthening, flexibility and body composition and there is a specific exercise for all. Yoga helps only the flexibility, stress and improves the breathing capacity. One needs to do specific exercises for specific goals and yoga alone may not help for weight loss.

Myth 9
Exercise causes over eating

Moderately intense exercise does not cause over eating. This means you don’t go out of breath while exercise. Only people who over do it, get completely breathless end up over eating after exerciseing.

Myth 10
Skipping meals- does it help?

It is said that those who skip breakfast to lose weight usually end up eating 100 calories more than required for lunch. It is important to break meals into 5 portions and have balanced quantities of carbohydrates, proteins and fats in them. A well balanced meal is important to keep the body healthy.

So all you fitness freaks out there…. Make sure you eat healthy, exercise well, don’t believe in myths that misguide you! a simple work out, a healthy diet and a positive frame of mind can all get you to the figure you always dreamt of! 

1 person found this helpful