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Overview

Albendazole

Prescription vs.OTC: Prescription by Doctor required

Albendazole is an antiparasitic medication that is used for treating a number of diseases caused by an infestation of parasitic worms. It is generally taken for diseases like neurocysticercosis (affecting the brain, muscles and other tissues), giardiasis (intestinal infection), hydatid disease, pinworm disease (intestinal infection), ascariasis (gastrointestinal infection), filariasis (affecting the lymph nodes and vessels) and others. The medicine falls under the group of drugs known as anthelmintics, which expels the parasitic worms either by stunning them or killing them without causing notable damage to the host body. It is available in the form of tablets and can be taken orally.

An antiparasitic, Albendazole is used for treating certain infections caused by tapeworms like hydatid disease (parasitic infestation) and neurocysticercosis (infection affecting the brain, muscles as well as well as other tissues). The anthelmintic drug kills the sensitive parasites in your body.

The Albendazole has to be taken orally. You can swallow it with water or crush it and chew it. You can also take it with food. Before you start this medication, you must inform your doctor if you have any of the following health conditions:

  • Blockage in the biliary tract
  • Liver disease
  • A low blood count (low platelet, white cell or red cell count)
  • If you are pregnant or planning to get pregnant
  • If you are a breast-feeding mother
  • In case you are allergic to Albendazole, or any other medicines or food
  • In case you forget to take a dose of Albendazole, you can take the medication as soon as you remember it. However, if you remember at a time when you are about to take your next dose, igone the missed dose and follow your schedule from the upcoming dose. Do not take two doses together just because you missed one. It should also be kept in mind not to stop your medicines before the prescribed time, even if you think you are feeling better. Apart from that, you must consult your child?s paediatrician before using Albendazole to treat your child?s condition.

    The mild side effects that are common for taking Albendazole are headache, dizziness, diarrhea and loss of hair. However, you should consult your doctor as soon as you can if you experience any of these symptoms:

    • A skin rash, itching, hives, swelling of your lips, tongue or the face. It would indicate that you had an allergic reaction to the medication.
    • If you are suffering from fever, sore throat or chills.
    • Changes in your vision.
    • Sudden seizures
    • Unusual bleeding or bruising
    • Redness or yellowing of the skin, or blisters, peeling and loosening of your skin. It may also include the insides of your mouth.
    • Discoloured urine or light coloured stool
    • Losing appetite, or pain in the right side of your upper belly
    • Feeling unusually tired or weak
    • Having flu-like symptoms

    Since Albendazole may cause liver problems in some cases, it is advised to limit your consumption of alcohol when you are under this medication.

Hydatid Disease
Albendazole is used in the treatment of Hydotid disease or Echinococcosis caused by larva of dog tapeworm.
Neurocysticercosis
Albendazole is used in the treatment of pork tapeworm infection.
Enterobiaisis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of pinworm infection.
Strongyloidiasis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of threadworm infection.
Ascariasis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of roundworm infection.
Trichuriasis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of whipworm infection.
Cutaneous Larva Migrans
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of hookworm infection of skin.
Filariasis
Albendazole may be used in the treatment of filarial worm infection.
Giardiasis
Albendazole maybe used in the treatment of intestinal infection in children caused by Giardia parasite.
Allergy
Albendazole is not recommended if the you are allergic to Albendazole or any drug belonging to the parent group namely, Benzimidazoles.
In addition to its intended effect, Albendazole may cause some unwanted effects too. In such cases, you must seek medical attention immediately. This is not an exhaustive list of side effects. Please inform your doctor if you experience any adverse reaction to the medication.
Fever Major Common
Albendazole may cause fever after administration. The incidence should be reported immediately to the Doctor.
Headache Major Common
Albendazole may cause headaches if the intended use is to kill the parasites present in the brain.
Nausea or Vomiting Major Common
Albendazole may cause nausea or vomiting or both if the intended use is to kill the parasites present in the brain.
Seizures Major Less Common
Albendazole may cause seizures or fits if the intended use is to kill the parasites present in the brain.
Darker Urine Moderate Less Common
Albendazole may cause the urine color to change to dark yellow.
Temporary Hair Loss Moderate Less Common
Albendazole may cause hair loss while taking the medication. But the hair loss is reversible and returns to normal.
Elevated Liver Enzymes Moderate Common
Albendazole may cause the liver enzyme liver to go up to moderate levels. Severe liver damage could be a possibility if the dosage is prolonged.
Allergic Skin Reaction Major Rare
Albendazole may cause a rare skin reaction called Erythema Multiforme. Other severe skin reactions including hives, rashes etc could also occur.
Blood Reactions Major Rare
Albendazole could cause blood reactions resulting in tiredness, lack of breath, abnormal bruising and bleeding.
How long is the duration of effect?
Albendazole is broken down in the liver and remains active in the body for an average of 8.5-9 hours.
What is the onset of action?
Albendazole is poorly absorbed from the Gastro-intestinal tract and reaches its peak levels within 2-5 hours of administration.
Are there any pregnancy warnings?
Albendazole is suspected to cause harm to the developing fetus in pregnant women. Since there is a lack of conclusive evidence from studies on human, it is not recommended for use. However, its usage could be considered in cases where the potential benefits outweigh the risks associated.
Is it habit forming?
No habit forming tendencies were reported.
Are there any breast-feeding warnings?
Albendazole is not excreted in the breast milk. It is recommended to consult a doctor before consuming the drug.
Are there any missed dose instructions?
The missed dose should be taken as soon as one remembers. However, if it is time for the next scheduled dose, then one should skip the missed one.
Are there any overdose instructions?
One should contact the Doctor immediately if an overdose is suspected. Symptoms of overdosage include confusion, fainting, and difficulty in breathing.
India
United States
Japan
Whenever you take more than one medicine, or mix it with certain foods or beverages, you're at risk of a drug interaction.
Interaction with Alcohol
Alcohol
Interaction with alcohol is unknown. It is advisable to consult your doctor before consumption.
Interaction with Lab Test
Lab
Information not available.
Interaction with Food
Grapefruit Juice Moderate
Albendazole should not be taken with grapefruit juice in order to avoid the unpredictable effect.
Interaction with Medicine
Clozapine Major
Any sign or symptom of infection should be properly reported. Usage of either of the drugs should be reported to the Doctor so that safer alternatives can be prescribed.
Dexamethasone Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage is to be made under doctor's supervision before Albendazole is prescribed along with dexamethasone
Praziquantel Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage is to be made before Albendazole is prescribed along with Praziquantel
Carbamazepine Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage of Albendazole along with monitoring of levels by the Doctor is recommended.
Phenytoin Moderate
Suitable adjustments in the dosage of Albendazole along with monitoring of levels by the Doctor is recommended.

Popular Questions & Answers

I am having recurrent giardia for the last 1.5 years and I have taken tinidazole (2 gram once), metronidazole (400 mg* 3 times for 7 days) once and metronidazole (14 days) another time, rifamaxin (10 days), albendazole (400 mg *5 days) during this these 18 months and still have symptoms. Can someone please help?

B.Sc (Bio), DMS (Cal), CMS , FWT, PET, DMLT (Cal), SBHM, Vacc,
Homeopath, Kolkata
Please you may take the given medicine for your suffering. 1) Cina -200. 2) Teucrium Marrumverum -200. In no 30 globules. To be taken four globules thrice daily before food no 1 and after food no 2 for one month. And report me the result for your suffering and consult with me over audio call. Notes:- do not take fatty, oily, spicy, fried food. Do not take water during meal, taken planty of water, water should be taken before one or two hour or after every meal.
1 person found this helpful

I am 23 year old mail and I have worms in my stomach. I have itching in the bottom ass area as well. I have taken Albekem plus tablet one month before and it was fine. But after one month again I am feeling the same as before. Can I take the tablet again? Or is there any problem if we take regularly?

MBBS
General Physician, Jaipur
Get tested stool examination 2 or 3 times it will give idea what type of worms and other details although tablet albendazole may be taken after a month better after taking tablet get stool tested. Check drugs available on doctors prescription.
1 person found this helpful

Hi doctor, please suggest the zentel suspension dosage for 15 months baby. They don't have any problem as such, just the doctor had asked to deworm at least once a year, kindly suggest.

MBBS, MD-Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Bareilly
Hi doctor, please suggest the zentel suspension dosage for 15 months baby. They don't have any problem as such, just ...
Thanks for query Give 5 ml of albendazole till 2 years and thereafter 10 ml albendazole. 5 ml=200 mg albendazole Single dose anytime Thanks.

Popular Health Tips

The Role Of Medication In Treating Depression!

MBBS, MD Psychiatry, DPM Psychological Medicine
Psychiatrist, Kolkata
The Role Of Medication In Treating Depression!

What are antidepressants and mood elevators?

Often depression or mood changes are caused by the imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain. Anti-depressants or mood elevators are medications that are prescribed to patients with depression to alleviate their symptoms. Anti-depressants are not solely used for the treatment of depression, it is also prescribed in other psychiatric conditions which includes anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dysthymia (mild chronic depression) etc.

With time, the use of anti-depressants has been on the rise. Although, anti-depressants do not cure your depression, it relieves the symptoms of the same. Anti-depressants come in various types. The first one you try may not benefit you; however you must consult your doctor and find the right choice of medication for your condition.

Anti-depressant adherence
Non-adherence to anti-depressants can have major consequences on your health. It also majorly contributes to the under treatment of anxiety and depression in maximum cases in the population. The reasons why people do not comply with their therapy or treatment are various; forgetting to take the medicine being the primary one. Other factors that contribute to non-adherence of anti-depressants include-

  1. Fear of addiction
  2. High cost of medications
  3. Fear of drug-induced sexual dysfunction
  4. Delayed onset of action of the medication
  5. Poor instructions and protocols given by the doctor
  6. Fear of side effects

Adherence to the medication with proper guidance from the doctor has seen to decrease the symptoms of depression in the patients, leading them get back to their normal life. Under-treatment of depression can become fatal. If the depression escalates, suicidal tendencies can follow. Apart from these, suddenly stopping the medication has been associated with withdrawal symptoms which can get fatal in severe cases. In recent times, depression has become a common problem with the rise of fatalities caused by depression. As important as it may be to consult a doctor to get your symptoms diagnosed and get the right treatment, it is of equal importance that one adheres to the therapy and abides by the guidelines.

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8 Ways To Lose Weight Before Wedding

M.Sc - Dietitics / Nutrition, B.Sc. - Dietitics / Nutrition
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8 Ways To Lose Weight Before Wedding

Your wedding day is one of, if not the most special day in your life as you enter a new phase with your partner. One of the most important facets of looking your best during your wedding is to lose weight. Here are some points to remember and abide by when you are trying to lose weight-

  1. Keep the target of losing weight a priority – You will have to ensure that exercising, following a strict diet and all the regimens are strictly adhered to in order to achieve success on this front. This should be started at least a few months before the wedding day so that results are visible on the day itself.

  2. Reduce alcohol intake – Alcohol intake should be reduced as much as possible; bear in mind that it is even more difficult to achieve this as the day comes nearer. Numerous parties and gathering will have an offering of alcohol but it is best if you either abstain from it or severely limit your intake. Even small portions but regular consumption will dampen your efforts to lose weight.

  3. Must have breakfast – Breakfast is the most important meal of the day and it is important that you have a healthy and satisfying breakfast to give you energy all day long. If you skip on breakfast, there is a possibility of overcompensating for it during other meals which will slow down weight loss or will contribute to weight gain.

  4. Limit your food intake in various parties – Much before the marriage, you will have to attend as well as host many parties such as showers, bachelor parties, and many others. Foods served in these parties, in most cases, will be very fattening. Thus limit your food intake at various parties or opt for healthy options when you have control over the kind of food to be served.

  5. Try seeking help and support – It is important to have proper mental support when trying to lose weight. There may be enablers in your home who might try to derail you from your goals unknowingly, and it is thus important to have proper support that will help you stay on the path. You could even seek professional support to help achieve your goals.

  6. Reduce Stress – Stress and panic are two of the major contributors to binge eating which contribute to weight gain and thus may slow down or halt your weight loss progress. Mediate daily to reduce and keep stress levels in check.

  7. Don’t Starve – This is a mistake many people make by not eating and over-exercising while trying to lose weight. However, this can rebound and come back to haunt you in a much bigger manner wherein you might end up binge eating. Hence, it is important to not starve and munch on healthy food such as fruits and other low calorie snacks.

  8. Drink plenty of water, which is a very important ingredient in weight loss – An area which you shouldn’t neglect and skimp on, drinking sufficient water is also a necessity in order to achieve your weight loss goals. If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult a dietitian-nutritionist.

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MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
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Depression - Medications Play a Key Role in Treatment

What are antidepressants and mood elevators?

Often depression or mood changes are caused by the imbalance of neurotransmitters in the brain. Anti-depressants or mood elevators are medications that are prescribed to patients with depression to alleviate their symptoms. Anti-depressants are not solely used for the treatment of depression, it is also prescribed in other psychiatric conditions which includes anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), dysthymia (mild chronic depression) etc.

With time, the use of anti-depressants has been on the rise. Although, anti-depressants do not cure your depression, it relieves the symptoms of the same. Anti-depressants come in various types. The first one you try may not benefit you; however you must consult your doctor and find the right choice of medication for your condition.

Anti-depressant adherence
Non-adherence to anti-depressants can have major consequences on your health. It also majorly contributes to the under treatment of anxiety and depression in maximum cases in the population. The reasons why people do not comply with their therapy or treatment are various; forgetting to take the medicine being the primary one. Other factors that contribute to non-adherence of anti-depressants include-

  1. Fear of addiction
  2. High cost of medications
  3. Fear of drug-induced sexual dysfunction
  4. Delayed onset of action of the medication
  5. Poor instructions and protocols given by the doctor
  6. Fear of side effects

Adherence to the medication with proper guidance from the doctor has seen to decrease the symptoms of depression in the patients, leading them get back to their normal life. Under-treatment of depression can become fatal. If the depression escalates, suicidal tendencies can follow. Apart from these, suddenly stopping the medication has been associated with withdrawal symptoms which can get fatal in severe cases. In recent times, depression has become a common problem with the rise of fatalities caused by depression. As important as it may be to consult a doctor to get your symptoms diagnosed and get the right treatment, it is of equal importance that one adheres to the therapy and abides by the guidelines.

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Preconception Care - Things You Must Take Care of!

When a woman is expecting her child, she has a lot of responsibilities on her shoulders for the health and well-being of herself and her child. An expectant mother is recommended to follow certain rules and give up certain habits, so that during the pregnancy period she and the unborn child in her womb get all the nutrients for the healthy growth of the baby. There are certain preconception cares that the expecting mother must abide by.

Some of these are explained below:

  • Giving up of bad habits: Smoking and drinking are not uncommon habits in today’s world. But when you are pregnant, it is advised that you give up these habits for some time at least. Smoking or inhalation of smoke makes it difficult for the child to breathe inside. Furthermore, if you are into substance abuse, then it is expected that you would give it up as well when you are pregnant.
  • Health Supplements: Folic acid is a must during pregnancy. This is why medical practitioners often recommend you to take folic acid pills once a day to keep your immune system strong. It also provides you enough supplements for production of red blood cells and provides for the much needed iron in your body.
  • Counselling: Many times people think that counselling is needed by those who are mentally unstable or in need of immediate help. But that is not the case. Counselling is important for every expectant woman. This is primarily to calm you down as you undergo several hormonal changes. Further, if you are pregnant for the first time then it is to guide you about the complications and side effects of pregnancy.
  • Proper Immunization: There are a few vaccinations that you need to take when you are expecting. These would help in the proper development of the child, keep you away from severe diseases as well as boost your immune system. Thus, proper and timely vaccinations are a must during your pregnancy period.

Thus, these are some of the tips and rules that a pregnant woman must follow in order to make sure that she and her baby are healthy. These are often advised by the medical practitioner themselves, but on their own as well, woman take care of these points. These are just outlined to make the woman more cautious before the birth of her child. They are good for both the mother and the baby.

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Are your regular exercises and the strict diet proving futile on your quest for a tighter and a flatter tummy? You can consider getting an 'abdominoplasty' or 'tummy tuck' done. This cosmetic surgery helps in flattening your abdomen by taking off the extra skin and fat and tightening up the muscles in the walls of your abdomen.

The procedure
1. The first step involves choosing a surgeon for consultation.
2. There are two types of ‘tummy tuck’ surgery, both carried out under general anesthesia. ‘Complete abdominoplasty’ whereby, your surgeon would dissect your abdomen from one hipbone to the other and then give an outline to your muscle, tissue and skin. ‘Mini or partial abdominoplasty’ are recommended for people whose fat deposits are underneath their naval region.

Complete Abdominoplasty
‘Complete Abdominoplasty’ involves making a big incision around the lower part of the tummy from one hip to another, making a second cut in order to free the belly of the tissue that surrounds that region, separating the skin from the walls around the abdomen, re-aligning the muscles in the abdomen, removing the supplementary skin and fat and then pulling forth the skin remains and stitching them too.

Partial Abdominoplasty
Partial Abdominoplasty requires making a large cut on the lower belly, separating the skin from your abdominal wall, cutting out the excess fat, removing the additional skin and holding the remaining part of the skin together and finally stitching it in place.

Time taken for the surgery
The surgery may stretch from one to about five hours. Or you can consult a surgeon online.

Pre-requisites

  • You will have to cut down on the consumption of alcohol and especially smoking; smoking leads to more complication and slows down the healing process.
  • It is recommended to have a well-balanced meal before the surgery.

After-care

  • You may suffer from swelling and pain in the days after the surgery, for which your doctor would prescribe pain-killers.
  • Regardless of the type of surgery conducted, the portion that was operated on would be stitched and bandaged. Therefore, it is very important to abide by the surgeon’s instructions about how you should take care of the dressing in the days to follow.
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