Orthopedics is a specialized branch of medical science which is concerned with diseases, injuries and complications of the musculoskeletal system or the skeleton and muscles in the body. This discipline also includes managing and treating disorders of the joints, ligaments, tendons and nerves. Therefore, orthopedic physicians are specialists in the field of orthopedics who provide non-surgical and surgical treatment for musculoskeletal problems. The term orthopedics is derived from two Greek words ‘ortho’ meaning straight and ‘paedia’ meaning children. Orthopedists are medical specialists who provide relief from injuries, fractures, diseases and pain. Added to that, orthopedists also devise rehabilitation programs for people who are disabled in addition to research in the field of orthopedics. They treat both chronic and acute injuries and pain. Some chronic conditions treated by an orthopedist are in nature congenital, such as muscular dystrophy or club foot. A vast number of disorders affect the body’s musculoskeletal system which require treatment from an orthopedist. These disorders include arthritis, bursitis elbow condition, foot pain and problem, fractures, Paget’s disease of bone, scoliosis, shoulder pain etc. An orthopedist uses MRI scans to detect the exact location of an injury and mete out treatment accordingly. An orthopedist also involves himself in functional mobility balance, soft tissue mobilization, body mechanics, casting, splinting, management instruction in safe ambulation etc. Non-surgical treatment methods also used by an orthopedist, include therapies, joint injections, NSAIDs and other pain killers, nerve root blocks etc. Lybrate is sure to come to your help in locating skilled orthopedists in Kolkata who will understand and treat your problems effectively. We ensure that the best doctors get chosen through rigid screening and guidelines. Therefore, subscribe to Lybrate and get in touch with leading orthopedists in Kolkata. Given below are some of the top orthopedists in Kolkata.
An orthopedist specializes in correcting deformities of the skeletal system.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT ORTHOPEDIST?
Patients should see an orthopedist if they have been advised to get a knee replacement.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF ORTHOPEDIST?
An orthopedist diagnoses injuries, provides treatment in form of medication and/ or surgery, helps in rehabilitating the patient's strength and function by prescribing physiotherapy, and takes preventive measures to prevent or slow injury in patients.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE ORTHOPEDIST FOR
An orthopedist can provide treatment for foot and ankle deformities, sprains, heel pains and spurs.
DID YOU KNOW?
Osteoporosis causes more than 8.9 million fractures yearly, worldwide, which results to an osteoporotic fracture every 3 seconds.
Causes and Risk Factors Associated with Arthritis
Arthritis is a disease in which the joints in your body swell. Inflammation or swelling can be caused due to body's natural response to injury or disease. It can cause discomfort in the form of pain, stiffness as well as difficulty in movement. Major types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, and gout. Causes of arthritis Arthritis is generally caused by a combination of factors. It can happen due to genetic factors in case the disease runs in the family. Sometimes it can be caused due to injuries of the past; it can also be a by-product of your lifestyle. Some of the common causes of arthritis are: 1. Genetic makeup in which arthritis can be a hereditary trait 2. Physically taxing work life or injuries caused in an accident 3. Imbalance in the immunity system 4. Infections in the joint. Risk Factors associated with arthritis 1. Family history - You can be prone to develop arthritis if it runs in the family. It can occur due to its hereditary trait hence making you more vulnerable to the environmental factors which contribute to developing arthritis. 2. Age - The risk of arthritis can increase with age. Types like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis and gout are more common in the old age. 3. Gender - Your sex is an important factor as women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis while men are prone to suffer from gout. 4. Joint injury - Joint injury caused due to accidents or due to sports activities can trigger arthritis. People with previous joint injuries can develop arthritis in that joint. 5. Obesity - Excess weight can put a lot of pressure on the joints, on the knees and hips in particular. Hence, obese people have more chances of developing arthritis than fitter people.