Diabetic Retinopathy is a complication that arises due to diabetes, in which the blood vessels in the retina are damaged. People who have type I and type II diabetes can develop diabetic retinopathy. Symptoms are:
• Mild vision problems in the beginning
• Spots or dark strings floating in your vision
• Fluctuating vision
• Dark or empty areas in vision
• Vision loss
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
Diabetic retinopathy is best diagnosed by an ophthalmologist with a dilated eye exam. For this exam, drops placed in your eyes widen (dilate) your pupils to allow your doctor to better view inside your eyes. The drops may cause your close vision to blur until they wear off, several hours later.
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATED?
The main form of treatment for this ailment includes focal laser treatment which can stem the leakage of the blood and fluid into the retina. Scatter laser treatment and a vitrectomy can also be used to remove the scar tissue that tugs at the retina.
DID YOU KNOW?
Diabetes retinopathy is a systemic disease and an ocular manifestation of diabetes that occurs in about 80% of people who have had diabetes for over 20 years. The longer you have diabetes, the greater will be your risk of developing this condition.