Geriatric dentistry or geriodontics is providing dental care to the elderly (60 and above). It includes diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of problems associated with normal aging and age-related diseases as part of an interdisciplinary team with other health care professionals. The dental diseases that the elderly are particularly prone to are root caries, periodontal disease, missing teeth because of earlier neglect, edentulism, poor quality of alveolar ridges, ill-fitting dentures, mucosal lesions, oral ulceration, dry mouth, oral cancers, and rampant caries. It provides palliation and symptomatic relief for oral mucositis, xerostomia and chronic exacerbations of periodontium. The modules of Geriatric Dentistry are evaluation of aged oral tissues with strong emphasis on evaluation of common geriatric medical issues like dementia. Understanding the issues of polypharmacy. Denture dispersing, proper monitoring of concerned specialists and stress on hospitality. Dental conditions associated with aging include dry mouth (xerostomia), root and coronal caries, and periodontitis, patients may show increased sensitivity to drugs used in dentistry, including local anesthetics and analgesics. It is always important to consult with an experienced geriatric specialist as well as dentist for xerostamic medication if needed. Avoiding spicy, salty food and tobacco use should be avoided. In addition, medications like antihypertensive, antipsychotics, anxiolytics, etc., lead to xerostomia, and the absence of the protective effects of saliva in the oral cavity increases the exposure to oral disease.
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