Dermatophytosis, more commonly known as a ringworm, is a fungal infection of the skin. Ringworm is a misnomer. The infection isn't caused by a worm. It’s caused by a fungus. Ringworm infection can affect both humans and animals. The infection initially presents itself with red patches on affected areas of the skin and later spreads to other parts of the body. The infection may affect the skin of the scalp, feet, groin, beard, or other areas. Symptoms vary depending on where you're infected. With a skin infection, you may experience the following: 1.red, itchy, scaly, or raised patches 2.patches that develop blisters or begin to ooze 3.patches that may be redder on the outside edges or resemble a ring 4.patches with edges that are defined and raised If you're experiencing Dermatophytosis in your nails, they may become thicker, discolored, or begin to crack. If the scalp is affected, bald patches may develop.
HOW IS DERMATOPHYTOSIS DIAGNOSED?
The doctor will diagnose ringworm by examining the skin and possibly using a black light to view your skin in the affected area. The fungus will fluoresce (glow) under black light. The infected areas of the skin where the fungus is located will glow. A skin biopsy or a KOH exam may be recommended for further diagnosis.
HOW IS DERMATOPHYTOSIS TREATED?
The dermatologist may recommend both medications and some lifestyle adjustments to treat ringworm. Medications are as follows: The dermatologist may prescribe various medications, depending on the severity of your ringworm infection. Ketoconazole is a prescription strength cream that is often used to treat fungal infections. Over-the-counter medications and skin creams may be recommended for use as well. Over-the-counter products may contain clotrimazole, miconazole, or other related ingredients. Home Care treatments are as follows: In addition to prescription and over-the-counter medication, your doctor may recommend that you care for your infection at home by practicing some of the following behaviors, including: 1.Avoiding clothing that irritates the infected area 2.Washing bedding and clothes daily during an infection 3.Cleaning and drying your skin regularly
DID YOU KNOW?
Daily washing of the bedding and clothing is also recommended for such patients.