Cardiology is a science that deals with the functioning of the heart and the circulatory system, and an expert of this branch of medical science is known as a cardiologist. Cardiologists can be of two types, vis-a-vis, adult cardiologists and pediatric cardiologists. While both take care of diseases and disorders of the heart and the circulatory system (former in adults and the latter in children), the difference is that the first is a specialization of internal medicine, and the second is a specialization of paediatrics. It is interesting to note that surgery is not a part of the functions of a cardiologist and all types of surgeries of the heart are performed by cardiothoracic surgeons. A cardiologist is primarily responsible for identifying the symptoms of heart diseases, diagnosing them and as well as providing treatment for them. He or she may recommend a number of tests in the regard such as an echocardiogram, a cardiac catheterization, an exercise test and an ambulatory ECG. Even though cardiologists are not surgeons, some of them may have the required skills to put a pacemaker in your heart.
You can consult a cardiologist for a number of diseases such as aneurysm, atherosclerosis, aortic rupture, varicose veins, cardiac arrests, cardiac myopathy, deep vein thrombosis, hypertension and many more. It is important to be mindful of common heart disease symptoms which include pain in the chest, shortness of breath, dizziness, rapid heart rate, numbness, a bluish skin tone etc.
If you feel that you’ve experienced any of these symptoms and need to consult a cardiologist, you can go through Lybrate’s extensive list of prominent cardiologist in Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai. Lybrate’s comprehensive collection of cardiologists features only the best in Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai. Each of these cardiologists go through background checks before being enlisted for consultation in Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai. Given above is a list of top cardiologists in Fortis Malar Hospital, Chennai.
A cardiologist examines issues of the heart and blood vessels and has special training in detecting, analyzing, treating and preventing heart complications and vascular diseases.
WHEN SHOULD YOU CONSULT CARDIOLOGIST?
It is important to go to a cardiologist if you are experiencing symptoms of heart complication and vascular disease.
WHAT IS THE ROLE OF CARDIOLOGIST?
Additional medical testing might be required after which the cardiologist makes an individualized diagnosis of the case and prescribes medication, lifestyle changes and/or surgery.
COMMON PROBLEMS YOU SHOULD SEE CARDIOLOGIST FOR
A cardiologist can also help in disorders of the lung.
DID YOU KNOW?
The heart has its own electrical impulses and can function outside the body if it has a sufficient blood supply.
What Causes Sudden CARDIAC DEATH?
Sudden cardiac death occurs when your heart stops functioning unexpectedly and suddenly. When this happens if you experience sudden cardiac arrest and blood stops flowing to the brain and other vital organs. Sudden cardiac arrest usually results in death if it is not treated within minutes. Occurring during a heart attack, the sudden cardiac arrest should not be mistaken for a heart attack. The immediate cause of sudden cardiac arrest is usually an abnormality in your heart rhythm, which is the result of a problem with your heart's electrical system. Your heart has its own electrical stimulator, which is a specialized group of cells called the sinus node located in the upper right chamber of your heart. The sinus node generates electrical impulses that flow in an orderly manner through your heart to synchronize heart rate and coordinate the pumping of blood from your heart to rest of your body. If something goes wrong with the flow of these electric impulses through your heart, a condition known as arrhythmia occurs, causing your heart to beat too fast or too slow or in an irregular manner. Often these interruptions in rhythm are momentary and harmless. But if it is severe it can lead to a sudden stop in heart function. Ventricular fibrillation is the most common life threatening arrhythmia which is the uncontrolled twitching or quivering of muscle fibers. It must be treated immediately to save a person's life. It can be treated by delivering a quick electric shock through the chest. Risk Factors: There are many risk factors that increase the risk of sudden cardiac death including the history of previous heart attacks, coronary artery disease, smoking, hypertension, high cholesterol, obesity and diabetes.