Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums, usually caused by a bacterial infection. If left untreated, it can become a more serious infection known as periodontitis. Gingivitis and periodontitis are major causes of tooth loss in adults. The symptoms are:
• gums that are red, tender, or swollen
• gums that bleed when you brush or floss your teeth
• gums that have pulled away from the teeth
• loose teeth
• a change in how your teeth fit together when you bite (malocclusion)
• pus between teeth and gums
• pain when chewing
• sensitive teeth
• partial dentures that no longer fit
• foul-smelling breath that does not go away after you brush your teeth
HOW IS GINGIVITIS DIAGNOSED?
Your dentistry examination will help in identifying the condition. A dental probe is done along with x-rays to identify bone loss.
HOW IS GINGIVITIS TREATED?
Treatment for the same includes cleaning teeth regularly, using an oral hygiene mouthwash and oral antibiotics for faster healing. Alongside dental intervention may be needed like root planing and scaling for getting rid of tartar, rough spots in the mouth, etc. wit surgery in some cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Gingivitis can be prevented by following a proper oral hygiene regime.