Hormones play a vital role in keeping our mind and body healthy. There are several disorders which are caused by and related to hormonal imbalance i.e. presence of too much or too little of any hormone in the body. They can lead to hair loss or excessive hair growth. Both of these are symptoms as well as effects of endocrine disorders.
Hair growth, either too much or too little, is more than often related to hormonal issues. Some of the most common ones include-
- Hypothyroidism: It is a disorder which occurs when there is insufficient production of hormones by the thyroid gland. It leads to the thinning of hair and hair loss. Individuals suffering from hair loss due to hypothyroidism must take medication to optimize hormone production to improve hair growth.
- PCOS: Poly Cystic Ovarian Syndrome or PCOS is a disorder seen in women. It is often associated with high levels of male hormone or testosterone in the body. PCOS leads to excess facial hair growth and loss of scalp hair. Controlling PCOS involves bringing about a change in lifestyle, eating healthy and taking medications as prescribed by a gynaecologist or endocrinologist to balance hormone production.
- Low Oestrogen Levels in Women: Low level of a reproductive hormone called Oestrogen among women is a leading cause of hair loss in them. Women in their mid and late 40s often face hair growth issues because of an imbalance of this hormone during menopause. Hair growth can be improved during this time by following a balanced diet and ensuring that hair is nourished well. High Cortisol levels: Also known as the ‘stress hormone’, cortisol is that hormone which is produced by the adrenal glands. Excess stress in life increases the production of the cortisol hormone which triggers hair loss by reducing the production of two important skin elements hyaluronan and proteoglycans which are associated with hair growth.
Hair growth in the human body is regulated by hormone production. Thus, excessive hair growth and hair loss are both mostly related to some hormone imbalance. One must visit an endocrinologist to deal with the root cause of these problems.