My name is Dr. Ruby Sehra. ART (Artificial Reproductive Techniques) are of 3 types. The commonly used techniques are IUI, IVF, ICSI. What is IUI? IUI is when husband's semen is washed and planted into the uterus and when sperm count is less or when the husband is having some problem in erection. Husband's semen can be preserved and can be utilized for IUI. Or in case sperm count is less or there is the thick mucus and it can reach the egg, in this case, IUI is helpful. Here normal ovulation is allowed to occur. Whenever you have normal follicular of 18 mm than an injection of rupturing the follicular is given to within 24-36 hours. It is an affordable treatment and absolutely painless procedure.
So, one should not get scared of this IUI procedure. Second is IVF and it is used when a woman is stimulated i.e. when multiple eggs are formed, they are taken out from a transvaginal procedure. This procedure is done under anesthesia. And it is a painless procedure. Once the eggs have been retrieved from your ovaries and placed with the washed semen. They both are fertilized together outside of the body. And when the embryo is formed, it is implanted in the uterus. This procedure is done mostly when it is unexplained fertility or when the cause is not known. Or you are trying it normally or with the IVF than IVF has been suggested. IVF is mostly done when the female tubes are blocked. Now the 3rd procedure is called ICSI.
This procedure is done in male infertility. When the count is low and the motility is low or when they are not able to come into the semen. Eggs are retrieved from the ovaries and the special instrument is there which is called micro-manipulator. With the help of this, a single sperm is injected into the good egg and then the baby is formed. When the embryo is formed, it is still in the uterus for 48 hours as in the procedure of IVF. If some problem is there in either of them then this procedure is used. You should go for it without any problem. The success rate of IUI is around 20%. The success rate is also varied from center to center. ICSI also has a good success rate. It is a good procedure in treating male infertility.