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Last Updated: Jan 10, 2023

Hypothyroidism - Know The Facts!

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Dr. Ravindra ChhajedDiabetologist • 28 Years Exp.MBBS, FCPS - Medicine, DNB - General Medicine (I)
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Hypothyroidism is the commonest type of thyroid gland disorder. True or false? Take this quiz to find out.

1. Hypothyroidism is caused by an excess of Iodine in the diet.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer - B: False
Hypothyroidism is the condition where the thyroid gland secretes hormones less than required normally. The condition is caused by a shortage of the trace element iodine in the daily diet.

2. Hypothyroidism causes goiter.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer - A: True
Goiter is a swelling of the thyroid gland that forms a large lump in the throat. Hypothyroidism is the principal cause of goiter formation.

3. Which of the following are symptoms of hypothyroidism?

  1. Hair loss
  2. Being easily fatigued
  3. Feeling cold all the time
  4. All of the above

Answer - D: All of the above
The thyroid gland has an important role to play in a number of bodily activities, and reduced activity of it causes a number of physical problems. Inability to tolerate cold and feeling cold all the time is one of the most visible symptoms of hypothyroidism. It also has other symptoms including excessive fatigue and hair loss.

4. Hypothyroidism is more common in females How does it affect the female reproductive system?

  1. Irregular and heavy menstruation
  2. Stoppage of menstruation
  3. Both of these
  4. None of these

Answer - C: Both of these
Hypothyroidism has a very significant effect on the menstrual cycle. It changes the rate of menstruation, causing irregular periods with heavy bleeding. Hypothyroidism may also stop menstruation completely. These reduce chances of pregnancy.

5. Hypothyroidism is the commonest type of thyroid gland disorder.

  1. True
  2. False

Answer - A: True
Hypothyroidism is a disorder of the thyroid gland where reduced amount of the hormone thyroxin is secreted by it. Among the disorders of the thyroid gland, hypothyroidism is the most common worldwide.


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