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Hemorrhoids - How Can Surgical Treatment Help?

Reviewed by
Dr. Tanmay Jain 87% (10 ratings)
MBBS, MS - General Surgery, Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery
General Surgeon, Jaipur  •  7 years experience
Hemorrhoids - How Can Surgical Treatment Help?

Hemorrhoids can be very painful and are impossible to ignore. They can be defined as internal or external swollen veins. In some cases, making a few lifestyle changes such as eating fiber-rich foods and drinking plenty of water may be enough to relieve the problem. In other cases, surgery may be required. Surgery for hemorrhoids depends on the severity of the case. There are many different types of surgeries that may be performed.

Banding
Banding or rubber band ligation is a surgical process used to treat internal hemorrhoids. This involves placing a tight band around the hemorrhoid base to cut off its blood supply. This procedure does not involve the use of anesthesia.

Sclerotherapy
This is also used to treat internal hemorrhoids. It involves injecting a particular chemical into the hemorrhoid that makes the hemorrhoid shrink and keeps it from bleeding. This procedure does not involve the use of anesthesia.

Coagulation therapy
Coagulation therapy is also referred to as infrared photocoagulation. The procedure involves the use of infrared light and extreme heat and cold. The aim here is to help the hemorrhoid shrink and retract. It may be performed with an anoscopy. An anoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to look inside the rectum with the help of a scope. This procedure does not involve the use of anesthesia.

Hemorrhoidal artery ligation
Hemorrhoidal artery ligation (HAL) or transanal hemorrhoidal dearterialization (THD) is often used to remove hemorrhoids. It involves using an ultrasound to locate the swollen blood vessels and then closing these off. This procedure does not involve the use of anesthesia.

Hemorrhoidectomy
Large external hemorrhoids can be treated with a hemorrhoidectomy. Internal hemorrhoids that have prolapsed and are not responding to other forms of treatment can also be treated with this procedure. The procedure is performed while the patient is under general anesthesia or local anesthesia. The hemorrhoids are then cut off surgically. Hospitalization may be required for a few days after this procedure.

Hemorrhoidopexy
This procedure is also known as stapling and may be performed while the patient is under local or general anesthesia. It is typically used to treat prolapsed hemorrhoids. During the procedure, the doctor staples the prolapsed hemorrhoid to the walls of the rectum and cuts of the blood supply to the affected vein. By doing this, the tissue is allowed to shrink and be reabsorbed into the body. As compared to a hemorrhoidectomy, stapling is less painful and has a quicker recovery time.

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