The gallbladder is the small organ that is located on your liver’s underside, and functions primarily to store bile that aids the body in breaking down fats. The extra bile produced by the liver is then stored in the gallbladder, so that it is later released into the system when you consume fats that need to be broken down. However, one must remember that normal digestion is possible without a gallbladder, but the bile keeps flowing into the small intestine, but isn’t stored along its way in your gallbladder.
Often, gallstones are the primary reason that happens to prompt an individual to undergo a surgery. Another reason why you might have to rid yourself of the gallbladder itself is owing to the fact that the case of gallstones might be an acute one, or due to the incidence of other complications usually associated with your gallbladder. In most cases, however, the following procedures are employed to provide the patient relief:
This surgery is generally performed with the use of an anaesthetic, by rendering the patient unconscious. Once the anaesthesia is employed, an antiseptic solution is used to clean the abdomen so that the risk of infection is drastically reduced. Incisions are made in the upper portion (on the right) of the abdomen, while the liver is carefully lifted out of the way in order to facilitate easy removal of the gallbladder. The next step deals with closing and suturing the incision. The recovery period for this procedure is longer than most other options, and is accompanied by a lot of postoperative pain.
In this method, the surgery is carried out with the help of general anaesthesia, and instead of creating one large incision, four tiny cuts are made into the abdomen. One incision is purposely made under the navel wherein a laparoscope is inserted. Instruments are then inserted through other incisions, and the gallbladder is then cut free and drawn out through one of these incisions. Once the procedure ends, the incisions are stapled or sutured.