I am Dr. CM Batra. I am senior consultant endocrinologist in Apollo Hospital, Delhi. I will be talking to you today on bone disorders in endocrinology i.e. the hormonal disorder. Hormonal diseases that cause disease in the bone. The 3 bone disorders which are there in endocrinology in which hormones play the effective role. They are: osteomalacia, hyperparathyroidism, osteoporosis. All 3 presents with bone pain. Pain in the legs, body and increased chances of fracture. Osteomalacia is due to the deficiency of vitamin-D.
In this bone becomes weak and brittle and there are small fractures with severe pain. And the treatment is given with the vitamin-D and calcium supplements. 2nd disease: hyperparathyroidism, in this glands behind the neck becomes large and produces the a lot more hormones and causes PTH. PTH destroys the bones. This again represents with the bone pain and fractures. It is also represented as a renal calculi i.e. kidney stones. The treatment is to locate the tumor and remove it. 3rd is called osteoporosis. In this bones become weak and usually it is seen in post menopausal woman or man above the age of 50 years old. The diagnosis is done by bone mineral densitometer. With this patient can be scanned and we can see that how much bone density is there. The treatment is very simple in the form of drugs.