6 Precautionary Measures That Asthmatic Patients Must Take!
Written and reviewed by
Pediatric interventional Pulmonology - Italy, MD - TB & Chest, Fellowship Training Intensive Care, Fellow College of Chest physicians, European Diploma in Respiratory Medicine, Interventional Pulmonology , Greece, European Diploma in Intensive Care Medicine, Fellow Indian college of critical care, Thoracoscopy ( France ), Pediatric interventional Pulmonology
2020 years experience
While winter may feel like a welcome respite after a hot summer, the cold dry air can aggravate asthma symptoms. The cold also increases sinus and upper respiratory tract infections that in turn worsen asthma. However, there are still ways you can still enjoy the winter without worsening your asthma. Here are a few tips
- Get a flu shot: Asthma does not increase your flu risk but you may experience a worse flu as compared to a person who does not have asthma. Hence, it is advisable for everyone over the age of 6 months to get an annual flu shot before the winter sets in. Asthma patients should pick the injectable vaccine over the nasal spray as it contains inactivated flu viruses.
- Sit away from the fireplace: It is tempting to cozy up to the warm fire, but this can be detrimental to your asthma. This is because the smoke produced by burning wood can irritate your lungs and cause breathing trouble. For this reason, you should also stay away from second-hand cigarette smoke. It goes unsaid that cigarette smoking should be completely avoided by an asthma patient.
- Keep your mouth closed: Make an effort to breathe only through your nose. This is because the nostrils are lined with tiny hairs that filter the air and warm inhaled air. You could also wear a scarf or muffler around your nose and throat.
- Replace your filters: It is essential to replace filters on your air condition and heating systems before the winter. If left as it is, they can make the air polluted and also make the dust flow through your house. This can trigger an asthmatic attack. Also, keep an eye on the humidity levels within your home.
- Exercise indoors: Avoid stepping outdoors in early morning and late evenings, as this is when the fog and dust concentration is worst in the air. Instead, exercise indoors, if you have a gym close by, this is the time to become a member. Else, experiment with other forms of exercise such as yoga, aerobics etc. If you must exercise outdoors, step out during the middle of the day when the sun is out. It is also very important to warm up properly before exercising in the winters.
- Take your medications: Always keep your inhaler handy. Do not let your work or social calendar affect your medicines and take them regularly as prescribed. Get yourself checked up as per the schedule and do not change your dosage on medication without your doctor’ advice. In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
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