Vulvar Cancer happens on the vulvar region and one issue here is that most people don't really have symptoms here. But there are some women who do tend to experience a lot of itchiness and pain in the area. In rare cases, there is also a tumor like growth here followed with some pus or discharged. Other symptoms include slight bleeding, weight loss, painful urination and discharge from the area are common symptoms.
HOW IS VULVAR CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the Vulvar Cancer is done by doing a tissue test along with a scan of the area.
HOW IS VULVAR CANCER TREATED?
Staging and treatment are generally handled by an oncologist familiar with gynecologic cancer. Surgery is a mainstay of therapy depending on anatomical staging and is usually reserved for cancers that have not spread beyond the vulva. Surgery may involve a wide local excision, radical partial vulvectomy, or radical complete vulvectomy with removal of vulvar tissue, inguinal and femoral lymph nodes. In cases of early vulvar cancer, the surgery may be less extensive and consist of wide excision or a simple vulvectomy. Surgery is significantly more extensive when the cancer has spread to nearby organs such as the urethra, vagina, or rectum. Complications of surgery include wound infection, sexual dysfunction, edema and thrombosis, as well as lymphedema secondary to dissected lymph nodes.
DID YOU KNOW?
Overall, five-year survival rates for vulvar cancer are around 78% but may be affected by individual factors including cancer stage, cancer type, patient age and general medical health. Five-year survival is greater than 90% for patients with stage I lesions but decreases to 20% when pelvic lymph nodes are involved.