Asthma is a condition in which a person's airways become inflamed, narrow, swell and produce extra mucus. People with a family history of allergies or asthma are more prone to developing asthma. The symptoms for Asthma are wheezing, coughing, tight chest, etc.
HOW IS ASTHMA DIAGNOSED?
Under the department of pulmonology it can be diagnosed by a general physician by conducting the following tests: 1. Spirometry 2.Methacholine challenge 3. Routine blood and urine tests
HOW IS ASTHMA TREATED?
There is no definitive cure for asthma. Only the symptoms can be addressed through treatment and management. Controller medications are taken daily to avoid triggers. Combination inhalers are helpful in opening the airways. Quick relief medications are used for quickly relaxing and opening the airways. Oral or intravenous corticosteroids may be given for acute or severe symptoms of asthma.
DID YOU KNOW?
Asthma occurs due to genetic and environmental factors.
Bronchial asthma or reactive airway disease are terms used for the chronic condition asthma, which affect a great number of adults and children all across the world. Boys are more prone to suffer from this condition than girls. But in the case of adults the situation is vice versa, that is, adult women are more prone to asthma than adult men.
Chronic bronchitis is a condition which causes inflammation of bronchial airways in the lungs, thus causing asthma. The swollen airways restrict the passage of air from entering and exiting the lungs, thus causing breathing problems and shortness of breath. Inflammation in the bronchial passages worsen due to certain triggers, for examples allergies can increase the swelling, resulting in a sudden asthma attack. Asthma can be characterised into two types depending on its causes-
1. Asthma due of allergies- allergic triggers lead to asthma attacks.
2. Asthma due of other factors- Various other factors lead to asthma attacks
Some common triggers of this condition are given below-
• Outdoor allergens- which include pollen, seeds, dust
• Indoor allergens- which include pet dander, dust mites, mould
• drugs and foods
• Air irritants- which include smoke, chemicals fumes, odours
• Infections- which include Cold, flu, hay fever
• Strenuous exercise regimes
• stress and fatigue
• Sudden changes in weather
Some common symptoms of asthma are-
• Cough- asthma patients suffer from severe coughing problem especially in the night or early in the morning
• Wheezing- while breathing asthma patients generally produce a squeaky sound
• Chest tightness- an asthma symptom which is quite common, it feels as if the chest is being squeezed really hard.
• Shortness of breath- asthma patients find it difficult to catch their breath after strenuous physical activity.
These days the treatment methods for asthma have greatly advanced, especially with the invention of metered dose inhaler (MDI). This type of inhaler administers medicines into the lungs in short bursts, thus clearing the passage for flow of air. Patients who suffer from a severe case of asthma always carry MDI with them.
You doctor may also recommend certain lifestyle modifications to control the symptoms of asthma and prevent asthma attacks. This may include change in eating habits and avoiding certain foods that can act as allergens and trigger an attack. Doctors also suggest light physical exercise to keep your body healthy and fit. To prevent the symptoms of asthma from aggravating it is also important that with the consultation of your doctor you come up with an asthma action plan and follow it thoroughly.
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