Breast swelling and tenderness is common for almost all women in the second half of their menstrual cycle. Many women have breast tenderness and pain, also called mastalgia. It may come and go with monthly periods (cyclic) or may not follow any pattern (noncyclic).Breast swelling and tenderness in the premenstrual portion of cycle can be mild to severe.Milk ducts in the breast are enlarged by the increase of estrogen production at certain points during menstrual cycle. Estrogen production generally reaches its peak just prior to the middle of cycle. The breast lobules, the milk glands, are stimulated to grow by an increase of progesterone, which reaches its peak around day 21 of a 28-day cycle. Breast swelling may accompany the presence of benign breast tumors, such as papillomas and fibroadenomas, along with other symptoms including:
Breast deformity or misshapen breast
Nipple discharge or tenderness
HOW IS SWELLING IN BREASTS DIAGNOSED?
A Gynecologist diagnoses Swelling in Breasts by examining the breast tissue and look for lumps. The doctor may suggest imaging studies to closely view breasts and these tests consist of mammogram or breast ultrasound.
HOW IS SWELLING IN BREASTS TREATED?
Swelling in Breasts can be treated with medication and in certain cases, the doctor may prescribe birth controlling pills, which can relieve symptoms in some women.
DID YOU KNOW?
Premenstrual breast swelling is often linked with premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and fibrocystic breast disease (benign breast changes). Premenstrual breast tenderness and swelling probably occur to some degree in nearly all women.
• More severe symptoms may occur in many women during their childbearing years.
• The rate may be lower in women taking birth control pills.
• Risk factors may include family history, a high-fat diet, and to much caffeine.