Knee pain is one of the most common aches and pains that are associated with ageing. While it is common in elderly, young people may also experience this condition as a result of a variety of causes, injuries or ailments. The exact location of the knee pain may vary depending upon which structure of the knee is involved. Along with the pain, there can be difficulty in motion, swelling and severe discomfort when changing position.
HOW IS KNEE PAIN DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will perform a physical exam, and look at your knees, hips, legs, and other joints. The specialist may recommend tests which include:
• Joint fluid culture (fluid taken from the knee and examined under a microscope)
• X-ray of the knee
• MRI of the knee if a ligament or meniscus tear could be the cause
• CT scan of the knee
HOW IS KNEE PAIN TREATED?
Treatment of knee pain depends on the cause. Painkillers may be prescribed for relief from pain. Physical therapy for strengthening the knee muscles may help improve stability and mobility. For knee pain due joint problems, surgery may be required.
DID YOU KNOW?
The prognosis of the condition is highly dependent on the cause of the knee pain.
Knee pain is a common problem faced by young and old alike. Modern lifestyle causes a lot of orthopaedic problems of which, a typical one is knee pain. Work hazards also play a major role in knee pain, those jobs with long periods of kneeling and walking can also cause knee pain.
The part of the body which holds the weight of the body along with ankles and hips is the knee. It is responsible for rotating motion and bending of the body. Any pain in the knee is really extricating and is unbearable.
Knee pain is divided into three categories namely – Arthritis, Injury, chronic overuse or use conditions.
Arthritis is an autoimmune disease which affects all the joints in the body including the knee. The knee joints get inflammation due to arthritis. Gout is another form of arthritis which affects the big toe of the foot as well as the knee too. Septic arthritis is another form of inflammation where the knee gets infected and needs to be treated with antibiotics.
Injury to the knee also causes knee pain. Injury may be due to fracture or a ligament tear. When injury is due to fracture or ligament tear it requires immediate attention of a medical practitioner or orthopaedic surgeon. In some cases knee pain is due to knee dislocation and this is a medical condition which requires immediate hospitalization.
Cyclists and runners usually suffer from chronic knee pain. This needs to be treated by orthopaedics who will recommend corrective measures.
Normally knee pain disappears after a period of rest or if the injury is minor. In some cases there is pain in the knees even after long periods of rest. Such situations call for immediate attention of a medical practitioner.
When you visit a medical practitioner for knee pain he will do a thorough examination of the knee to understand the cause of the pain. It is advisable to wear proper clothing for the examination as the doctor has to check the knee thoroughly.
After physical examination doctors may recommend X-Ray, Blood tests and even diagnosis of the fluid in the knee. Some orthopaedics even recommend an MRI scan.
Treatment for each type of knee pain is different and you need to take the medication recommended by the doctors regularly to get relief from the knee pain. In a few cases surgery may be required for curing the knee pain. It is best to follow the advice of the doctor to relieve yourself of the unbearable pain.
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