Infertility is a condition that is characterized by inability to conceive a child even after carefully timed, unprotected sexual intercourse for over a year. The causes of infertility may be difficult to determine as there could be various reasons that may lead to infertility. In most cases, there are no additional symptoms than the inability to get pregnant.
HOW IS INFERTILITY DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of infertility may be done based on symptoms and physical examination. In females tests for confirming infertility are: ovulation testing, hysterosalpingography, ovarian reserve testing, hormone testing, imaging tests to examine the pelvis and uterus. In males, semen testing, scrotal ultrasound, hormone testing and testicular biopsy are conducted.
HOW IS INFERTILITY TREATED?
Treatment of infertility depends on the underlying cause. Commonly fertility drugs, hormone medication, and tubular surgeries are done to treat infertility. Lifestyle changes also help in treating infertility
DID YOU KNOW?
Complications of infertility treatment may include:
• Multiple pregnancy.
• Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).
• Bleeding or infection.
Being a newly married couple that dreams of starting a new family, have you been having difficulties in trying to conceive in the last six months to one year? Either of you may then be suffering from infertility, or the inability to reproduce naturally. Infertility due to the woman or the man is usually of an equal percentage.
In women, this infertility may be seen due to blocked Fallopian tubes, problems in ovulation, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), uterine problems, stress, age-related factors, poor diet, etc. Male infertility may be due to low quality of semen count. This may be because of usage of drugs, alcohol, radiation or endocrine problems.
The doctor will have to first run several tests to diagnose the infertility. He would look into the detailed case histories of both of you and then run tests such as sperm studies, ovulation tests, ultrasound, and laparoscopy.
This is however not the end of the road for couples like you, for nowadays there are several methods you can look into for conception. Medicine, surgery, artificial insemination, or assisted reproductive technology, are some of the options available according to your test results and other factors such as the woman’s age. Each method would be explained to you along with all its risk factors. A lot of counseling happens at this crucial stage for the preferred choice of treatment.
Here are a few different ways of achieving conception:
• Intrauterine insemination (IUI): This is an artificial insemination method in which specially picked sperm is inserted into the woman’s uterus. Ovulation is often stimulated before the insemination. This method is adopted when the cause for infertility is unknown or when there is a mild factor of male infertility.
• In vitro fertilization (IVF): This is an assisted reproductive technology (ART), in which the eggs of the woman is surgically removed and combined with the sperm in a laboratory. This is then returned to the woman’s body or given to another willing woman. Though this procedure is time consuming and expensive, it has helped hundreds of couples to conceive. Babies born out of this procedure are often referred to as ‘test tube babies’.
• Surrogacy: When a woman has no eggs or few eggs, another healthy woman’s eggs and the husband’s sperm are fertilized together. The other woman then carries the baby to term according to agreement. A child born out of surrogacy would be genetically related to the husband and the surrogate.
Lybrate is an ideal platform for you to find and connect with healthcare professionals that can help with your infertility problems. We at Lybrate can help you to connect with the best of the infertility clinics in Delhi, Faridabad, Ghaziabad, Gurgaon, Indore. Subscribe to us to be a vital part of our healthcare social networking network, and receive updates and information on your issue.
You can consult doctors online for Infertility from anywhere, anytime at Lybrate. View consultation fee, reviews and patient feedback before consulting. Find best doctors in Chillhar Road, Bhayandar, Kanakia, Bhayandar, Mandali Talav, Bhayandar, Navghar Road, Bhayandar, Sector 9, Bhayandar, Shanti Park, Bhayandar and in any other locality in Mumbai.
You can see above a list of top doctors in Shushrusha Hospital, Mumbai for Infertility. Ask a question for free at Lybrate today and receive answers from best doctors.