Colonic Diverticular Disease is a medical condition that involves the development of sacs in the wall of the colon, diverticular bleeding and diverticulitis. Diverticulosis is the formation of small pockets in the bowel lining. Diverticulitis occurs when these pockets are inflamed. Symptoms of Colonic Diverticular Disease are:
• Alternating diarrhoea and constipation
• Painful cramps or tenderness in lower abdomen
• Chills or fever
HOW IS COLONIC DIVERTICULAR DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Gastroenterologists first conduct a physical examination and evaluate patient history. Other diagnostic tests are:
• Digital rectal exam
• CT Scan
• Ultrasound tests
• Blood tests
Angiography may be performed to locate the source of bleeding.
HOW IS COLONIC DIVERTICULAR DISEASE TREATED?
The majority of patients remain asymptomatic throughout life and no treatment is required. A high fibre diet may reduce the symptoms of diverticula and rate of complications. Surgical treatment of the disease can be considered based on the stage of the disease and clinical presentation.
DID YOU KNOW?
Surgical procedures like closure of the rectal stump and end colostomy can also be conducted to cure the patient.